Rex Brynen is Professor of Political Science at McGill University. He is author, editor, or coeditor of eight books on various aspects of Palestinian and Middle East politics. He has served as a consultant for various governments, the World Bank and the UN. Roula El-Rifai is a senior programme specialist with the Middle East Unit and the Governance, Security and Justice Programme Initiative at the International Development Research Centre in Ottawa. She is co-editor of Palestinian Refugees: Challenges of Repatriation and Development (2007).