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On Education [Paperback]

Harry Brighouse
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
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Book Description

Dec 15 2005 0415327903 978-0415327909 1

What is education for? Should it produce workers or educate future citizens? Is there a place for faith schools - and should patriotism be taught?

In this compelling and controversial book, Harry Brighouse takes on all these urgent questions and more. He argues that children share four fundamental interests: the ability to make their own judgements about what values to adopt; acquiring the skills that will enable them to become economically self-sufficient as adults; being exposed to a range of activities and experiences that will enable them to flourish in their personal lives; and developing a sense of justice.

He criticises sharply those who place the interests of the economy before those of children, and assesses the arguments for and against the controversial issues of faith schools and the teaching of patriotism.

Clearly argued but provocative, On Education draws on recent examples from Britain and North America as well as famous thinkers on education such as Aristotle and John Locke. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the present state of education and its future.


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Review

'a rare example of a philosophical discourse with a direct relevance to contemporary policymaking...If forthcoming debates about education policy do not draw heavily on what he has to say here, then they will be severely impoverished' Julian Baggini, Times Educational Supplement

'Clearheaded, acutely perceptive, and utterly lucid, this is the one book about education which everyone can and should make time to read.'  - Randall Curren, University of Rochester, USA

'This is a clearly structured and thought-out book…It’s polemical but also introduces the reader to key arguments and issues.' - Stephen Law, Royal Institute of Philosophy

About the Author

Harry Brighouse is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is a well-known authority on the philosophy of education and is a regular columnist in the Times Education Supplement. He is the author of Social Choice and Social Justice.


Inside This Book (Learn More)
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Front Cover | Copyright | Table of Contents | Excerpt | Index
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4.0 out of 5 stars Interesting read Feb. 17 2014
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
I bought this as a required reading for an Education course, but I will keep it afterwards because it is a very interesting read. Brighouse brings up some good points on how the current education system is failing students, but he doesn't provide many practical examples of what can be done - he mostly comes at the issue from a theoretical perspective. At times, it can be difficult to read, but overall it's pretty good.
If you are a teacher, studying to become a teacher, or simply interested in Education, I would suggest this book. It's short (about the size of a novela) and has some good points to consider.
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Amazon.com: 4.8 out of 5 stars  6 reviews
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Education for Human Flourishing Jan. 25 2010
By Kevin Currie-Knight - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition
As part of the "Thinking in Action" series, educational philosopher Harry Brighouse has written this brief, thoughtful book on education. Section 1 is devoted to the larger abstract question of why we educate. The second section is devoted to specific curricular questions like whether the state should make citizenship education compulsory or should allow religion in schools.

Brighouse's central premise is that the primary reason to educate is to provide students with the tools they need to flourish. In order to flourish, one needs to be (relatively) autonomous in ability to think and decide one's courses of action. Thus, a primary goal of schooling should be to equip students with the skills and knowledge they will need to be autonomous, including exposure to ways of life different than their own. Brighouse uses this idea to justify state intervention in compelling parents not to send children to overly sectarian schools. We owe it to future adults to give them those skills that will allow them to be autonomous, and allowing them to be educated in insular schools, where only one way of life is talked about, threatens that future autonomy.

I have to pause on this point because while I can see its merit, I can also see that it ignores the already-existing autonomy of parents to educate their children (whom they are legally responsible for) the way they choose. Brighouse's suggestion that we disallow parents to send children to insular schools (in the name of future autonomy) can only be done by violating the already-existing autonomy of parents. It also sees the state's vision for children as more important than parents' vision. I think the issue is simply more nuanced than Brighouse's argument suggests.

Brighouse is also very vocal in insisting that, while it is legitimate to prepare students to be workers by teaching them labor skills, this should not be the primary motive for education. Further, Brighouse warns against educating kids to fit the economy ("We need more scientists, so let's have more science classes."), and would rather teach kids a broad variety of employment skills so that they can be autonomous and choose their own employment path. Historically, policy makers have often let economic demands influence curricular decisions, but as Brighouse rightly points out (a) steering students towards certain careers takes away their autonomy, and (b) we simply cannot know what careers will be in demand or necessary in the future. Thus, it is better to give students a broad exposure to different career paths and teach them skills they can apply to many different careers.

The second section of the book focuses on the questions of whether to allow religion and citizenship education in schools, and whether schools should teach patriotism. Here, Brighouse again uses autonomy as a measure. Anything that runs the risk of endorsing certain opinions over others runs the risk of reducing student autonomy. Teaching patriotism (especially at an early age where students may be less critical) may diminish the students' ability to decide their allegiances for themselves, and may even paradoxically lead the student to resent their country as the student may later decide that they recieved spin, rather than education.

As far as religion goes, Brighouse is also more tolerant than many in the US about religion being allowed in school, so long as the school itself doesn't endorse a position on religious doctrines. In other words, one could have a comparative religion class and allow students to bring religious speech or attire into school. And doing so will increase student autonomy by exposing students to a variety of ways of life. We must take care, though, that schools not endorse or condemn religious doctrines themselves.

One of my concerns, though, is that while Brighouse wants schools to remain neutral on matters of how to live, Brighouse seems not to realize (or have room to deal with) how complex such a feat is. First, young children may well have to be taught some degree of how to live (by, say, teachers reminding students to be nice to students of other religions and skin colors).This is a situation where it is necessary and proper for schools to take a stand on how to live.

Second, Brighouse himself suggests several times that schools should support a more-or-less anti-consumerist ethos and while I am not sure he realizes it, this would mean that schools are condemning one way to live and endorsing another. In some sense, schools have to endorse certain ways of life over others (as a teacher, I discouraged my students from being gang members and saw this as justified). And sometimes, neutrality on matters of how to live are construed as endorsements (to religious folk, schools' not endoring one holy book over another will be seen as taking sides). All of this is to say that "On Education" could have done with about fifty more pages where these murky waters could have been explored more.

All in all, it is hard to find fault with Brighouse's defense of education-as-equipping-for-autonomy. For such a short book, Brighouse does a great job framing the issues and arguing for his positions. I do wish the book was longer because I think some issues Brighouse tackles are more complicated and nuanced than this book allows. I would still reccomend this book to those interested in where philosophy can be applied to pressing educational issues of the day.
3 of 4 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars What is education for? April 27 2006
By D. Donovan, Editor/Sr. Reviewer - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback
What is education for, should it produce workers or educated citizens, and what are some of the problems and promises inherent in the modern American educational system? Any studying education will want to think about the ideas in ON EDUCATION: it criticizes those who would view it as a purely economic training endeavor, assesses arguments on controversial teaching topics such as religion or sexuality, and uses examples from both Britain and North America to survey the state and nature of the modern Western educational system.
5.0 out of 5 stars For a class Feb. 17 2014
By Jack - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
I ordered this for a class. The book arrived very quickly. This was also one of the better priced options when I searched Amazon.
5.0 out of 5 stars Intriguing perspectives for contemplation July 17 2013
By K. Mcgarry - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
Good insight and ideas on what education could be like if we wanted to make change work. Would recommend book for all educators and pre service education students to open their minds to possible ways to look at a teaching model of possibility.
1 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars From a British Point of View. . . Jan. 19 2013
By brensgrrl - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
Sometimes we in the US cannot see the forest for the trees when it comes to our educational system. Brighouse seems to wade through some of the nonsense in a commonsense way.
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