While a challenging read, Evans offers us an invaluable look at Brazil's shift from "classic dependence" to "dependent development". This is not a look at class struggle but rather an in-depth look at the internal make-up of the Brazilian elite. Evans shows us that Brazil's economy at the beginning of the Twentieth Century based on primary exports, though profitable, was simply too volatile and too susceptible to pressure from emerging competitors. What followed was a shift towards industrialization and a place in the semi-periphery, based on "a delicate combination of social forces and historical circumstances". The nature of the subject matter is complex but the importance of Evans' leftist take on the evolution of the Brazilian economy is too important to have this put you off. For those interested in the Brazilian case, or those curious as to how a state makes the shift from the classically dependent periphery to the less dependent semi-periphery, this book is a valuable addition.