1650-1850: Ideas, AEsthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era takes a focused but multidisciplinary approach to the "long eighteenth century," the two hundred years during which the writers and artists explored, developed, and represented a complex program of modernization or "Enlightenment." Covering a period that begins with the revolutionary thought of Thomas Hobbes and the surprising establishment of a Commonwealth government and that ends with the careers of William Wordsworth and Lord Byron, 1650-1850 publishes essays treating the aesthetic and philosophical side of this period of deep social transformation. This annual includes studies on the literature, philosophy, theology, art, music, architecture, and personalities of the period. It publishes many essays on British topics but also includes studies from various cultures, from Vietnam and Romania to Peru and the arctic. It seeks to discover connections among the various arts and intellectual pursuits and also to provide a venue for specialized studies not suitable for less experimental journals. 1650-1850 always includes fifteen to twenty extended reviews, reviews that examine major scholarly studies and editions in detail and with robust honesty. Volume 16 - Contents: Foreword; Nancy Cox and Karin Dannehl, "Colors in Trade: The Palette of the Goods and Commodities of Early-Modern England" ; Yu Liu, "The Catalyst for Change: Chinese Sharawadgi and English Hortricultural Naturalism"; Rosamaria Loretelli, "David Hume's Reader-Response Narratology: A New Perspective on the Rise of the Novel"; Deborah Kennedy, "British Portraits of Women Reading"; Lisa Moody, "Edmond Hoyle's Treatises on Whist: Literary Piracy in the Eighteenth Century"; Roger D. Lund, "'The Filagree Game': Imitations and Mock Form in Pope's Pastorals"; Jean-Paul Forster, "From Cartographic to Topographic Representations of the Sea"; Merlin E. Blaine, "The Representative Body, the Severed Head, and the Rump: Figurations of the English State, 1640-1662"; Norbert Col, "Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France: Cross-Channel Representations".