"For those Christians who may be troubled by the textual variety surrounding the Hebrew Bible, all I will say is don't worry! The same kind of variants and plurality we find in the DSS today, were around during the time of Jesus and the apostles -- and they did not hesitate to rely on the authority of Scripture." T. Williams
Hebrew Bible Studies:
Hebrew Bible Studies, may include Old Testament Hebrew, Israelite origins, religion & popular culture, Hebrew Biblical as first Christian Testament, text composition, functions of scriptural interpretation, Holy war texts among the Qumran scrolls, The Septuagint, etc. Those in this volume include biblical scrolls from the Judaean Desert; Qumran and the non-biblical scrolls from the Judaean Desert; and the Septuagint and other ancient versions. In line with Professor Ulrich's areas of scholarship and interest, thirty some essays, grouped in three sections: The Hebrew Bible/Old Testament; Qumran and the Non-Biblical Scrolls from the Judaean Desert; and the Septuagint and Other Ancient Versions.
The collection of Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts discovered in the caves of the Dead Sea in the area of Khirbet Qumran, seven principal scrolls were discovered by Bedoins. Scrolls discovery was followed by an exhaustive exploration of the neighboring caves under the auspices of the Ècole Biblique et Archèologique of Jerusalem.
The manuscripts, written on papyrus and leather, number more than 600 in various states of preservation, are attributed to members of a previously unknown jewish brotherhood, the Essenes, is portrayted in the manuals of discipline as a model House of Israel, to prepare the way for the coming of the kingdom of God, as decklared by John the Baptist. Details of a final battle between the "sons of light" and the "sons of darkness" is given in the day of jugdement.
The Septuagint (abbr. LXX) is the main Greek translation of the Old Testament. Most New Testament writers seem to have quoted from some LXX version when using the Hebrew scripture (Only Testament, then). The Septuagint, in Koine Greek, became the canonical OT scripture of all Eastern Christians. Hence, to all students of the New testament, the LXX is an extremely important source of understanding the New Testament too.
A lengthy scholarly effort to review this wide range of essays may be out of the scope of an Amazon reviewer, but a good first judgement could be rendered on the variety of the compelling essays of this volume, A book is first guessed by its contents.
- Hebrew Bible/Old Testament (w/biblical scrolls from the Judaean Desert)
- Myth, meta-narrative, and historical reconstruction
- Diaspora dangers, Diaspora dreams
- King Og's iron bed (Deut 3:11) - once again
- A new reconstruction of 4Q Samuel (24:16-22)
- How many vessels? : An examination of MT 1 Sam 2:14/4Q Sam (1 Sam 2:16)
- Samuel/Kings and Chronicles : book division and text composition
- Who is the Saddiq of Isaiah 57:1-2?
- Daniel outside the traditional Jewish canon
- Origen and the first Christian Testament
- The social configuration of the rabbi-disciple relationship
- Qumran and the non-biblical scrolls from the Judaean Desert
- Holy war texts among the Qumran scrolls
- Les manuscrits 4Q Juges
- "And he shall answer and say ... " - a little backlighting
- The time of the teacher : an old debate renewed
- Two "scientific" fictions : 'Book of Noah'& quotation of Jubilees
- The blessing of Judah (in 4Q252)
- Joseph at Qumran : in extending a tradition
- Creating community Halakhah
- To what end? : functions of scriptural interpretation in Qumran texts
- Septuagint and other ancient versions
- Rewritten Bible or imitatio? : the vestments of the high priest
- The use of computers in biblical research
- Faith, hope and interpretation : a lexical study of the Greek Psalter
- The Septuagint of Isaiah and the Hebrew text of Isaiah 2:22 & 36:7
- Edom - Adam in Ezekiel, in MT and in LXX
- Greek Jeremiah and the land of Azazel
A Sampler Essay:
J. Sanders paid tribute not only to Ulrich, but gave a testimonial to Ulrich's Septuagintal greatest advocate and scholar, Origen, whose Hexapla was dedicated to its recovery. Origen is linked with the earliest search and an alleged recovery of ancient Scrolls. Sanders essay is the most concise scholarly study, insightfully called: Origen and the first Christian Testament.
Editor Emanuel Tov:
Magnes Professor of Bible at the Hebrew University and Editor-in-Chief of the Dead Sea Scrolls project for Oxford University Press, has provided scholars with masterful studies on the Hebrew Bible, and its textual criticism. Tov argues that in light of the discovery of the scrolls from the Judean desert the old framework of a threefold textual tradition in the Torah (Masoretic Text [MT], Samaritan, and Septuagint [LXX]), and a twofold tradition in the Prophets and Hagiographa (MT and LXX), needs to be set aside and a radically new approach to textual criticism is required. To reflect the current textual situation, Tov concentrates on the witnesses whose importance for textual criticism have stood the test of time. He claims that the MT, Samaritan, DSS, LXX, Targums, Peshitta, and Vulgate do not receive proper due attention.
A Tribute to E. Ulrich:
Ulrich (theology, U. of Notre Dame) is best known for editing a large percentage of the biblical manuscripts found in the Qumran caves. To celebrate his 65th birthday, friends and colleagues present him 25 essays on the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. This volume pays homage to Eugene Ulrich, Chief Editor of the Cave 4 Biblical Scrolls and a foremost expert on the Biblical Scrolls, the Canon of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, and the Septuagint, with contributions by many of his colleagues and former students. The volume includes a tribute to Eugene Ulrich and appended with a cumulative bibliography and several indices.