The Balfour Declaration: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict Hardcover – Aug 10 2010
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About the Author
JONATHAN SCHNEER, a specialist in modern British history, is a professor at Georgia Tech's School of History, Technology, and Society. He is the author of five additional books, as well as numerous articles and reviews. A fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies in 1985-86, he has also held research fellowships at Oxford and Cambridge Universities in the UK, as well as at the Erich Remarque Center of New York University. He was a founding editor of Radical History Review and is a member of the editorial board of 20th Century British History and the London Journal.See all Product Description
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Dr. Jonathan Schneer has written a succinctly meticulous book on the origins of Zionism and the generated Arab mistrust of the West because of their betrayal by the British. That is the main theme of the book, on how the British put out to support two radically opposite groups to maintain their own hegemony in the Middle East. Under the augury of some esoteric and omnipotent international Jewry who the British thought had some control over the politics of The Great War, Effective Zionism was born under the handling of the charismatic (and perhaps duplicitous) Chaim Weizmann with the ultimate goal, of a settlement colony of Jewish people in Palestine under the rue of the British mandate. (Schneer does write very effectively and pedagogically on how there was a good amount internal almost sectarian conflict within the British Jewish community over the concept of Zionism...there was a good [perhaps virulent] anti-Zionist sector of the Jewish community]. The other side had the Arabs under Sayyid Hussein bin Ali and (his most prominent son) King Faisal who under the false pretense of the British revolted against Ottoman empire and were promised a Arab Kingdom that included the "Holy Land", or so they thought.
Ultimately, the book is written from British perspective, but does a superb job of having balanced point of view of the Arabs and the Zionists. One controversy that can be argued form the book is weather the British were actively being deceptive and perfidious with the Arabs, who did not found out about the Balfour Declaration until it was almost to late or was it just a whetting out the "Divide and Conquer" tactic that best fit the crumbling Empire. I think Scnheer makes it case for the latter, but not without a good exposition of the possible perfidious inclination of the Home Office, but let the reader make his own decision. (While the Zionist employed their suave persuasion skills in the conversations/dinners in England, the Arabs were putting their lives on the line in hope of a Kingdom, i.e. the almost suicidal track to Aqaba under the ambitious genius T.E. Lawrence aka "El Aurens", and revolt against a much better organized and efficacious Turkish military).
Schneer writing style is almost too good to be true...I read the book within a week. The book is intended for a non-academic audience and it does an excellent job in its narrative style, but Schneer does such a good job at organizing his well-analyzed research [the book is divided very effectively into chapters that deal with the Arabs, the Zionist, The British Home Office, etc.] that I think the book can be used for an academic audience as well. In fact, it would do well for an introductory book on the background & context of the history of the modern Middle East.
I personally read this book to help me prepare for reading Lawrence's romantic Seven Pillars Seven Pillars of Wisdom: A Triumph and I think it has done just that...also it most probably has help me prepare for reading Fomkin's A Peace to End All Peace A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East.
Overall: MUST READ!