The author acknowledges that this material was originally a doctorate thesis. Although she says that it received extensive revision, it still reads like a thesis. Like many theses in the humanities, the researcher has started with a hypothesis and collected a critical mass of facts supporting that hypothesis. "Many Tender Ties" sets out to show that Indian women who married white men, and the female children and grandchildren of those unions, played an important role in Western Canada's fur-trade era. Because few of these women kept personal records, the research relies heavily on the journals, letters, and records kept by men of the time and place. The author feels that Indian women gained significantly from trade with the whites, perhaps more than Indian men. Awls, kettles, needles, beads, thread, and cloth all made life easier for women compared to Indian culture prior to European contact. Further, when an Indian woman married a white fur trader, especially an important one, she often gained prestige in both the Indian and the white cultures and she may have found her daily workload diminished. These Indian or mixed-blood women frequently served as a liaison and facilitator of economic and social issues between the whites and the Indians. Since there weren't clergy available, these unions were usually "after the custom of the country." Although some white men considered the unions to be a matter of convenience only, a great many lasted for a lifetime and resulted in numerous offspring. During the initial generations of the fur trade, the whites usually treated the unions as the equivalent of marriage and the women involved had a respectable social status. Problems occurred later as clergy came to the fur trade posts and declared the marriages illicit, the women concubines, and the children illegitimate. Further, as the fur traders brought white women to the posts, the white women reinforced the English, class-based society that the rigors of the fur-trade had muted. Racism intensified. Thus, the status of the Indian and mixed-blood women suffered severely due to the influence of the clergy and the white women. The author sums up the result by saying that "prejudiced gained hold to such an extent that [the] potential for racial integration was lost."