With its grand themes of illicit love, betrayal, revenge, and revolution, all in the context of actual historical events, Senso
, Italian director Luchino Visconti's newly restored 1954 opus, can best be described as "operatic." No surprise there, as Visconti was as accomplished in that medium as in film; indeed, this tale opens in Venice's La Fenice opera house. The year is 1866, during a time known as the Risorgimento, when the Italians were struggling to unify their country while simultaneously chafing under the occupation of Austrian military forces. The aristocratic Countess Livia Serpieri (Alida Valli) is attending a performance of Verdi's Il Trovatore
with her cold, imperious husband when circumstances lead to an encounter with Franz Mahler (Farley Granger), a dashing young Austrian lieutenant--their initial meeting is a wonderful scene in which the two trade flirtatious witticisms in her box while a soprano belts out an aria in the background. Mahler may be an obvious cad, but it isn't long before the far less experienced Livia utterly surrenders to his insouciant charms. We can guess from her after-the-fact narration, delivered in the voice of a weary, broken woman (never was the term drama queen
more apt), that the affair will not turn out happily, but that doesn't detract from the fascination of watching this proud, beautiful woman surrender everything she has, not least her dignity, in the name of love while her countrymen fight to rid themselves of their Austrian oppressors. Add to that the film's sumptuous look, with its rich colors (all the more since its restoration in 2009) and opulent settings (both in Venice and the surrounding countryside, where the count and his household find refuge when the fighting starts), and you have a gloriously over-the-top, thoroughly watchable period piece with all the tragedy, passion, and melodrama of any actual opera.
Speaking of sumptuous, this Criterion Collection offering's various bonus features are twice as lengthy as the film itself. Among them are the English-language version of the film; called The Wanton Countess, it's about 30 minutes shorter, with Granger and Valli both delivering their lines in English (Visconti had originally wanted to cast Marlon Brando and Ingrid Bergman). There's also a making-of featurette, an exploration of Visconti's work in the opera world, a "visual essay" by film scholar Peter Cowie, and more--a total of some hours' worth of material. --Sam Graham
This lush, Technicolor tragic romance from Luchino Visconti (Le notti bianche, The Leopard) stars Alida Valli (The Third Man, Eyes Without a Face) as a nineteenth-century Italian countess who, amid the Austrian occupation of her country, puts her marriage and political principles on the line by engaging in a torrid affair with a dashing Austrian lieutenant, played by Farley Granger (Rope, Strangers on a Train). Gilded with fearless performances, ornate costumes and sets, and a rich classical soundtrack, Visconti’s operatic melodrama is an extraordinary evocation of reckless emotions and deranged lust from one of the cinema’s great sensualists.
SPECIAL EDITION FEATURES • New, restored high-definition digital transfer, created in collaboration with the Cineteca di Bologna and Martin Scorsese’s Film Foundation, supervised by director of photography Giuseppe Rotunno, with uncompressed monaural soundtrack on the Blu-ray edition • The Making of “Senso,” a new documentary featuring Rotunno, assistant director Francesco Rosi, costume designer Piero Tosi, and Caterina D’Amico, daughter of screenwriter Suso Cecchi D’Amico and author of Life and Work of Luchino Visconti • Viva VERDI, a new documentary on Visconti, Senso, and opera featuring Italian film scholar Peter Brunette, Italian historian Stefano Albertini, and author Wayne Koestenbaum • The Wanton Countess, the rarely seen English-language version of the film • Visual essay by film scholar Peter Cowie • Man of Three Worlds: Luchino Visconti, a 1966 BBC special exploring Visconti’s parallel masteries of cinema, theater, and opera direction • New and improved English subtitle translation • PLUS: A booklet featuring an essay by filmmaker and author Mark Rappaport and an excerpt from actor Farley Granger’s autobiography, Include Me Out