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Symphony No. 27/ Cello Concert

Ivashkin; Russian State So; Polyansky , Myaskovsky Nikolay Audio CD
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
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1. Symphony No.27, Op.85 In C Minor: Adagio-Allegro Animato
2. Symphony No.27, Op.85 In C Minor: Adagio
3. Symphony No.27, Op.85 In C Minor: Presto Ma Non Troppo
4. Concerto For Cello And Orchestra, Op.66 In C Minor: Lento Ma Non Troppo
5. Concerto For Cello And Orchestra, Op.66 In C Minor: Allegro Vivace

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5.0 out of 5 stars Georgeous Russian Late Romanticism Oct. 29 2002
Format:Audio CD
Connoisseurs of Russian, or more properly, of Soviet music will recognize the name of Nicolai Miaskovsky and will likely know his somber, beautiful Concerto for Cello and Orchestra, roughly coeval with although slightly earlier than Prokofiev's Sinfonia Concertante. Miaskovsky's Cello Concerto has enjoyed a number of recordings since Rostropovich recorded it for EMI in the early 1960s and has rarely been out of the catalogue. Miaskovsky's symphonies (he wrote twenty-seven of them) are a different matter, despite the fact that they represent his main achievement. Only one, the Twenty-First, a one-movement affair requiring about fifteen minutes in performance, has ever gained anything like currency in the West. Frederick Stock gave the premiere in Chicago in 1940; Ormandy recorded it, and it appeared on a Unicorn LP in the late 1970s in a performance under David Measham. A few Melodiya recordings made their way to North American in the 1960s and 70s, most prominently a rendition under Svetlanov of the Twenty-Second, a "war symphony" full of alternating melancholy and strife, with prominent and impressive parts for the horns. More recently, Marco Polo has offered a handful of the symphonies, as has Russian Disc; the lamentably defunct Classical Revelation label also included several Miaskovsky symphonies in its rich, if evanescent catalogue. Despite this, Miaskovsky has been something of a rare bird among important names in Soviet symphonism. All the more then is Valeri Polyansky's new disc from Chandos a welcome one, for it gives us not only superb rendering of the Cello Concerto but something close to a recorded premiere of Miaskovsky's last symphony, the Twenty-Seventh, from 1950, the year of his death. Read more ›
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Format:Audio CD
What's amazing about Myaskovsky's 27th Symphony (1949-1950) is its ability in maintaining its hugh sense of dignity and nobility, despite the disgraceful Zhadanov affair of 1948. Myaskovsky's unbreakable spirit, personality, & conviction were not compromised (he even refused to submit a letter of apology & acknowledgement for his "error" after the Affair). And even when this Symphony was posthumously awarded the Stalin prize after its premiere in December 9th, 1950, Myaskovsky's personal essay remains personal, deeply rooted in the musical tradition of Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, et al. that he was proud to embrace unregrettably. And like the Cello Concerto of 1944, the melancholy, the nostalgia, and the sensitivity of the Symphony are compelling and wrought, soul searching in its aims, and in the end, deep and ultimately moving and memorable.
The introspective slow movements of these works are clear cases in point. The Adagio movement of the Symphony is among the most inspired of his compositions. The mood belies some of Tchaikovsky's sentimentality and warmth at the other sections of the movement (somewhat in an ABA format). And nothing can better the poetic rhetoric towards the end, with the strings voicing more of its own passion aided by the romanticized brass and woodwinds. In some contrasts, the Lento ma non troppo movement of the Cello Concerto has more of a cantibile, songlike quality throughout, with the sentimentality and nostalgia even more apparent, though not by much. But, as usual with this extraordinarily fine composer, the depth of the slow movements of these two works are profound and beguiling.
And an ensemble must convey these qualities & others should one find a listening experience of a piece of especially this calibre ultimately moving.
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
Amazon.com: 4.6 out of 5 stars  5 reviews
9 of 9 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Double standards for Myaskovsky? Feb. 4 2006
By Cheryomushki - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Audio CD
In most customer reviews of twentieth-century American symphonies previously issued by Naxos (Creston, Rorem, Piston, etc.), emphasis is rightfully placed on how underrated composers and their symphonies have finally found an audience. Very positively, reviewers rate these new items with five stars on the basis of a composer's solid symphonic contributions to Americana and of the intrinsic achievements of conductors and orchestras from Albany, New York, to the Ukraine.

I discern a somewhat different approach for foreign composer Nikolay Myakovsky and several of his symphonies, including his last one, the 27th, currently available only (or mainly) on Chandos. Notwithstanding Myaskovsky's contagious lyricism and his undeniable experience as the author of so many symphonies (six or seven times more than the above mentioned composers), assessment of his recordings are all too often scaled down by one or two stars because: he did not fully develop a promising theme; the orchestra does not quite measure up to the historical performance of one of Russia's foremost orchestras; the conductor did not completely emulate a great maestro; the cellist had the difficult task of performing in the shadow of the great Mstislav Rostropovich, and so forth.

But what about the intrinsic qualities and strengths of this Chandos recording? Conductor Valeri Polyansky perfectly succeeds in guiding the Russian State Symphony Orchestra from the two, lyrical and dramatic themes, of the first movement, through the elegiac heights of the symphony's adagio --one of Myaskovsky's most beautiful symphonic adagios-- on to "the dramatic clash of opposing and irreconcilable forces" of the third movement and its finale. If this recording of the 27th symphony carries you on its wings as far and as high as it carries me, then why on earth worry about what one could be missing from another flight which has been grounded and cancelled!

By contrast, this Chandos CD also includes Myaskovsky's most frequently recorded work, his WWII-era Concerto for cello and orchestra. Music lovers who already own a Rostropovich, Tarasova or Webber version of this concerto should find little, if any reason to scale down Polyansky, the Russian State Symphony Orchestra, cellist Alexander Ivashkin or, for that matter, Russian composer Nikolay Myaskovsky even by half a star.
5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A Beautiful Disc May 30 2006
By David A. Wend - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Audio CD
Nikolay Myaskovsky was a pupil of Gliere, Rimsky-Korsakov and Lyadov, which is apparent in the Symphony No. 27 as it looks back to the music of the 19th century. The music, however much it recalls The Mighty Handful, belongs to Myaskovsky and the shattering atmosphere following the Zhandov Decree in 1947. The symphony was completed in 1950 but Myaskovsky dies before it could be performed; it won the Stalin Prize presented posthumously. Myaskovsky was criticized for the dark character of his symphonies. Cast in three movements, the symphony begins with am Adagio that is quickly transformed into a lyrical melody that recalls Rachmaninov. The center Adagio movement of the 27th has its dark clouds but they are ultimately lifted by the stunning melody. The final movement is a march that brings to mind Glazunov and Tchaikovsky.

The Cello Concerto deserves to be much better known and dates from 1944. The Concerto is a personal response to the war and reflects a greater lyricism than music that brashly describes a Soviet victory. The music is introspective and brilliantly written for the soloist. The cello engages in a dialogue with the orchestra reflecting exuberance against the constraining influence of the orchestra. The concerto opens and closes with the same quiet and reflective theme, and in between we find the exuberance in the face of anguish that eventually overcomes the brightness with melancholy. The concerto ends sweetly but with a feeling of deep longing and regret.

Both works are played to perfection by the Russian State Symphony Orchestra and Alexander Ivashkin is a marvelous soloist in the concerto. This is a great disc to choose to learn about the music of Myaskovsky.
7 of 8 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Georgeous Russian Late Romanticism Oct. 29 2002
By Thomas F. Bertonneau - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Audio CD
Connoisseurs of Russian, or more properly, of Soviet music will recognize the name of Nicolai Miaskovsky and will likely know his somber, beautiful Concerto for Cello and Orchestra, roughly coeval with although slightly earlier than Prokofiev's Sinfonia Concertante. Miaskovsky's Cello Concerto has enjoyed a number of recordings since Rostropovich recorded it for EMI in the early 1960s and has rarely been out of the catalogue. Miaskovsky's symphonies (he wrote twenty-seven of them) are a different matter, despite the fact that they represent his main achievement. Only one, the Twenty-First, a one-movement affair requiring about fifteen minutes in performance, has ever gained anything like currency in the West. Frederick Stock gave the premiere in Chicago in 1940; Ormandy recorded it, and it appeared on a Unicorn LP in the late 1970s in a performance under David Measham. A few Melodiya recordings made their way to North American in the 1960s and 70s, most prominently a rendition under Svetlanov of the Twenty-Second, a "war symphony" full of alternating melancholy and strife, with prominent and impressive parts for the horns. More recently, Marco Polo has offered a handful of the symphonies, as has Russian Disc; the lamentably defunct Classical Revelation label also included several Miaskovsky symphonies in its rich, if evanescent catalogue. Despite this, Miaskovsky has been something of a rare bird among important names in Soviet symphonism. All the more then is Valeri Polyansky's new disc from Chandos a welcome one, for it gives us not only superb rendering of the Cello Concerto but something close to a recorded premiere of Miaskovsky's last symphony, the Twenty-Seventh, from 1950, the year of his death. Polyansky has been active under a Chandos contract for some years now, offering representations of Rachmaninov, Glazunov, and Shostakovich: the foray into Miaskovsky is a natural furtherance of his survey of Muscovite and Petersburger music of the pre-revolutionary through the totalitarian periods. Miaskovsky was a remarkably consistent composer, finding his style while still a conservatory student. The idiom lies somewhere between the Rachmaninov and Scriabin: basically tonal and late-Romantic, with an interest, now greater and now lesser, in chromatic extensions of the harmony in the manner of "The Divine Poem." A Russian accent is always noticeable. Miaskovsky has a preference, like Rachmaninov, for minor modes and dark colors: these appear in his First Symphony, written under the supervision of Gliere in 1905, and they are still present forty-five years later in the Twenty-Seventh, although the outlines are now leaner, the sense of form more acute. There was once a Melodiya LP of the Twenty-Seventh, with Alexander Gauk leading the USSR Symphony Orchestra, from a master tape recorded in 1950. I have remembered the Twenty-Seventh (in C Minor) from that scratchy and dim LP although it disappeared when I discarded my "record library" twelve or fifteen years ago. Polyansky's new performance confirms what my memory told me: A brooding, lyrical motto, first heard in the low woodwinds, becomes the melodic touchstone of the whole symphony, which Miaskovsky casts in three movements; these are an Adagio - Allegro Animato, an Adagio, and a Presto non Troppo. Shostakovich reacted to Stalinism with irony; Miaskovsky reacts with nostalgia. Even the two outer, faster panels are full of folksong-like "song periods" similar to those in Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninov. The return of the motto theme on flute at about 5.20 into the First Movement is a case in point. If the listener is neither wood nor stone then his heart shall melt. The Concerto for Cello and Orchestra, written during the war has preserved Miaskovsky's name in the recorded music catalogues since the mid-1950s, when the first of Rostropovich's traversals appeared. Just now there are two or three competing versions available. Alexander Ivashkin, who has also recorded the Schnittke concertos with Polyansky, has a warm and appealing tone that suits this slow and quiet music perfectly. This is a lovely recording - even the packaging is nice, with its autumn colors. Chandos scores another one. recommended.
4 of 5 people found the following review helpful
3.0 out of 5 stars Decent Performance of the Symphony not in Svetlanov's League Oct. 23 2002
By David Anthony Hollingsworth - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Audio CD
What's amazing about Myaskovsky's 27th Symphony (1949-1950) is its ability in maintaining its hugh sense of dignity and nobility, despite the disgraceful Zhadanov affair of 1948. Myaskovsky's unbreakable spirit, personality, & conviction were not compromised (he even refused to submit a letter of apology & acknowledgement for his "error" after the Affair). And even when this Symphony was posthumously awarded the Stalin prize after its premiere in December 9th, 1950, Myaskovsky's personal essay remains personal, deeply rooted in the musical tradition of Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, et al. that he was proud to embrace unregrettably. And like the Cello Concerto of 1944, the melancholy, the nostalgia, and the sensitivity of the Symphony are compelling and wrought, soul searching in its aims, and in the end, deep and ultimately moving and memorable.
The introspective slow movements of these works are clear cases in point. The Adagio movement of the Symphony is among the most inspired of his compositions. The mood belies some of Tchaikovsky's sentimentality and warmth at the other sections of the movement (somewhat in an ABA format). And nothing can better the poetic rhetoric towards the end, with the strings voicing more of its own passion aided by the romanticized brass and woodwinds. In some contrasts, the Lento ma non troppo movement of the Cello Concerto has more of a cantibile, songlike quality throughout, with the sentimentality and nostalgia even more apparent, though not by much. But, as usual with this extraordinarily fine composer, the depth of the slow movements of these two works are profound and beguiling.
And an ensemble must convey these qualities & others should one find a listening experience of a piece of especially this calibre ultimately moving. And while I admire the warmth and sensitivity of Russian State Symphony's performance under Polyansky, I found myself virtually unmoved. What I love so much in Svetlanov's reading of the Symphony (and even in the Concerto in a Melodiya LP) was his masterly manipulation of tempo. This late, great conductor had the ability to give the phrasings that special quality a listener would gladly take everywhere and indulge; the phrasings that speak! In the slow movement, for example, Polyansky's approach is very sensitive indeed, and his orchestra played with real sympathy and feeling. But Svetlanov's approach is much more alive and passionate, especially in the final four minutes. His sense of structure is in every way ideal, decisive and with flair. In the first movement, marked Adagio-Allegro molto animato, Svetlanov brings to mind Tchaikovsky, and to some extent Rachmaninov, whom's world Myaskovsky knew and love deep in his own subconscious. But Polyansky's treatment sounds a bit too much like an allegro moderato for my liking, evoking the grandiousness of Glazunov, which would have been fine if Myaskovsky's mannerism evokes this great composer (which was never really the case). Furthermore, Polyansky's orchestra lacks the finesse that made Svetlanov's Russian Federation Symphony Orchestra the best even in today's Russia. The strings of the Russian State lack bloom and richness in tone of its above-mentioned rival while the brass is rather muddled and lacks presence throughout much of the work (the brass suddenly have more of a presence in the final moments of the piece). Furthermore, I really don't sense the orchestra totally at home with the Symphony as was Svetlanov's, for the reading is more dutiful than it is inspired.
Ironically, though, the orchestra fares better in the Concerto. Here, the sensitivity is more apparent and Polyansky's approach have more flair and decisiveness. And I greatly admire Alexander Ivashkin's songlike playing on the cello solo. Ivashkin was not heavy-handed nor undercooked, but poise yet not detach from the score. He has a compelling lightness of touch where appropriate and, in the cadenza, real imagination & artistry. And while I would hesitate to heighten his playing above those of Rostropovich's or Webber's, his delivery surely measures up to them admirably.
Since Olympia Compact Disc Ltd. will re-issue the original Russian Disc/Melodiya recording of Symphony (presumably), I would wait for that while venture on to acquire the Philips CD of the Concerto played by Webber or the EMI recording featuring Rostropovich. The Chandos CD is worth thinking about for the Concerto (and those unfamiliar with the composer, the Symphony...perhaps). But this disc has its limitations not entirely its fault. Call my review rather harsh, but I've put away this disc feeling a bit cheated, only to find redemption in Svetlanov, who like Kondrashin and especially Rozhdestvensky, knew how to make music something much of memoriabilty and humaneness. They were not always consistent, but almost always worthwhile.
5.0 out of 5 stars A wonderful release Nov. 27 2009
By G.D. - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Audio CD
The resurgence of interest in the Miaskovsky symphonies the last couple of years is fully deserved. It is presumably in part due to the availability of the complete cycle from Svetlanov (and Miaskovsky's symphony cycle is probably the largest symphony cycle overall which is sufficiently consistently of high quality to be worth having complete, even for ordinary music lovers). But despite the dominance of the Svetlanov performances, one better not forget the alternatives - in particular insofar as these are often overall stronger than Svetlanov's spirited but sometimes somewhat scrappily played versions.

Which brings us to this superb Chandos release coupling Miaskovsky's valedictory symphonic utterance with his famous cello concerto. The 27th is, in fact, one of his best works - a beautifully, autumnal work, gorgeously colored in a wide range of brownish, subdued hues, quietly triumphant and fulsome, with only the finale bursting out in something like extrovert, hectic and animated heroicism. Again, this is a marvelous work and a must for any lover of late-romantic Russian symphonicism. Much the same mood permeates the inventive and well-crafted cello concerto; mostly solemn and dreaming; elegiac, but more in a wistfully nostalgic than actually painful sense. In any case, it surely deserves its place in the repertoire.

The performances are, as already mentioned, extremely satisfying, wonderfully shaped and played with glowing colors and panache. Ivashkin tackles the solo part in the concerto with feeling and flair, and the sound is very good, even though the cello is perhaps a little too forwardly placed in the concerto. A really excellent release, strongly recommended.
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