Perverse Cities: Hidden Subsidies, Wonky Policy, and Urban Sprawl Paperback – Mar 29 2011
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Analytical and detailed in its approach and consistently daring in challenging accepted views of the causes of and solutions for urban sprawl. -- Donner Prize Jury
This highly practical book will give urban policy makers a better understanding of the implications of a number of tools available to them. It is a welcome addition to the debate over the use of regulatory policy as opposed to tax/subsidy measures to address land use issues and outcomes..(David Amborski, Professor, School of Urban and Regional Planning, Ryerson University) See all Product Description
Top Customer Reviews
The definition of sprawl in this book is an inefficient development pattern. I think this is a good way to redefine the anti-sprawl movement. By focusing on the costs and inefficiencies of sprawl, and the bad policies that contribute to it, anti-sprawl advocates can avoid being labeled as elitist, urbanite social engineers. Blais' examples of market distortion are insightful and interesting. Some are more convincing than others. It is easy to see how development charges, for example, can be changed so that infill development becomes more economically rational than more sprawl on greenfields. Her examples based on utilities are less convincing.
Blais does not attempt to draw a picture of what communities might look like if they adopt her recommendations. Perhaps this is by design. She states that single family dwellings would still be possible even in the face of actions to rationalize development costs and thereby prevent sprawl. Yet she does not leave me convinced that distortionary policy is the only factor behind sprawl. In fast-growing communities, inner-city housing is often not available to growing families because of the high cost of the desirable real estate. It does not matter whether the housing is infill or existing older housing. Therefore many young families must locate in more distant areas. It's not clear whether this would be changed after implementing Blais' ideas.Read more ›
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Blais's strongest example is the development charges (also known as "impact fees") that North American charge for new development. These fees force developers to pay some of the costs associated with new development, such as the costs of new roads and sewer networks. But these charges are equal for urban and suburban locations, even though development in newly developing areas often requires more new infrastructure, and thus cost taxpayers more, than more intense development in areas that already have roads and sewers. Thus, location-neutral development charges underprice development of newer suburbs and overprice infill. Similarly, regulated utilities are often as expensive in compact areas as in sprawling suburbs, even though the latter areas require more wires and other mechanical equipment.
However, I am not sure how much these pricing issues matter. Blais seems to be focused on Canadian cities where urban locations are desirable and expensive, causing the middle class to be priced out of the urban market. But in America's Rust Belt, urban homes are usually cheaper than suburban homes. And because cities and suburbs tend to be in different municipalities, development charges are less likely to be identical. Nevertheless, Rust Belt urban areas have decayed more rapidly than their Sun Belt or Canadian counterparts.