Pieter UysHALL OF FAMETOP 50 REVIEWER on July 17 2006
In this awe-inspiring work, Bat Ye'or chronicles the origins and course of the insidious cultural and economic Jihad of the past 30+ years against the West. She identifies the historical and spiritual dimensions of the current struggle against our civilization by detailing how the enemy has been weakening our culture in the aftermath of the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
Oil wealth has been harnessed to wage psychological and diplomatic warfare in order to subvert the Judeo-Christian and Enlightenment roots of Europe and turn it into a limp-wristed post-modernist culture as a prelude to subduing it completely. The most disturbing revelations concern the European intellectual and political elites that have colluded in this process of undermining our heritage.
The clearest signs of the extent to which they have succeeded are the Anti-American, Anti-Zionist and Pro-Palestinian attitudes of much of Europe nowadays, demonstrating the effects of the intelligentsia on ordinary people via the media. By playing on European resentment of American dominance, the enemy is succeeding in breaking up the Western Alliance.
There is also the gruesome convergence of a resurgent fascist Anti-Semitism with the Islamist resentment of the existence of Israel. One of its manifestations is Palestinianism, where the Western cultural pathology of guilt is being exploited to turn the West against Israel. Other forces are at work too, like French envy of Anglo-Saxon pre-eminence and the material benefits of close economic co-operation with the oil-rich countries of the Middle East and North Africa.Read more ›
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One measure of success for a book such as this is how effectively it stimulates discussion. Unfortunately, opinion seems to have polarised around those who think every statement in this book is correct, and those who do not.
I'll leave it to others to consider whether, for them, that constitutes meaningful debate.
From my perspective, this book should be read, in conjunction with other sources of information, for two reasons. First, to try to obtain a deeper appreciation of some of the factors influencing Europe's relationship with the geopolitical entities known collectively as the Middle East and, secondly, to try to understand the author's view of Islam.
Bat Ye'Or puts forward some persuasive, at least superficially, arguments in favour of her interpretations. Whether she is correct or not, we all should be concerned. But don't let the debate begin and end with this book: read more broadly and discuss more widely.
This book is a starting point, not a conclusion.
A thought provoking read.
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First, Bat Ye'or is clearly an important historian. Her previous work explores the history of Islamic conquests and the fate of non-Muslims under Muslim rulers. It is valuable work -- as important as any good research on the history of Christian oppression of non-Christians or heretics. But in "Eurabia", Ye'or turns to the present and future. And she sees only more of the same: Muslims will continue seeking to conquer the world till all are subject to them. Not only that, Ye'or accuses that the jihadists have now turned Europe itself into their ally against Judeo-Christian civilization. As she explains, the jihadist "ideology, strategy, propaganda, and phraseology were conceived, formulated, and imposed on a reluctant European public opinion by a strong Arab and Western political and ideological alliance, including Third Worldists, Leftists, Communists and the Extreme Right". (p. 86)
With a blizzard of facts and citations, Ye'or lays out her proofs of a new Euro-Arab Axis against Western values. Where many Muslims claim that a Jewish conspiracy controls America, Ye'or holds that Muslims now control Europe:
"The strengthened EU framework has institutionalized a symbiotic Euro-Arab partnership preparing a Kafkaesque cultural and political totalitarianism, wherein Islamist jihadist values subvert the whole European conception of knowledge, human rights, and fundamental individual liberties." (p. 269)
For Ye'or, all recent efforts toward "dialogue", "equality" or "justice" between Muslims and others have been a sham pretext for creeping cultural conquest by Muslims. The Westerners who promoted such accords have merely appeased insatiable aggressors.Read more ›
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If she really wanted to help build up society, she would try to make better relations between people, not give them many reasons why they must fight people of other religions. I'm sure there are both good and fanatic people in every religion, be it Christians, Muslims or Jews. And it's not fair to label all people of any group as evil.
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542 of 575 people found the following review helpful
The Dhimmitude of EuropeFeb. 27 2005
Andrew G. Bostom
- Published on Amazon.com
On a recent trip to Switzerland, I encountered a gigantic mural in the Zurich Airport which depicted a proto-typical Swiss goat and sheep herder leading his flocks over an Alpine mountain pass, meeting a fully cloaked and turbaned Arab camel herder. Below the mural, a caption read, "You never know who you'll meet in Switzerland". This bucolic image struck me as bizarre, not having been personally conditioned to Western Europe's deliberate sociopolitical transformation over the past 30 years. I was reminded of these prescient words, written a quarter century ago by the great historian of Medieval European Islam, Charles Emmanuel Dufourcq, who was concerned (even then) that historical and cultural revisionism might precipitate a recurrence of
"...the upheaval carried out on our continent (i.e., Europe) by Islamic penetration more than a thousand years ago...with other methods."
And Dufourcq characterized the original methods which facilitated the violent, chaotic jihad conquest of the Iberian peninsula, and other parts of Europe, indistinguishable in motivation from modern acts of jihad terrorism, like the Madrid bombings on 3/11/04:
"It is not difficult to understand that such expeditions sowed terror. The historian al-Maqqari, who wrote in seventeenth-century Tlemcen in Algeria, explains that the panic created by the Arab horsemen and sailors, at the time of the Muslim expansion in the zones that saw those raids and landings, facilitated the later conquest, if that was decided on: `Allah,' he says, `thus instilled such fear among the infidels that they did not dare to go and fight the conquerors; they only approached them as suppliants, to beg for peace.'"
Within a decade after Dufourcq's death in 1982, the historian Bat Ye'or (from a 1991 French interview, published in English translation in 1994) echoed his intuitive concerns about Europe's re-Islamization, and warned more broadly,
"I do not see serious signs of a Europeanization of Islam anywhere, a move that would be expressed in a relativization of religion, a self-critical view of the history of Islamic imperialism...we are light years away from such a development...On the contrary, I think that we are participating in the Islamization of Europe, reflected both in daily occurrences and in our way of thinking...All the racist fanaticism that permeates the Arab countries and Iran has been manifested in Europe in recent years..."
Bat Ye'or is the most informed and insightful contemporary scholar of those unique Islamic institutions which regulate the relations between Muslims and non-Muslims: jihad, and its corollary institution, dhimmitude, the repressive and humiliating system of governance imposed upon those non-Muslims (i.e., dhimmis) subjugated by jihad. Although she coined the term dhimmitude, Bat Ye'or's characterization of the salient features of this institution is entirely consistent with the views of seminal scholars from the early and mid 20th century, such as Sir Jadunath Sarkar, and Antoine Fattal. Bat Ye'or's seminal contribution to the study of jihad and dhimmitude has been her unparalleled ability to accomplish two related tasks: (I) methodically and compulsively pooling a vast, rich array of primary source data; (II) providing a brilliant synthetic analysis of these data to demonstrate convincingly the transformative power of jihad and dhimmitude, operating as designed, within formerly Christian societies of the Near East and Asia Minor.
Eurabia: the Euro-Arab Axis portrays Western Europe's recrudescent dhimmitude, chronicled in real time, by our most knowledgeable contemporary scholar of the dhimmi condition. Living as an eyewitness in Geneva - a major European center, with its United Nations, NGOs and other international fora - Bat Ye'or describes in painstaking detail, the ongoing transformation of Europe into "Eurabia," a cultural and political appendage of the Arab/Muslim world. The use of the term "Eurabia", she notes, was first introduced, triumphally, in the mid-1970s, as the title of a journal edited by the President of the Association for Franco-Arab Solidarity, Lucien Bitterlein, and published collaboratively by the Groupe d'Etudes sur le Moyen-Orient (Geneva), France-Pays Arabes (Paris), and the Middle East International (London). The articles and editorials in this publication called for common Euro-Arab positions, at every level - social, economic, and commercial - and were contingent upon the fundamental political condition of European support for the Arab (and non-Arab) Muslim umma's jihad against Israel. These concrete proposals were not the musings of isolated theorists - they in fact represented policy decisions conceived in conjunction with, and actualized by, European state leaders, their ministers of foreign affairs, and European Parliamentarians.
Bat Ye'or's "Eurabia" clearly transcends attempts to analyze the same contemporary phenomena by other pundits. This remarkable book is the product of her serendipitously apposite prior expertise, painstaking new research, brilliant insight, and intellectual courage. Bat Ye'or's analyses have profound implications for Western Europe which may be incapable of altering its Eurabian trajectory; her research may be even more important for the United States if it wishes to avoid Europe's fate:
"Eurabia's destiny was sealed when it decided, willingly, to become a covert partner with the Arab global jihad against America and Israel. Americans must discuss the tragic development of Eurabia, and its profound implications for the United States...Americans should consider the despair and confusion of many Europeans, prisoners of a Eurabian totalitarianism that foments a culture of deadly lies about Western civilization. Americans should know that this self-destructive calamity did not just happen, rather it was the result of deliberate policies, executed and monitored by ostensibly responsible people. Finally, Americans should understand that Eurabia's contemporary anti-Zionism and anti-Americanism are the spiritual heirs of 1930s Nazism and anti-Semitism, triumphally resurgent."
479 of 514 people found the following review helpful
OutstandingFeb. 26 2005
Alyssa A. Lappen
- Published on Amazon.com
Bat Ye'or is the world's preeminent historian of Islam, jihad and dhimmitude--the reduced state of non-Muslim peoples living under Islamic rule. Here, she has masterfully portrayed the means by which the Euro-Arab Dialogue (EAD) unfolded over the past 30-plus years, and how that process relates to the World War II Axis--as well as the historical, 1,400-year jihad.
"There are three forms of jihad," says Bat Ye'or today, "the military jihad, the economic jihad and the cultural jihad." The EAD between the European Union and the Arab League has been a means of spreading the economic and cultural jihads from the Middle East to Europe.
The process outlined here began with Charles DeGaulle's 1967 pronouncement that henceforward, France would assume a pro-Arab policy. In 1971, France began selling arms to Qaddafi, a step from which the EAD flowed as naturally as it did from DeGaulle's policy initiative.
Another factor, according to Bat Ye'or, was the French desire to regain a leading role in European history; Georges Pompidou furthered the process in October 1973, following the Syrian and Egyptian Yom Kippur war with Israel.
At that time, the Arab world imposed an oil embargo on Denmark, Holland and the U.S., cut oil production and began to raise oil prices by five percent a month. These new global geopolitics terrified the leaders of Germany and France.
Before it agreed to establish the EAD, the Arab League had demanded that Europe establish pro-Arab and anti-American policies in all their united political, cultural and economic endeavors. The oil embargo was the catalyst which finally moved the European Economic Community to action. Now, writes Bat Ye'or, EEC ministers enacted resolutions that met the Arab demands, and which at the same time reversed the true intent of United Nations Resolution 242. Only then was the Arab oil embargo to Europe lifted.
Through this give and take, Europe was mostly on the losing end, for the EAD contained from the start a significant rider to its economic agreements concerning oil. Now, a process unfolded whereby Arab culture, politics and faith were imported into Europe along with a militant Muslim population that refused to assimilate into European culture. Arab culture did not change, while European universities and politics changed radically.
Bat Ye'or also shows how the EAD renewed and fostered Europe's Axis ties to the Middle East: In the late 1940s and 1950s war criminals fled Europe to Egypt, Syria and other Arab nations. Now, Axis links to Europe were rekindled through the Middle Eastern policies imported into Europe. The new Europe was built on a unified anti-Israel and anti-American policy.
As Bat Ye'or also suggests, America is the last frontier, and the American people should take it as their duty to avoid Europe's fate.
Read this book for the depressing details.
--Alyssa A. Lappen
110 of 119 people found the following review helpful
It Isn't Us; It's ThemMarch 17 2006
- Published on Amazon.com
Bat Yo'er provides an excellent historical overview of the systematic way in which Europe's elite (political, media, university, etc.) has conspired with the Arab world, especially since the Arab oil embargo of 1973. The author points out that Europeans sought to align themselves with the Muslim world for two major reasons - (1) To form a counterbalance to USA influence, and (2) To assure the flow of oil and the availability of Muslim markets for European goods.
In order to initiate this process, the Euro-Arab Dialogue (EAD) was formalized. This agreement was essentially an alliance that would quickly prove to be anti-Israeli, anti-Semitic, anti-American, and anti-Christian.
It appears that when agreement was initiated, Europeans, especially the French, believed they would regain a degree of control over their former colonies. In fact, it appears those colonies, and the Islamic faith that propels them toward "uniting" with Europe, have gained control over Europe. The Islamic colonization of Europe brought with it darkness and foreboding, as Islam robs Europe of its tolerant and pluralistic culture.
For years I wondered why my European relatives spoke more favorably of Islam than Christianity, and supported the "victim" Palestinians over the "oppressive" Israelis. Far from being an accidental consequence of open dabate, their views actually resulted from the conscious decisions made by European elites to allow massive immigration and cultural change. Because of those elite decisions, the citizens of Europe now face a frightening future, where demographic change favors an Islamic conquest of Europe.
Bat Yo'er thoroughly documents the process whereby Europeans have surrendered, or submitted, to the Muslim world. Is it coincidental that Islam means "submission"? Europeans believe, for the most part, that any potential enemy or oppressor can be overcome with dialogue. But through the EAD, they are discovering instead that dialogue is not leading to multiculturalism, but to submission on their part. This submission to the more aggressive culture has already resulted in dhimmitude, where European "infidels" are rendered subservient to the dominant, more aggressive, Muslims.
This book is a wake-up call to all Westerners. Hopefully, for Europe and also for the United States, it is not too late.
76 of 81 people found the following review helpful
Chilling informationAug. 25 2006
- Published on Amazon.com
The first chapter is weak, because the author gives opinions not facts. The remainder of the book is very factual, well researched, well presented.
Europe has been very servile to the Arab world since the oil boycot of 1973. Servile meaning: paying lots of $ for oil, taking an anti-American and anti-Israeli stand, and allowing massive moslim immigration into Europe. The author shows all of this in great and chilling detail.
75 of 82 people found the following review helpful
The reader is provided with an excellent, well written, presentation which investigates how the European Union has allegedly become overtly anti-American and anti-Israel.
Particular emphasis being placed on what is cited as the subversion of the European Union through Islamic hostility, towards what is described as the "Islamization" of the continent.
Attention being drawn to the EU's perceived `need' of the Arab bloc of nations in order that the EU can "establish itself as a strategic rival to America". The reader is presented with a succession of international agreements revealing an inferred European agreement to support the Arab/Islamic world's political aims - particularly its anti-Israel stance - in exchange for favoured treatment in Arab/Islamic world markets.
Indeed, whilst a plethora of related subjects are dealt with, perhaps the core issue revolves around policies, attitudes and politics pertaining to the Arab/Palestinian - Israeli issue.
The book discusses how the EU has made Israel the `cornerstone' of it's relations with the Arab world and the US - and even matters pertaining to the continent's own security. What is adjudged in this work to be the resulting "Euro-Arab Judeophobia" is alleged to have permeated virtually all levels of West European society.
Many questions are asked from the outset, that investigate such issues as the decision of the European Union to propose a constitution that renounces and denies it's Judeo-Christian roots.
Not least of the issues dealt with is how the EU's perceived relations with the Arab/Islamic world have allegedly permitted the `dismissal' of what is described as a "voluminous historical record of violations" to enable the EU to engagement in fruitful business and diplomatic ventures with what are termed "dictatorial regimes".
The book in essence discusses what is described as a creeping `Islamicization' of a "decadent European Christendom", where there is cited to have been a considerable shifting of European attitudes and politics into the Arab-Islamic sphere of influence. Such being purportedly based upon a repeated policy of appeasement, accommodation, and cultural abdication before Islam which has allegedly been embraced with the intention of isolating Israel.
EU involvement in the Middle East is discussed in the context of how there appears to follow a "well established pattern" whereby - to begin with - no interest is purportedly shown in calling on the Palestinian side to refrain from killing Israeli civilians and - secondly - the EU allegedly demonstrates no sympathy for the humanitarian and economic plight of Israeli civilians suffering from terrorism. The EU allegedly, instead, devoting itself to pronouncing extreme concern over the humanitarian situation in the "West Bank" and Gaza - but not in relation to the plight of the Israelis themselves. (Page 258).
Some analysis is also given to the alleged effect that such EU/Arab alliances have had upon the religious realm, under the title of "Palestinianism", which has allegedly distorted the Biblical/Jewish roots of Scripture into a perceived "moral justification" for the elimination of the State of Israel. (Chapter 14). A political and religious framework being demonstrated that allegedly "demonizes" the Jews and discredits/undermines the Jewish roots of Christianity.
Such pertinent issues being discussed are the place of "Palestinian Liberation Theology" & "Replacement Theology" within some elements of the professing Church today. Reference also being made as to how Palestinian politics and Christian theology have allegedly become inextricably linked in the Middle East. The effects that such have had upon the prevailing Islamic-Christian-Jewish relations in the region and the West itself are also examined.
Many readers will undoubtedly disagree with the views of the writer and find many of these issues to be extremely contentious. However, to each question asked, an analysis is provided, with due reference to evidence which demands a verdict in itself.
This is an absolute "must read" and will provide a ready explanation to those readers living in the EU, who find themselves becoming increasingly concerned with the issues discussed in this excellent work.