As people have found more uses for forests, the field of silviculture--the collected methods of establishing and maintaining communities of trees and other vegetation--has grown and diversified. This book describes the resulting variety of silvicultural methods, but recommends no one philosophy or methodology. Rather, it reflects the author’s belief that all the tools of silviculture have a useful role in modern forestry, and that the ones to use depend on the circumstances, conditions, and needs of landowners. The book argues that each forester must make those decisions based on sound knowledge of all methods, as well as all biological, ecological, economic and administrative factors involved. By providing updated information on research and developments in silviculture, and by giving practical applications for each method, Silviculture: Concepts and Applications, 2nd Edition will serve your needs as a text in the classroom and an invaluable reference in the field.