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Mind Wars: Brain Science and the Military in the 21st Century [Paperback]

Jonathan D. Moreno

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Book Description

May 1 2012 193413743X 978-1934137437 Reprint

“One of the most important thinkers describes the literally mind-boggling possibilities that modern brain science could present for national security.” —LAWRENCE J. KORB, former US Assistant Secretary of Defense

“Fascinating and frightening.” —Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

The first book of its kind, Mind Wars covers the ethical dilemmas and bizarre history of cutting-edge technology and neuroscience developed for military applications. As the author discusses the innovative Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the role of the intelligence community and countless university science departments in preparing the military and intelligence services for the twenty-first century, he also charts the future of national security.

Fully updated and revised, this edition features new material on deep brain stimulation, neuro hormones, and enhanced interrogation. With in-depth discussions of “psyops” mind control experiments, drugs that erase both fear and the need to sleep, microchip brain implants and advanced prosthetics, supersoldiers and robot armies, Mind Wars may read like science fiction or the latest conspiracy thriller, but its subjects are very real and changing the course of modern warfare.

Jonathan D. Moreno has been a senior staff member for three presidential advisory commissions and has served on a number of Pentagon advisory committees. He is an ethics professor at the University of Pennsylvania and the editor-in-chief of the Center for American Progress’ online magazine Science Progress.



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Review

“There has been virtually no debate on the ethical questions raised by the brave new brain technologies. . . . The time to speak up is before the genie is out of the bottle.” —Wall Street Journal

“Quietly provocative . . . Moreno takes an evenhanded, thorough look at how deeply the intelligence and defense communities are involved in many of those advances and the mindfields that might lie ahead.” —Cleveland Plain Dealer

“Even-handed and thought-provoking. [Mind Wars] is very readable, and easily accessible to people without a background in neuroscience.” —Neurophilosophy at the Guardian

“An exhilarating and anxiety-provoking whirlwind tour of recent developments in neuroscience that possess defense or national security potential . . . groundbreaking.” —American Journal of Bioethics (AJOB)

“More than a serious work of public policy, the volume is a son’s quest to understand the work of his psychiatrist father, who pioneered lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) experiments in the 1960s . . . Moreno deserves credit for having the courage to go where no bioethicist has gone before. His philosophical forays into mind-brain questions are learned, and his narrative about the rise of big science and the “garrison state” represents a provocative historical synthesis. . . . Mind Wars is not the last word on this fascinating, frightening, and potentially transformative corner of neuroscience and neuroethics. But it is the first.” —Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)

“A fascinating and sometimes unsettling book. . . . Any academic involvement in military research presents an ethical dilemma, and Moreno’s exploration of this theme is one of the most interesting aspects of the book.” —Nature

“The world we encounter in Mind Wars is like the world in [Philip K.] Dick’s A Scanner Darkly.” —Conspiracy Times

“Crisply written . . . praiseworthy.” —Publishers Weekly

“Renowned bioethics authority Moreno travels to the nexus of brain science, engineering, and national security to explore the connections between neuroscience research and national defense agencies. . . . Given the topic’s provocative nature, this is recommended for all science and bioethics collections.” —Library Journal

“Raises serious social and policy questions . . . deserves a wide readership.” —CHOICE

“This will certainly be the source book on the ways in which neurobiology may rewrite the rules of warfare, spying and intelligence collection in the twenty-first century.” —ARTHUR L. CAPLAN, Director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania

“Few people ever think about brain research as a national security discipline. This intriguing and provocative book lays out how neurotechnologies for brain analysis, repair and enhancement can be multi-purpose and serve both good and nefarious functions.” —ALAN I. LESHNER, Ph.D., American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) CEO and Science Executive Publisher

“Fascinating, clear-headed, optimistic, and lucidly written, Mind Wars makes a compelling yet nuanced case for scientific progress in the area of neurology enhancement and for the transparent collaboration of the academy and the military.” —SALLY SATEL, M.D., author of PC, M.D.: How Political Correctness Is Corrupting Medicine and Resident Scholar at American Enterprise Institute

About the Author

Jonathan D. Moreno has been a senior staff member for three presidential advisory commissions and has served on a number of Pentagon advisory committees. He is the author and editor of many seminal books, including Mind Wars: Brain Science and the Military in the 21st Century and The Body Politic: The Battle Over Science in America, a Kirkus Reviews Best Book of the Year. Called the “most interesting bioethicist of our time” by the American Journal of Bioethics, Moreno is currently the David and Lyn Silfen University Professor at the University of Pennsylvania and the editor-in-chief for the Center for American Progress’ online magazine, Science Progress.

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Amazon.com: 4.6 out of 5 stars  5 reviews
2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Applied neuroscience minus the hype and fantasy Nov. 7 2013
By jennifer67 - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
Well researched and clearly written by an expert. Provides a unique look into actual application of the latest findings in neuroscience without all the unrealistic hype and fantasy. Also, the best treatment of ethical considerations in neuroscience. Don't let the hokey name and cover illustration throw you off.
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
3.0 out of 5 stars The Development of Brain Technology July 15 2014
By JDSredhead - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
This book is very well written and covers the ethical considerations and dual use of brain science research. It is a must read for any lay man interested in this technology. It covers only vaguely the research that was being done and was written several years ago. So much of the current research is surely covered by National Security secrecy that the specifics of today's work is not mentioned but I am certain it has advanced much further than the book covers. It gives a look at possibilities of brain technology both for future military and civilian application.
Judy Serreze
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Excellent book! Feb. 7 2014
By lilcreative - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
I too recently took a ''neuro-ethics'' course with the author, and I wasn't required to purchase this book - I did so because the material in the course was utterly engrossing and I wanted more, more, more. This book did not disappoint. Open your eyes and mind, and start thinking more fully about where the world has been and where it is headed - something we all need to do. Highly recommended!
5.0 out of 5 stars An Eye Opener Jan. 14 2014
By Carol j Montgomery-Taylor - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
I have recently finished a "neuro-ethics" course instructed by the author of this book. I was not required to purchase this or any other book written by Dr. Moreno, but my curiosity got the better of me. I like to see how my instructors think so I purchased this book and another, "The Body Politic". Even with my vast knowledge of the military and some of the things they (collectively the military) do, experiment with, and subject our soldiers to, I was surprised to say the least. If anybody remembers "LOST," the TV series, you will recognize that the DARMA name and its' mission correlates nicely with DARPA, its' mission, and the types of work they actually perform, to include medicating our pilots on long-haul flights to keep them awake. "Mind Wars" lives up to its' name and "The Body Politic," while on a slightly different track, are well worth the read.
0 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars The NSA will someday read and control all our minds, and there's nothing we can do, because we won't know it. Jan. 25 2014
By B. Crosby - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
Most Americans have never heard of DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) which is a major source of science funding. DARPA also gave us the Internet and pioneered the research that gave us computer-interface windows, Siri, GPS, stealth fighters, and drones. DARPA has also been behind much of psychological research and its advances since the 50's spurred by fears that Communist brainwashing indicated we were lagging in psychological warfare research. What's next? Robotic exoskeletons that can carry 200 lb loads while sprinting 20 km. Soldiers piloting drones not with their hands but directly with their thoughts. Transcranial pulsed ultrasound helmets that stimulate alertness, reduce stress, and enhance cognition and memory. Special forces and drone pilots already use amphetamines to stay awake on multi-day missions. "DARPA's project Cognitive Technology Threat Warning System seeks to use technology ... to monitor and alert a warfighter to his own neural recognition of danger before he consciously perceives it." I read another book that claims that freewill is an illusion because we become aware of our thoughts half-a-second AFTER they occur. Ultimately, DARPA wants to be able to read minds and alter your behavior remotely like they did in a primitive fashion in the video below with cats and bulls.

I read the first edition of this book a few years back, and I didn’t finish it, because I met a dude overseas who worked in military intelligence, and I thought he’d be interested in it. It’s sort of fortunate that I didn’t finish it, because the 2012 update (initially published in 2006) includes a lot of new technological advances. Yes, I just noticed that was a six-year difference. There’s some book out there that says everything you know now will be changed and revised in like 20 years or something. It seems the cycles getting faster and faster, and maybe you do have to keep reading book updates or non-fiction writers should constantly write updates. Stephen Hawking just comes up with new books every few years. I remember reading this book the first time and being astonished at how the military basically funded most psychological research in America. “In the early 1950s, nearly all federal funding for social science came from the military…” and the CIA found ways of setting up dummy foundations that gave grants to other foundations to get research done without the researcher knowing they were working for the CIA basically. But the author, an ethicist and prominent name in neuroscience ethics, argues that the current system of the military funding open university studies is better than what the Soviets did, and that was set up their own research facilities in complete secrecy with no public accountability. While public research has its security breaches and malevolent people can abuse the research, it still beats a secret system. The author brings up the interesting point of how advances in mind control and mind reading and all the other neuro-weapons like gene-modification and anthrax can turn against us pretty quickly, but what is the best alternative? Create a global moratorium on all neuroscience research that can possibly be weaponized? First of all, how could you define that? Finding a cure for diseases, you will create technology that will enable people to create even more lethal diseases and diseases resistant to new cures. Second, even if most nations complied, if some rogue nation didn’t or some rogue group, why let them get ahead of everyone else? Weapons technology simply cannot be stopped. When someone creates a better defensive weapon in self-defense, someone has to create a better offensive weapon to defeat it. So good intention does stimulate more bad intentions.

Of course, this brings us to the human limitation dilemma. We’re designed through millions of years of evolution to thrive in the wild hunting and gathering. Our brains, our culture, our physiology, our psychology, our minds are not equipped to handle the exponential explosion of technology. Our rudimentary ethical system is designed to keep peace between individuals and tribes not nations and technology. The true problem I see is not inventing some rogue disease with no cure that will wipe out billions of us, the true problem is inventing an artificially intelligent being smart enough to override its principal programming (of protecting and serving humans) and deciding, perhaps intelligently that humans are a horrible evolutionary mistake and should be controlled not allowed to roam free and destroy the planet and other planets for that matter. But then again, is that a problem? However, what if that artificially intelligent being thinks like a human and decides to enslave us instead? It would be so smart, we wouldn’t even know it. In fact, we’d all be made to forget we ever created it. Fact is, while the future tends to resemble the past, our technological advances are creating things the world has never seen ever before, and current evidence suggests that we are doing a s***ty job adapting to new technology which we are using to harm our health and the health of our habitat. Perhaps, the only reasonable way we can survive is by submitting ourselves to the authority of a smarter artificially intelligent being that can ensure that we do not destroy ourselves and everything we touch.

In the first, book, I thought the author covered more of the abuses of earlier US experiments on prisoners, soldiers, even unsuspecting civilians like the Unabomber. While you can’t blame his tormenting psychological experiments as the cause of his terrorism, you certainly can’t exclude it as a major contributing factor toward his mental decline. I’d like to think the government is more accountable today, but then we have the NSA, Guantanamo, water-boarding, Abu Ghraib, and while the author says there is no secret government research programs, you have to laugh. The Stealth program was a secret for a long time, so there is no doubt there are secret neuroscience programs we have never heard of and perhaps the author has never heard of or has and is unwilling to talk about it for fear of losing government favor. So fact, is we’re probably going to get screwed in the end by government one way or another. If you think the government reading all your texts and emails is bad, just imagine a government that can read your mind. It’s not speculative. It’s just a matter of when.

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