Straight: The Surprisingly Short History of Hetrosexuality Hardcover – Jan 31 2012
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“[An] amusing, readable synthesis . . . Blank darts from one intriguing, thought-provoking point to another. . . . [And she] offers the provocative solution that soon we will move on from our present fixation on the binary to a more fluid understanding.”—Abigail Zuger, New York Times
“Using wit and wisdom, Blank substantiates her argument that love and passion are not defined by biology.”—EDGE Publications
“A lively, accessible synthesis of decades of scholarship on the history and sociology of sexuality.”—CHOICE
“Wry, witty and thoroughly researched.”— Lavender Magazine
“Blank has produced a challenging, clear, and interesting study of how Western views of what it means to be ‘straight’ have changed over the past two centuries and continue to change.”—Library Journal
“Blank’s work reaches further and deeper into the history of heterosexuality…highly accessible.”—Lambda Lit
“Straight …is accessible and engaging, often witty and penetrating in its insights.”—New York Journal of Books
“Blank’s tenacious research and insightful arguments make clear how malleable the attitudes of the world we live in really are.”—Michelle Kehm, Bust
“Blank writes with great erudition and humor, so that, even a skeptical (or anxious) reader will be hard-pressed not to find it enjoyable and thought provoking."—Haaretz
“Hanne Blank has rendered a meticulously researched romp through the history of ‘heterosexuality’—that pesky orthodoxy still looming over Western culture like smog. Her sweeping synthesis takes on everything from Freud to Larry Craig, expertly weaving this untold history with insight and a refreshing dose of irreverence.”—Lisa M. Diamond, author of Sexual Fluidity: Understanding Women’s Love and Desire
“The author uses wisdom and wit to substantiate her contention that love and passion are not definable by biology.”—Kirkus
“From its thorough but brisk explorations of sexual orientation’s intersections with sex, gender, and romance, this illuminating study examines our presuppositions and makes a powerful, provocative argument that heterosexuality—mazy, unscientific, and new—may be merely “a particular configuration of sex and power in a particular historical moment.”—Publishers Weekly
“With impeccable research and detail, Hanne Blank uncovers the fascinating, often hidden, history of heterosexuality. Straight is a marvelous cultural history that is as entertaining as it is profoundly enlightening and necessary for understanding the world in which we live.”—Michael Bronski, author of A Queer History of the United States
“What would it mean to dispense with our current categories of sexual identity? Writing with grace and wit, Hanne Blank demonstrates that what sounds like a radical proposition is also historically inevitable. This is a book that really shakes up an assumption or two!”—Laura Kipnis, author of How To Become a Scandal and Against Love
“Challenging our culture’s deeply entrenched, stubborn assumption of heterosexuality, Straight helps us to think newly and critically. Starting from her own experience, Hanne Blank creatively analyses the unexamined idea that heterosexuality is given, unchanging, ahistorical.”—Jonathan Ned Katz, author of The Invention of Heterosexuality and co-director OutHistory.org
About the Author
Writer and historian Hanne Blank is the author of Virgin:The Untouched History and seven other books that explore the intersections of sexuality, gender, the body, and culture.See all Product Description
Inside This Book(Learn More)
Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
Another reviewer likens "Heterosexual" to post-modern "everything is a social construct" fallacy. I think seeing it that way completely misses the point. Of course who I am sexually is a physical reality, founded in my genes, my gestation, and my life experience. Who I actually am is not a construct but a reality. But the name given to that reality IS a social construct. Who falls under this umbrella, and who does not? I often call myself bisexual, for want of a better term, but never felt it is particularly accurate. Reading this book has led me to coin a new term, "NH", or "Not Heterosexual", which has some of it's own baggage but is perhaps a little more accurate. How many books will ever cause someone to redefine his own sexual orientation?
Here's the reason I recommend this book to everyone: if you and your brother are monozygotic twins, and share the same sexual orientation, the reality of your own sexuality is still different from his. Your husband's sexuality is substantially different from that of your college boyfriend, even if they both self identify as "straight". Considering these facts will, I think, give anyone reading it a deeper understanding of themselves. For anyone who, like myself, is not (to use the APA term) "gender-normative" [...], or who is close to someone like me, I consider it essential reading.
It is Blank's contention that the parallel terms "heterosexual" and "homosexual" were coined, not in a scientific or medical context, as is generally assumed today, but in a quasi-legal context. To be "homosexual" was to have a particular sexual identity. When used by opponents of a drastic German law that criminalized sexual "deviance" in 1851, the term implied that legally persecuting "homosexuals" was irrational, since they were not sinners (as under earlier canon law) but were simply expressing unusual desires that were natural for them. Although Blank is not the first historian to discuss the development of the concept of sexual orientation, her explanation of the social context is intriguing. As she shows, medieval Christian definitions of sexual sin (non-reproductive or non-marital sex) had a great influence on later conceptions of "abnormal" erotic attraction, which could only be understood in contrast with the "normal" kind.
Richard von Kraft-Ebbing's 1890 book, Psychopathia Sexualis, aimed to be a scientific study of abnormal expressions of sexual behavior, ones that generally appeared in cities, where they were harder to control than in insular villages. He used the terms "normal-sexual" and "heterosexual" (attracted to those who are different from oneself) almost interchangeably, in contrast to the various types of sexual deviance he sought to define.
However, the concept of a "heterosexual" as a person who wants to mate exclusively with a member of the opposite sex didn't solidify until the 1920's.
In a series of chronological chapters, Blank explores the rise of psychology and its influence on changing models of "normal" personal development, and the emergence of heterosexual marriage as the sole expression of sexual maturity. While traditional marriage--in medieval times, for example -- was an economic arrangement controlled by the husband and sanctioned by religious vows, the 19th century discovered "romantic" marriage with its symbiotic gender roles and notions of personal compatibility as prerequisites for a healthy marriage--one that could properly nurture the next generation.
Blank's study is bracketed by a personal plea for a recognition of more sexual complexity than Kraft-Ebbing could have imagined: "My p
artner was diagnosed male at birth because he was born with, and indeed still has, a fully functioning penis." She goes on to explain: "Indeed, of the two sex chromosomes--XY--which would be found in the genes of a typical male, and XX, which is the hallmark of the genetically typical female--my partner's DNA has all three: XXY, a pattern that is simultaneously male, female and neither." Given her partner's ambiguous gender identity, it follows that Blank's own sexual orientation is ambiguous. While they seem to enjoy an enviably close and long-lasting relationship, the question arises whether they are a "straight" couple in some sense and, if not, how their sexuality should be defined.
Hanne Blank is an engaging writer, and her personal stake in the subject makes her analysis both interesting and immediate. This book is a useful addition to a general opening up of binary conceptions of sex and gender that seems to be happening in our society.
It is not exclusively about "straight"; in exploring how this concept came to be, and to be accepted, Blank touches on many other sexual realms; none would be possible without the others.
Do read the footnotes; while some are just cites, others have additional enriching commentary.
Very recommended, for anyone interested in how our cultural narrative of sex came to be, and how it can impact us.
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