East of Eden
is an acknowledged classic, and the starring debut of James Dean lifts it to legendary status. John Steinbeck's novel gave director Elia Kazan a perfect Cain-and-Abel showcase for Dean's iconic screen persona, casting the brooding star as Cal, the younger of two brothers vying for the love of their Bible-thumping father (Raymond Massey) in Monterey, California, at the dawn of World War I. Massey is a lettuce farmer, striving for market domination with an ill-fated refrigeration scheme. Having discovered that his presumed-dead mother (Oscar®
winner Jo Van Fleet) is a brothel owner in nearby Salinas, Cal convinces her to finance an investment that will restore his father's lost fortune, but neither money nor the tenderness of his brother's fiancée (Julie Harris) can assuage Cal's anguished need for paternal acceptance that comes nearly too late. Kazan's oblique camera angles and Dean's tortured emoting may seem extreme by latter-day standards, but their theatrics make East of Eden
a timeless tale of family secrets and hard-won affection. --Jeff Shannon
Based On John Steinbeck'S Novel And Directed By Elia Kazan, East Of Eden Is The First Of Three Major Films That Make Up James Dean'S Movie Legacy. The 24-Year-Old Idol-To-Be Plays Cal, A Wayward Salinas Valley Youth Who Vies For The Affection Of His Hardened Father (Raymond Massey) With His Favored Brother Aron (Richard Davalos). Playing Off The Haunting Sensitivity Of Julie Harris, Dean'S Performance Earned One Of The Film'S Four Academy Award Nominations.* Among The Movie'S Stellar Performances, Jo Van Fleet Won The Oscar As Best Supporting Actress.