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Organizational Behavior in Education: Adaptive Leadership and School Reform [Hardcover]

Robert E. Owens , Thomas C. Valesky
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Table of Contents

Each chapter concludes with “Conclusion,”“Working on Your Game Plan,” and “Suggested Reading.”

Preface.

1. In Search of a Paradigm.

Learning Objectives.

Assumptions, Beliefs, Behaviors.

Modernist and Structuralist Thought.

Post Modernism and Post Structuralism.

The Nature of Scientific Progress.

Psychology.

Behaviorism.

Psychoanalytic Psychology.

Cognitive Psychology.

Social Psychology.

Sociological and Psychological Points of View.

The Relevance of School Leadership Today.

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.

Research Methods in Education.

Leadership as Coaching.

The Game Plan.


2. Toward a Theory of Practice.

Learning Objectives.

Two Principal Sources of Conflict.

The “Great Debate:” Traditional versus Progressive Education.

The Beginnings of the Great Educational Debate.

The Backlash of the 1950s.

The Neoprogressives Emerge in the 1960s.

The Contemporary Debate on Schooling.

A Paradigm Shift in Education.

A Passion for Equality.

The Traditional Paradigm of Intelligence.

The Bell Curve.

A New Paradigm of Intelligence or the Lake Wobegon Syndrome.

Multiple Intelligences Theory.

Gardners Multiple Intelligence Theory (MIT).

Perkins Learnable Intelligence Theory.

Smart Schools.

The Debate Continues.

The National “Summit Meetings” on Educational Standards.

Theory of Action.

Theory of Practice.

The Game Plan: A Coaching Metaphor.


3. Mainstreams of Organizational Thought.

Learning Objectives.

Organizational Behavior.

Organization and Behavior.

Why Study Organizational Behavior?

Why Study the History of Organizational Behavior?

Why Study Theory?

Public Administration as a Beginning.

Impact of the Industrial Revolution.

Frederick W. Taylor and Scientific Management.

The Beginning of Modern Organizational Theory.

Emergence of Bureaucratic Organizational Theory.

The Rise of Classical Organizational Theory.

Scientific Management versus Classical Organizational Theory.

Organizational Concepts of Classical Theory.

The Ideas of Mary Parker Follett.

Classical and Neoclassical Administrative Concepts.

The Human Relations Movement.

The Western Electric Studies.

The Organizational Theory Movement.

Human Relations and Organizational Behavior.


4. Organizational Theory in the Modern Period.

Learning Objectives.

Organizational Theory.

Theory Defined and Described.

Two Major Perspectives on Educational Organizations.

Bureaucratic Views.

Human Resources Development Views.

Theory X and Theory Y.

Organizational Structure and People.

General Systems Theory.

Basic Concepts of System.

Social Systems Theory.

A Contextual Approach.

Role Theory.

Functional Roles in a Group.

Role Related to Social Systems Theory.

Equilibrium.

Homeostasis.

Feedback.

Sociotechnical Systems Theory.

Contingency Theory.

Rational Planning Models.

Open System Related to Contingency Theory.

Response to Technological Change.

Interactions with External Environment.

Contingency Theory and Organizational Behavior in Schools.


5. The Human Dimension of Organization.

Learning Objectives.

Reconceptualizing the Nature of Organizations.

A New Paradigm of Organizational Theory.

Rise in Qualitative Research Methods.

Educational Organizations as Loosely Coupled Systems.

Educational Organizations as Dual Systems.

Building Human Capital.

Human Resources as Assets.

Organizational Culture as a Bearer of Authority.

Five Basic Assumptions of Effective Schools.

Turmoil in School Reform.

Three Approaches to School Reform.


6. Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate.

Learning Objectives.

Human Resources Development.

Defining and Describing Organizational Culture and Climate.

Research on Organizational Culture.

Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate Compared and Contrasted.

How Organizational Culture Is Created.

Symbolism and Culture.

Organizational Climate.

The Affective Aspects of Culture and Climate.

Multiple Cultures.

How Organizational Climate Is Created.

Group Norms.

Person-Environment Interaction.

Concept of Behavior Settings.

Describing and Assessing Organizational Culture in Schools.

Relationship Between Organizational Culture and Organizational Effectiveness.

Cause and Effect.

The Problem of Measuring School Effectiveness.

Describing and Assessing Organizational Climate in Schools.

Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ).

Organizational Climate Index (OCI).

Four Management Systems.


7. Organizational Change.

Learning Objectives.

School Reform and Change.

Power Relat...

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