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State Violence and the Right to Peace [4 volumes]: An International Survey of the Views of Ordinary People [Hardcover]

Kathleen Malley-Morrison

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Book Description

Oct. 22 2009 0275996476 978-0275996475

Filled with personal reflections from every corner of the globe, State Violence and the Right to Peace: An International Survey of the Views of Ordinary People is a masterful portrayal of how people from diverse cultures, religions, and experiences think about war and peace.

Spanning four volumes, State Violence and the Right to Peace brings together the views of shopkeepers, day laborers, clerical workers, students, teachers, social workers, veterans, and others talking about governmental aggression, torture, and protesting acts of war. These views—from Europe, North America, South America, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia—are seen in the context of major historical battles, including the empire-building of Western European countries, the emergence and contraction of the Soviet Union, and the wars in the Middle East. As this remarkable resource shows, there are some surprising similarities in thinking about war and peace across nations and cultures—and some equally surprising cases where opinions diverge.


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Product Details

  • Hardcover: 1099 pages
  • Publisher: Praeger (Oct. 22 2009)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0275996476
  • ISBN-13: 978-0275996475
  • Product Dimensions: 24 x 17 x 11 cm
  • Shipping Weight: 2.4 Kg

Product Description

Review

• Shares the views of ordinary people from around the world concerning governmental aggression both as directed against themselves and as directed against other countries or groups

• Provides little-known information about the experiences of war and peace in established and emergent nations

• Pays particular attention to the far-flung imperialistic activities of the United States from its inception, and thinking about the United States from around the world

• Identifies similarities and differences among the views on government aggression and peace of people from different countries within geographical areas



• Comprises the work of over 100 contributors and researchers from 43 different countries, highlighting their countries' experiences with war and peace

• Numerous firsthand quotes illustrate views of ordinary people on state violence and the rights of citizens

• Extensive reference section in each volume documents the experiences with war and peace in each country

• Includes a comprehensive index



"In this four-volume set, edited by Malley-Morrison (psychology, Boston U.), contributors describe and analyze the results of an opinion survey instrument, the Personal and Institutional Rights to Aggression and Peace Survey for 43 countries around the world. The survey asked opinions regarding the right of governments to perform acts of aggression; whether individuals have a right to a world of peace and to demonstrate in support of that conviction; the role of the United States in Iraq; acts of state violence as assessed through the prism of emotional responses to direct or indirect exposure; lay understandings of such terms as war, peace, torture, terrorism, reconciliation, and rights; and the relationship of national security to individual and family security, as well as whether peace is achievable. The essays describe the general contours of the results for each country and seek to put them into historical and political context, with the particular emphasis being left up to the specific case study author rather than attempting to forge a unified approach. The volumes are organized by region, with the first volume covering Western Europe and North America; the second covering Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and the Middle East; the third covering Africa and Central and South America; and the fourth covering Asia and Australia."

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Reference & Research Book News



"Good indexing and solid bibliographic notes."

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Choice



"The material found in this set is engrossing and suggestive. . ."

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Library Journal



"Malley-Morrison and her collaborators take an important step in a postrealist direction when they focus on individuals and claim that war is a human rights issue. Further, if the world's people truly believe that they have a right to peace, their voice--which she and her collaborators evoke--represents a powerful independent force in world politics. The project's confirmation that individuals in many countries feel that they have a right to peace--and that they oppose state invasion, torture, and killing civilians--is a welcome move in advancing humane psychology and a postrealist approach to world politics."

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PsycCRITIQUES

Review

"This new four-volume collection offers a timely account and analysis of the voices and views of people throughout the world whose lives are affected by war and state violence. With chapter contributions from an impressive roster of international experts, this indispensable series is remarkable in its combination of scientific rigor, geographic comprehensiveness, and illuminating insights."

(

Roy J. Eidelson, Ph.D.
President-Elect of Psychologists for Social Responsibility and Associate Director of the Solomon Asch Center for Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict at Bryn Mawr College

)

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Amazon.com: 5.0 out of 5 stars  2 reviews
5.0 out of 5 stars The Speak and they Want Peace Feb. 27 2011
By Andrew P - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover
"State Violence and the Right to Peace," edited by Dr. Kathy Malley-Morrison, brings together the voices of everyday people all over the world using the Personal and Institutional Rights to Aggression and Peace Survey (PAIRTAPS). This book is unique in its ability to scientifically document the views of people from diverse governments in a broad and exhaustive way. If you have ever wondered how another nation views wars and violence this is an excellent book to take a look at. "State Violence and the Right to Peace" is meant as a handbook and the knowledge it presents is straightforward and extremely useful.

In the forward we learn that in the wake of World War II there have been 228 armed conflicts across the globe. To what extent is the use of violence and torture supported in the countries previously and currently involved in these conflicts? Also, to what extent do lay people from different countries except or reject their leader's arguments concerning the rights of their regime to perpetuate violence in order to achieve ends? These are the types of questions this book succeeds in answering. Over the course of 4 volumes we hear common voices from over 40 nations. "State Violence and the Right to Peace" is an attempt to bring the world one step closer to achieving peace, and it succeeds in doing so. This book understands one very important thing; if peace is to be achieved people must take the time to understand the diverse mindsets. This book demonstrates that it is misunderstanding that typically leads to violence and hatred and it works against this misunderstanding.

In volume 4 Dr. Malley-Morrison focuses on Asia and Australia. The countries discussed include: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, The Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia, Loas, China, South Korea, and Japan. Each chapter gives a concise background of how each nation achieved sovereignty and a portrait of the various conflicts that each country has been involved in over the past century. The result is an overall feeling of understanding about how each country understands war and peace. In the uniting chapter at the end of the volume the "security dilemma" phenomenon is discussed. The "security dilemma" posits that we live in a world where nations are encouraged to establish self-defense as a right. However, this can be a problem when other nations perceive each other's security motives as aggressive tactics. Thus, by promoting this right of self-defense we have in fact bred the opposite of the desired result; a world in which violence and threat naturally thrive and escalate to high levels. At the end of volume 4 there is a hopeful message. Ordinary people are optimistic; they see an end to the threat of rising tension and violence. If we are to achieve peace in this world we need to start by understanding the problem; only then can we work together to solve it. This book tells us that the people of the world have spoken and they want peace.

If you enjoyed this book and would like to find out more about Dr. Malley-Morrison's work visit her blog, "Engaging Peace," at [...]
5.0 out of 5 stars An enlightening perspective into international affairs Feb. 26 2011
By Erin - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover
State Violence and the Right to Peace is unlike any other resource that I've found. The volumes describe the views of a vast array of the world's "ordinary" people who are given the opportunity to have their opinions heard. When international relations and world events are discussed they are presented in the voice of the powerful governments who control these processes. The voice of the ordinary people behind these institutions is never heard. I've always found myself wondering about the how these people actually feel. Think of how many Americans disproved of the Iraqi War, yet people abroad may be under the impression that the majority of US supported their government's actions. Because of this blanket assumption, the American population is often portrayed in a negative way; however this stereotype certainly does not describe us all. In turn, we often project our views of a country's government onto the nation's people; though we too have no real basis for this assumption.

Along with the voices of ordinary people, the historical and sociological issues of different global regions are often ignored when discussing international events. These books do a great job describing the different ecological factors in the regions that shape their society and views on issues of war and peace. The background information provided also alerts the reader to the many atrocities that have been committed throughout history. It demonstrates how senseless violence has been justified by states in the past and how it affects people currently. After reading the books it becomes very clear that it is not sufficient to solely look at a state's current government to understand the complexity of each region.

These books are especially relevant given the recent protests in the Middle East. These protests demonstrate that the public does not always approve of their government and of its actions. It shows what can happen when the ordinary are overlooked. The volumes address ordinary views on a number of topics that are pertinent in the situation in the Middle East such as: "do individuals have the right to stage protests against war and in favor of peace?" and "does the head of a government have the right to kill innocent civilians in order to fight international terrorism?" The books give qualitative answers to these questions, among others, from areas in the Middle East. In addition, responses from Western Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Africa, Central America, South America, Eastern Europe, and Central Europe are also included, which can provide insight on how the uprisings in the Middle East will be perceived across the globe.

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