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Hitler 1936 To 1945 Nemesis Paperback – Dec 12 2012


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Product Details

  • Paperback: 1210 pages
  • Publisher: WW Norton; Reprint edition (Dec 12 2012)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0393322521
  • ISBN-13: 978-0393322521
  • Product Dimensions: 1.5 x 0.4 x 2.3 cm
  • Shipping Weight: 953 g
  • Average Customer Review: 4.1 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (39 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #1,129,479 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

Product Description

From Amazon

George VI thought him a "damnable villain," and Neville Chamberlain found him not quite a gentleman; but, to the rest of the world, Adolf Hitler has come to personify modern evil to such an extent that his biographers always have faced an unenviable task. The two more renowned biographies of Hitler--by Joachim C. Fest ( Hitler) and by Alan Bullock ( Hitler: A Study in Tyranny)--painted a picture of individual tyranny which, in the words of A.J.P. Taylor, left Hitler guilty and every other German innocent. Decades of scholarship on German society under the Nazis have made that verdict look dubious; so, the modern biographer of Hitler must account both for his terrible mindset and his charismatic appeal. In the second and final volume of his mammoth biography of Hitler--which covers the climax of Nazi power, the reclamation of German-speaking Europe, and the horrific unfolding of the final solution in Poland and Russia--Ian Kershaw manages to achieve both of these tasks. Continuing where Hitler: Hubris 1889-1936 left off, the epic Hitler: Nemesis 1937-1945 takes the reader from the adulation and hysteria of Hitler's electoral victory in 1936 to the obsessive and remote "bunker" mentality that enveloped the Führer as Operation Barbarossa (the attack on Russia in 1942) proved the beginning of the end. Chilling, yet objective. A definitive work. --Miles Taylor --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

From Booklist

At the conclusion of Kershaw's Hitler, 1889-1936: Hubris (1999), the Rhineland had been remilitarized, domestic opposition crushed, and Jews virtually outlawed. What the genuinely popular leader of Germany would do with his unchallenged power, the world knows and recoils from. The historian's duty, superbly discharged by Kershaw, is to analyze how and why Hitler was able to ignite a world war, commit the most heinous crime in history, and throw his country into the abyss of total destruction. He didn't do it alone. Although Hitler's twin goals of expelling Jews and acquiring "living space" for other Germans were hardly secret, "achieving" them did not proceed according to a blueprint, as near as Kershaw can ascertain. However long Hitler had cherished launching an all-out war against the Jews and against Soviet Russia, as he did in 1941, it was only conceivable as reality following a tortuous series of events of increasing radicality, in both foreign and domestic politics. At each point, whether haranguing a mass audience or a small meeting of military officers, the demagogue had to and did persuade his listeners that his course of action was the only one possible. Acquiescence to aggression and genocide was further abetted by the narcotic effect of the "Hitler myth," the propagandized image of the infallible leader as national savior, which produced a force for radicalization parallel to Hitler's personal murderous fanaticism; the motto of the time called it "working towards the Fuhrer." Underlings in competition with each other would do what they thought Hitler wanted, as occurred with aspects of organizing the Final Solution. Kershaw's narrative connecting this analysis gives outstanding evidence that he commands and understands the source material, producing this magisterial scholarship that will endure for decades. Gilbert Taylor
Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

Customer Reviews

4.1 out of 5 stars

Most helpful customer reviews

3 of 3 people found the following review helpful By R. A Forczyk on Jan. 31 2001
Format: Hardcover
Ian Kershaw, an English historian and academic, has written the second volume of his biography of the Nazi Dictator. Unfortunately, it is hard to see what this book adds to our knowledge of Hitler that was not already presented in previous accounts by Bullock, Toland, Fest, Keegan and Flood. Kershaw's account relies heavily on Josef Goebbel's diary and the post-war accounts of other close Hitler cronies; unfortunately their self-serving and self-deceptive views do not clarify Hitler, they obscure him.
However the biggest flaw of this account is the subtle but pervasive bias throughout. Kershaw states up front that he detests Hitler but is obviously fascinated by his career. Later, Kershaw concludes that Hitler was "an ill-educated beerhall demagogue and racist bigot". While true, it is an incomplete description. Yet for Kershaw it is enough and he uses this account to paint a portrait of Hitler almost as a self-destructive fool who was incapable of seeing reality. Not only Hitler, but the Third Reich, the Whermacht itself, most of the generals and even the German people seem pretty incapable and fatalistic here.
Nowhere is Kershaw's account more biased than in his account of wartime operations. German successes are minimized, the campaigns in Poland, France, Norway and the Balkans get one page or less each. Kershaw attempts to chide the German Navy by stating that the cruiser Blucher was sunk "by a single shell from an ancient coastal battery". In fact, the cruiser was hit by two 11", thirteen 6", thirty 57mm shells and two torpedoes and despite this loss, the Germans still took Oslo. On the other hand, Allied disasters are totally ignored.
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Format: Hardcover
This review is about both "Hubris" and "Nemesis" as no sane person would attempt reading the second without reading the first.
This book has it all. Ian Kershaw approaches the subject from a scholarly perspective, but although you have to suffer from at times somewhat too scientific forms of expression, his narrative talents, and especially his vocabulary, are excellent. His use of the British English is masterly. But on the whole, the scholarly approach is beneficial, enabling Kershaw to ask the right questions about Hitler, his rise to power and his finally complete and utter domination of the German Reich, and also to provide us with the right answers. The conclusions are very well-founded, and convincingly supported by the facts in the book.
This is not to say that this book will never be superseded. New research will inevitably reveal new and interesting interpretations of the Hitler issue and some day there will be enough new material and enough of new analyses, to enable us to draw partially new conclusions about Hitler, his life and his role in history. However, it is very difficult to view this book as merely another part of an ongoing scholarly debate, some day to be proved wrong by superior evidence. Rather, this is a reference work about Hitler. The text of the two books, complete with abbreviations, notes, literature and register spans nearly 2,000 pages. It is in that perspective this book should be viewed: a huge, enormous chronicle over Hitler's life and deeds.
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Format: Hardcover
Was he great? asked Joachim Fest in his own Hitler biography. Fest allowed Hitler a 'botched greatness', a sort of monstrous parody of what we expect greatness to be. Other writers have given depth to this portrayal - John Keegan called Hitler's leadership style 'False Heroic', in contrast to the 'Heroic' Alexander the Great, the 'Unheroic' Welllington and the 'Anti-Heroic' Ulysses S. Grant.
As far as I can see Kershaw does not contradict the Bullock or Fest biographies, rather he complements them, and further explains the malignant 'working towards the Fuhrer' by which Hitler's will rather than his spoken orders were carried out. Kershasw gives an in-depth description of the chaotic Third Reich in which Hitler became the spider in a vast web of intrigue, in-fighting and betrayal. Out of this nexus grew the Final Solution and the Second World War, two of the most fateful events that ever befell the human race.
Kershaw has been critised in not giving more credence to Hitler's 'military genius'. It has been pointed out that the portrait of 'Hitler the military blunderer' is a self serving one painted by his generals who liked to talk as if they were prevented from winning the war by the mistakes of a rank amateur.
True, Hitler was not the clumsy blunderer of legend who by accident won a war against France, and by sheer guile almost pulled off the defeat of the Soviet Union. Yet, his successes can also be exaggerated. While there will always be arguments about the success (or otherwise) of Barbarossa, yet by Christmas 1941, it was clear that Barbarossa has been no more successful than the Schlieffen Plan of 1914. Yet Germany persisted in the same course as it had then, struggling against lengthening odds until final defeat.
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