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Septuagint With Apocrypha: GREEK AND ENGLISH [Hardcover]

Lancelot Brenton
4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (22 customer reviews)
List Price: CDN$ 57.50
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Book Description

July 2009
This edition of "The Septuagint with Apocrypha" (the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament and the apocryphal books of the same linguistic origin) gives the complete Greek text along with a parallel English translation by Brenton.From the PrefaceThis edition of the Septuagint, including Apocrypha, giving the complete Greek text along with a parallel English translation by Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton (1807-1862), was first published in London in 1851.The Septuagint (from the Latin septuaginta, meaning "seventy," and frequently referred to by the roman numerals LXX) is the Greek translation of the Old Testament. The name derives from the tradition that it was made by seventy (or seventy-two) Jewish scholars at Alexandria, Egypt during the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus (285-247 B.C.). It has been preserved in a large number of manuscript copies of the original, and the Greek text in Brenton's edition is based on Vaticanus, an early fourth-century manuscript, with some reliance on other texts, particularly Alexandrinus, a fifth-century manuscript.Although it is not completely understood either when or why the translation was originally done, it is clear that it in large measure reflects the common language of the period and became the "Bible" of Greek-speaking Jews and then later of the Christians. It is worth noting that the Septuagint differs from the Hebrew Old Testament in certain ways: 1) the Greek text varies at many points from the corresponding Hebrew text; 2) the order of the Biblical Books is not the same--the threefold division of the Hebrew canon into the Law, Prophets, and Writings is not followed in the LXX; and 3) several books not found in the Hebrew are included in the LXX-- these books are known as the Apocrypha in the English Bible.While the majority of the Old Testament quotations rendered by the New Testament authors are borrowed directly from the Septuagint, a number of times they provide their own translation which follows the Hebrew text against the Septuagint. In general, the vocabulary and style of the Septuagint is reflected in the theological terms and phraseology chosen by the New Testament writers, and therefore, takes on particular significance for a better overall understanding of the Scriptures. It is not surprising--due to its early widespread use and enduring influence in the Church--that the order of the Biblical Books in the Septuagint, rather than that of the Hebrew O.T., became the accepted order.Although rejected by Protestants as non-canonical, the Apocryphal writings have enduring value as a literary and historical record of the intertestamental period. They often provide important background and illustrative material for a better understanding of the New Testament "world" and thus the New Testament itself.

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Customer Reviews

4.5 out of 5 stars
4.5 out of 5 stars
Most helpful customer reviews
13 of 13 people found the following review helpful
Having several members of my family involved with the Jehovah's Witnesses, and having had many religious discussions with them, I recognize your comments as those of a member of the Watchtower Society.
I would like to point out the double standard you manifest in your comments. With regard to Brenton translating the tetragram (YHWH) as "the Lord", you said:
---- "Brenton, as a translator, should have acknowledged the seriousness of producing a Bible translation, translating Hebrew into Greek with utmost dignity and respect..." ----
---- "Displaying a religiously biased style, it is evident that Brenton had no intention of making the true thoughts and ideas that the scriptures were meant to convey available for the reader." ----
I wish to draw your attention to the fact that the Watchtower Society, in their own 'New World Translation' bible, inserted the name "Jehovah" into the inspired New Testament text 237 times when in fact it is not found even once in any Greek NT manuscript available today.
By altering the original reading of the Greek text, did the Watchtower Society translate "with utmost dignity and respect"? They did not.
In fact, they demonstrated a "religiously biased style".
It is also evident that they "had no intention of making the true thoughts and ideas that the scriptures were meant to convey available for the reader".
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5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Necassary to the student of the Bible Aug. 26 2002
By Canicus
This book presents the Septuagint (LXX) in parallel columns of Greek and an English translation. If you cannot read Greek, then the English translation is available for you to use. If you can read Greek, then the English is available to help clarify things when the torturous LXX Greek seems overwhelming.
The New Testament authors largely used the LXX whenever they quoted the Old Testament, and it sometimes differs from our Hebrew text. It seeded the theological language of the early church and the New Testament in a more fundamental way than even the King James Bible has for the English speaking theology of today.
To fully understand the New Testament, we must familiarize ourselves with the LXX. For example, the NT authors primarily used two words for the Church, "ecclesia" and "synagoge." These words were used almost exclusively in the OT for Israel. The NT authors' usage of these words can only mean that the Church and Israel are the same in their minds. I am an evangelical, but this fact challenges fundamentally some of the dominant teachings of our churches. Without the LXX, I would not have understood much NT doctrine. This includes far more than beliefs about the Church. Work through it and discover the others for yourself.
That said, this book suffers from some fatal flaws. First, it divides the Apocryphal books from the rest of the books, and it does so with the Apocryphal portions of accepted OT books. The early Church did not look at them this way. While the Apocryphal portions of Daniel do not exist in our modern Protestant Bibles, most of the early Church read them without any indication that they were different. The division is artificial and changes the reading for us and polluting our studies in the LXX.
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3 of 3 people found the following review helpful
Javan was the forefather of the Greeks, just as Shem is the ancestor of the Semitic peoples, among these the Jews. This work, begun in 275 B.C. by a group of seventy rabbis, represents the union of two cultures that forever changed history. The Work of the Seventy, or THE SEPTUAGINT, is a watershed in Jewish history and critical in the formation of the Christian Church.
The Septuagint allowed those with little or no knowledge of the Hebrew language or Judaic culture to read the prophecies and history that form the foundation of the Christian message, allowing its spread throughout the empire. In addition, much study has shown that the authors of the New Testament either allude to or quote directly from the Septuagint -a survey look at St. Paul's epistles will confirm this. Furthermore, Christian apologists since the Apostolic Fathers have used the Septuagint in defense of the Christian faith, such as Isaiah 7:14 on the Virgin Birth, where the Hebrew word "almah" -which means "maiden" or "virgin"- is translated into greek as "parthenon" which means "virgin" almost exclusively. (In fact, the Old Testament uses both "maiden" and "virgin" interchangeably, not always referring to a woman who has not had relations; this is a subject of continuing debate). As such, the Septuagint has played a critical part in the history and development of the Church and its theology (it is the Bible used by the Orthodox Church to this day).
This edition of the Septuagint is among the best currently available, providing the Greek text alongside the 1851 English translation. This is NOT an interlinear; there is no English under the Greek sentences. The binding is beautiful and strong, capable of withstanding one's constant use (hopefully you'll use it avidly!).
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Various LXX versions Jan. 9 2003
By A Customer
Sir Lancelot Brenton's edition of the LXX is based upon a single source, codex Vaticanus, with some variants from codex Alexandrinus mentioned in the footnotes, but not affecting, I believe, the translation, except in a few cases where the Vaticanus manuscript was mutilated and Alexandrinus provided the next best text (and these cases are enumerated in an appendix).
Likewise, Rahlfs' edition (Septuaginta, ISBN: 3438051214) is also based upon Codex Vaticanus, but textual variants found in codex Alexandrinus and codex Sinaiticus are adopted in preference to those in codex Vaticanus based upon Rahlfs' critical opinion. He is using standard text critical methodology to judge which are more likely representative of the "Old Greek" version used by the majority of Jews...
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Most recent customer reviews
5.0 out of 5 stars Great
One of the most cited editions of the Septuagint for the past 150 years, with accompanying literal English translation. Love it
Published 12 months ago by Tyson
5.0 out of 5 stars thanks
I can't believe that such a historically-important (and interesting) book is made accessible with greek-english text and good typesetting. Read more
Published on Dec 28 2011 by david
4.0 out of 5 stars Septuagint with Apocrypha: Greek and English
I have only just received this book and already found it interesting to compare the Greek with other interpretations (Hebrew) particularly with the Psalms. Read more
Published on Jan. 2 2011 by MarjorieLat
4.0 out of 5 stars A must have for any bible student or scholar
The Greek Septuagint is an OT translation of the Hebrew scriptures and has quite a history as the introduction of this translation by Brenton goes into but it stops short at naming... Read more
Published on July 1 2003 by varhou
5.0 out of 5 stars Nice resource
The Hebrew scriptures translated into the Greek language was an important milestone in history. Today we benefit by studying the septuagint, which helps us to understand jewish... Read more
Published on June 14 2002 by "1234info"
5.0 out of 5 stars Please do not use the review column for religious debates!!!
Please, please do not argue over whether what in the Greek text is correct or not, do not have religious debates in the review section, because it is to critique books, not... Read more
Published on Nov. 15 2001
5.0 out of 5 stars fun fun fun
I have been learning Koine Greek for about two years and this is one of the most valuable editions to my study. I haven't read the whole thing yet (has anybody? Read more
Published on Aug. 3 2001 by Peter Richert
5.0 out of 5 stars The issue of proper translation...
It appears to me that the issue here raised was not the presence or absence of the Divine Name, per se. Rather, the issue raised was that of proper translation. Read more
Published on June 18 2001 by "tsa4"
5.0 out of 5 stars A Must for Bible Students
I don't know how the subject of the Jehovah's Witnesses or the New World Translation have entered into the discussion of the LXX, but a few thoughts should be brought out in the... Read more
Published on May 29 2001 by H. Schmitz
4.0 out of 5 stars Brenton's Septuagent with Apocrypha
Having studied Brenton's LXX for the past year, I found it most enlightening. Comparing references in the English New Testament with the Old Testament text, I discovered 45... Read more
Published on April 14 2001 by R. Warren Moser
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