Da Vinci's Ghost: Genius, Obsession, and How Leonardo Created the World in His Own Image Hardcover – Feb 7 2012
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"Every once in a while that rare book comes along that is not only wonderfully written and utterly compelling but also alters the way you perceive the world. Toby Lester’s “Da Vinci's Ghost” is such a book. Like a detective, Lester uncovers the secrets of an iconic drawing and pieces together a magisterial history of art and ideas and beauty."—David Grann, author of The Lost City of Z
"In reconstructing the forgotten story of Vitruvian Man, Toby Lester, a canny decoder of images and a great storyteller, sheds new light on the enigmatic Leonardo DaVinci."—Chris Anderson, Editor in Chief of Wired, author of The Long Tail and Free
"Erudite, elegant, enthralling. This is a wonderful book. Toby Lester understands, and makes us understand, the unique intensity with which Leonardo saw the world. He saw it not only in its infinite diversity but also as an impression of his own self, an explanation of what it means to be human. Hence Vitruvian Man."—Sister Wendy Beckett, author of The Story of Painting
“Da Vinci’s Ghost is both a beautiful and a brilliant book. After reading Lester’s account, you will never be able to look at Leonardo’s Vitruvian Man the same way again.”—Howard Markel, author of An Anatomy of Addiction
“Da Vinci’s Ghost is as ingeniously crafted as one of its namesake’s famous inventions. Like Leonardo himself, Toby Lester can take a single sheet of paper—in this case, the most famous drawing in all of art history—and make it teem with stories, characters, insights, and ideas.”—Adam Goodheart, author of 1861: The Civil War Awakening
“Like almost everyone, I've seen Leonardo's drawing of the nude man in the circle. But until I read Toby Lester's terrific new book, I had no idea about the story behind the picture—or even that there *was* a story behind the picture. Deftly weaving together art, architecture, history, theology and much else, Da Vinci's Ghost is a first-rate intellectual enchantment.”—Charles Mann, author of 1493
"Like Da Vinci's famous drawing, Toby Lester's book is a small wonder—a work of brilliant compression that illuminates a whole world of life and thought. Lester proves himself to be the perfect guide to the Renaissance and beyond—affable, knowledgeable, funny. Leonardo's Virtruvian Man turns out to be a road map that can take us to remarkable places—once you learn how to read it."—Cullen Murphy, editor at large, Vanity Fair
“One of the great contributions of books like this is to keep the reader from taking for granted a familiar object. Lester’s detective story has a satisfying number of insights…covers a broad swath of history…[and] braids intellectual threads—philosophy, anatomy, architecture, and art—together in a way that reaffirms not only Leonardo’s genius but also re-establishes the significance of historical context in understanding great works of art.”—Publishers Weekly, STARRED Review
Praise for Toby Lester's Fourth Part of the World
“Marvelously imaginative, exhaustively researched. . . . Guiding the reader Virgil-like through the Age of Discovery, Lester introduces a chronologically and conceptually vast array of Great Men (Columbus, Vespucci, Polo, Copernicus, et al.), competing theories, monastic sages, forgotten poets, opportunistic merchants, unfortunate slaves, and more. That he relates it all so cleanly and cogently—via elegant prose, relaxed erudition, measured pacing, and purposeful architecture—is a feat. That he proffers plentiful visual delights, including detailed views of the legendary document, is a gift. This map, Lester writes, ‘draws you in, reveals itself in stages, and doesn’t let go.’ Nor does this splendid volume.”—The Atlantic
“An intellectual detective story. By using the [Waldseemüller] map as a lens through which to view a nexus of myth, imagination, technology, stupidity, and imperial ambition, Lester has penned a provocative, disarming testament to human ambition and ingenuity.”—The Boston Globe
“Perfect for [somebody who] loves biography and nonfiction, particularly idea-driven books like Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel.”—The Wall Street Journal
"Lester pulls on the threads of Waldseemüller's map and finds an extraordinary braid of influences. [He] builds a cumulative tale of rich, diverse influences that he juggles with gathering speed and showmanship until the whir of detail coalesces into an inspired, imaginative piece of mapmaking.”—San Francisco Chronicle
“One of this year's most captivating and richly detailed histories."—The News Tribune
“Lester captures the passion, curiosity and, at times, the hubris behind the European explorations. His real interest lies in the evolution of Europeans' perception of the world, as reflected by their maps, an approach that works splendidly. To mid-millennial Europeans, there was nothing over the western sea but mystery and legends about islands, monsters and mythical beings. It took courage to sail off into that unknown, and Lester's book offers a clear survey of how people came to understand the world in which they lived.”—The Washington Post
“Fascinating. Without Toby Lester's fine book, the Waldseemüller Map might remain an interesting historical footnote. Instead, one now understands the creation of the map as a world-changing moment, "a birth certificate for the world that came into being in 1492 -- and a death warrant for the one that was there before.’"—Minneapolis Star-Tribune
“Maps – intricate, absurd, fantastical, ridiculous – fill this beautiful book, reinforcing Lester’s thesis that they tell us as much about their makers as our surroundings. The heretofore unknown fourth part of the world was an enormous, unspoiled continent whose natural resources could be exploited and whose natives could be converted, sold into slavery, or exterminated. Like any train wreck, the controversies of this historical moment fascinate.”—The Christian Science Monitor
“Compelling ... allows us to see how a group of European Renaissance scholars 'managed to arrive at a new understanding of the world as a whole.' Mr. Lester bravely ventures where few have gone before."—The New York Times
“Thrilling. Vital to anyone interested in knowing the story of this country. An elegant and thoughtful account of the one morsel of cartographic history that would shake the world's foundations. [Lester's] is a rare and masterly talent."—Simon Winchester, author of, most recently, The Man Who Loved China
About the Author
Toby Lester is the author of The Fourth Part of the World (2009) and a contributing editor to The Atlantic. A former Peace Corps volunteer and United Nations observer, he lives in the Boston area with his wife and three daughters. His work has also appeared on the radio program This American Life.
Inside This Book(Learn More)
Top Customer Reviews
With regard to the meaning and significance of this book's title, consider these observations with which Lester concludes the book: "Brought into being more than a millennium ago and born of concepts far older still the picture [i.e. Leonardo's drawing of Vitruvian Man] contains whole lost worlds of information, ideas, stories, and patterns of thought. But look the subject directly in the eye, and you'll also see Leonardo da Vinci, staring out at you from the page.Read more ›
Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
This quest is to explain the importance of Vitruvian Man by placing it in historical prospective, and also explaining how it fits into the life of Leonardo. There are three main hurdles the author must overcome in order to succeed in this quest.
The first hurdle is that the author attempts to tell a complex story in a very, very short book: 225 pages plus another 70 pages of notes, index, etc. The second is that it assumes that the reader knows no European history, and thus absolutely anything he wants to include of historical significance, he must explain. Medieval Europe, guilds, Augustus, Hildegarde of Bingen. Long list of fairly basic historical facts needing definitions, not much space in which to accomplish this. Third hurdle, we know almost nothing of Leonardo's life outside what he left in his notebooks. This requires a seemingly endless number of 'it is probable that' 'the odds are good that'...
Why I like this book is the audacity of its author to set himself such a difficult task, and to work so hard, and write so well, in making this difficult and important story known, and to write it with a vibrancy that makes you want to read more, to follow the endless minor stories he introduces with the aid of his extensive Works Cited section.
An example of the virtuosity of his descriptions is that he succinctly explains Ptolemy's latitude/longitude plotting of coordinates and then neatly ties this to Alberti's mapping of body coordinates.
Because the author covers such an insane swatch of history with an insistence on explaining everything, those who have some grounding in the applicable history will find many of the explanations annoyingly simplistic. Description of Medieval Europe? "Europe as a whole had devolved into a grimly feudal place" and "so-called Dark Ages."
If you enjoyed Brunelleschi's Dome and The Swerve, you will most probably also find this book engaging.
KINDLE UPDATE: The original Kindle version of the book lacked the plates. The publisher recently updated the Kindle version, eliminating this problem. If you purchased the plate-less version, you must contact Kindle Customer Service to receive the updated version. Deleting and downloading will simply download another copy of the plate-less version.
I loved The Fourth Part of the World: An Astonishing Epic of Global Discovery, Imperial Ambition, and the Birth of America, and now I loved Da Vinci's Ghost: both books will really stick with me.
I can't wait so see what Lester does next. I rank him with Charles Mann, Adam Hochschild, and John M. Barry on my list of brilliant and thought-provoking nonfiction writers and thinkers.
With regard to the meaning and significance of this book's title, consider these observations with which Lester concludes the book: "Brought into being more than a millennium ago and born of concepts far older still the picture [i.e. Leonardo's drawing of Vitruvian Man] contains whole lost worlds of information, ideas, stories, and patterns of thought. But look the subject directly in the eye, and you'll also see Leonardo da Vinci, staring out at you from the page. The man himself died centuries ago, but his ghost - timeless, watchful, and restless - remains unmistakably, unforgettably alive."
In addition to Lester's lively as well as eloquent narrative, I also appreciate the provision of dozens of illustrations to which he refers and for which he creates a context, a frame of reference. For example the 53 "Figures" that include churches and the human body from Francesco di Giorgio Martini's Treatise (c. 1481-1484) a copy of which Leonardo owned; Christ as a microcosm from a 12th century German manuscript; Leonardo's earliest surviving drawing (c. 1473); two of Leonardo's studies of the human head (1489); the first known drawing of Vitruvian Man from Martini's Treatise (c. 1481-84); Vitruvian Man from the Ferrara manuscript; the same figure superimposed on Leonardo's drawing; and a possible copy of a since lost study of human motion by Leonardo (c. 1560). There are also nine full-color plates inserted between Pages 138 and 139, and the last is a reproduction of Leonardo's Vitruvian Man (c. 1490) accompanied by his (as always) opious notes.
These are a few of the dozens of passages that caught my eye:
"As an architect with plenty of hands-on experience, Vitruvius recognized that singular challenge confronted the Romans if they wanted to build a body of empire based on the natural order. It would have to be assembled piece by piece, according to a set of standard measurements that could be understood and used by engineers and construction workers all over the world." (Page 36)
"The earliest illustrations of the human body as a microcosm, which date to he twelfth century amount to little more than adaptations of the diagrams that had long appeared in manuscripts by such writers as Isidore of Seville and the Venerable Bede (Plate 3). Soon, however, writers and illustrators began to describe a set of almost biological relationships between parts of the heavens and the human body." (55)
"It's impossible to say when Leonardo first embraced the idea of the artist as a kind of creator-god, but the idea was one he would carry with him throughout his life...The idea had an ancient pedigree...The Neoplatonists in Florence, who emerged as a cultural force in the latter half of the fifteenth century, latched onto this analogy between the human and the divine...Human nature, [Marsilio Ficino] wrote, `possesses in itself images of the divine things upon which it depends.'" (85)
"Leonardo didn't just model his notebooks on the sketchbooks of artists and engineers. Her also turned to another source for inspiration: the commonplace book, designed to preserve not pictures but words...notebooks, that is, in which [students] collected excerpts from their reading, organized not by author or book but by subject." (117)
"Most of Leonardo's notebook sketches feel hasty and unfinished, less like the result of thought that like the thought [begin italics] itself [end italics], captured in action. But Vitruvian Man is different. Leonardo drew the picture with uncharacteristic precision, almost as though he was carefully preparing it to be printed." (213)
By the time Lester's readers arrive at the book's conclusion, they will have learned a great deal about the evolution of perspectives on an ancient drawing, to be sure, but they will also appreciate even more than perhaps they once did how important Leonardo continues to be to the evolution of thought in so many dimensions of human curiosity. Hence the appropriateness of Toby Lester's suggestion that, when they gaze at Plate 9 that precedes Page 139, "you'll also see Leonardo da Vinci, staring out at you from the page. The man himself died centuries ago, but his ghost - timeless, watchful, and restless - remains unmistakably, unforgettably alive."
La Bella Lingua: My Love Affair with Italian, the World's Most Enchanting Language
"He from whom nothing is hidden created me, and I have all measure in me, both of what is heavenly above and what is earthly and infernal. And who understands himself understands much." --Plate 7 Caption
It was a hot summer day, as I approached Castello Sforzesco, a 15th century castle that served as a residence for Milan's ducal family. The curators of Michelangelo's art collection and Leonardo DaVinci*'s Codex are located in a majestic contoured garden, not far from La Scala, Milan's center. I was taken by the artistic posters of the Vetruvian man, Da Vinci's ingenious creation, whom the Milanese did not cease, all summer to pay homage to Leonardo's creative genius. The unique Vitruvian design became the substitute icon of the cosmos, in human form. Leonardo's geometric perfection and vivid anatomy, may have opened the scope of his design, to include a metaphysical parameter as well as the mundane dimension. Vitruvian Man provides an integral perspective of the dual makeup of humanity, in a unique visual expression.
The story of Vitruvian Man, in a circle and a square, has become the Renaissance's cultural icon. It celebrates the nature of 'Leonardo's genius', the beauty of the human form, and the character of the human spirit. Leonardo did not summon Vitruvian Man out of the blue, he was meditating on the universal concept, that the human body could be fitted in a circle's circumference, the mystical symbol of eternity, and a square that represented the four material elements of earthly life. It was prescribed by a Roman architect, Vitruvius who implied that the human body was a microcosm, an idea that fascinated Europeans the religious and astronomers for centuries, and Leonardo got hooked to it in an intellectual trap.
In telling the story, award winner Toby Lester cross-weaves a century long legend of people and ideas, brought together in a cast of fascinating characters. Renaissance anatomists, sculptors, art renovators, with Leonardo himself, the starring role, whose ghost resurrects in a surprisingly strange surroundings of his own times. Lester's "Da Vinci's Ghost" is written with intellectual sweep, and narrative flair rekindling the wonder of imagination that only a ghost can inspire! Like Vitruvian Man itself, the book captures a rare time in the history of European thought while the Middle Ages give way to the Renaissance waves of invigoration, while the arts, sciences and philosophy seemed to be converging in a reverberating whole. It seemed then to Leonardo Da Vinci, that Vitruvian Man could personify universal humanism.
* Leonardo da Vinci
The hand of Leonardo da Vinci has produced images that have inspired and haunted us for centuries, but for many of his admirers, the Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, or the Vitruvian Man are his best. Leonardo studied various other natural phenomena, from the flight of birds to the movements of currents. Leonardo da Vinci had an unlimited desire for knowledge, and visual perception was the main tool he used in pursuit of that knowledge, that he even performed dissections, providing a comprehensive account of the anatomy of the human body. Leonardo is known to conceive many novel ideas well ahead of his time; the submarine, the helicopter, and the parachute. Art and science combined in his investigations of the human form, pursued to its limits. Working from his codices, Italian Artisans crafted interactive and life-size machine inventions, bringing back to life his genius as inventor, artist, engineer, anatomist, architect, sculptor and philosopher. These works include the first concepts of a car, bicycle, helicopter, glider, parachute, Scuba, submarine, armored tank to name a few.