9 of 11 people found the following review helpful
- Published on Amazon.com
First, the math: if you can handle integers 1, 2, 3, and 4, and can deal with 'greater than' and 'less than' relationships, you've got all you need. "I'm not a math person" is no excuse. Second, the relevance: Brams touches on examples from Samson and Delilah, to the Nixon tapes, to Macbeth, to Abraham and the Old Testament god, to the American civil war, to Catch-22. Just about every interaction between to two agents, each seeking benefits of their own, can be phrased in these terms.
Most importantly: why bother? I mean, literary analysis has been doing quite nicely all these years without it. And doesn't all that mathy stuff deaden the real emotional impact of a story? Absolutely not. Personal drives, motivations, and goals form the critical inputs to these analyses. This offers a framework for playing one actor's urges and preferred outcomes against the other's. There's no assumption of an economist's insanely rational agent acting with perfect knowledge, just real people (or other beings) with things they want and things they want not to have happen. Then with just a little thought about each character's available options and desired results, this analytic framework shows why the two interact as they do. It shows how each can change their interaction, and whether they should. If you've ever had the feeling that some fictional characters just aren't behaving realistically, this can show why. Or, if a character acts in unexpected ways, game theory can suggest where to look to see what the reader has missed in undestanding the motivations. And, since we're dealing with basically subjective feelings, preferences, and choices, game theory offers a range of alternative analyses. Once you see how the characters stand, relative to each other, you can try out different ideas about their motivations until you come up with an understanding that explains the action as it stands. Even threats and bribes fall neatly into the basic framework.
Human (and other) interactions hold endless complexity. Each one has its outcome, though, or evolving series of outcomes. And, at a high enough level, there are only so many broad categories of outcomes. Putting a name to that outcome does nothing to reduce its drama, joy, or pain. Instead, it can deepen a reader's appreciation of how it came about, and what made that outcome inevitable (if it was). Rational thought and real feeling aren't opposites. This book shows how rigorous logic can help in understanding unique personalities and how they work together - or don't.
4 of 4 people found the following review helpful
E. M. Van Court
- Published on Amazon.com
Steven Brams work is a collection of analyses of various literary and historical subjects. I have to admire his audacity for applying game theory models to Biblical stories, like Abraham's sacrifice, and Moses' decisions after coming down from the mount. He does apply game theory to more traditional activities like jury selection and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
While Brams asserts that he is illuminating game theory (a worthy endeavour), I think it is more accurate to say that he is dissecting and analyzing the humanities with a novel scapel; game theory. Taken this way, the book actually works much better for me. While on dubious theological ground, the interpretation of Old Testament stories through game theory was both entertaining and enlightening, and possibly heretical (not that there is anything wrong with that).
While this book is not the first book on game theory you should read, it would be an excellent second book on game theory, as it provides interesting and unconventional applications of game theory. While I despise LitCrit, this is the most tolerable literary analysis I have ever read. I can but hope that this catches on among English departments, but, sadly, the folks who write LitCrit tend not to apply themselves to such rigorous and structured disciplines as game theory.
E. M. Van Court