The debt is an intense film in that it portrays the determination of a traumatized people, that is the Jews of Israel, to bring to justice an evil and notorious Nazi war criminal who tortured and murdered concentration camp prisoners under the guise of medical scientific research. Based on the war criminal Dr. Mengele, the film portrays the efforts of Mossaid agents to capture and bring to justice this war criminal by having him stand trial in Israel. Things do not go according to plan, and as a consequence, a dark secret is created that torments the conscience of the agents.
There is a certain anguish about this film. The film aptly describes the emotional pain and suffering of the Jewish people in regard to the atrocities that were done to them by the Nazis, how even though the war may be over, the psychic angst continues unabated. The film explores how many in Israel have personal experience of family members who were murdered by the Nazis, and the seething anger to find justice against the perpetuators. The agents experience a moral grey zone in their pursuit of justice, to the point that they violate certain moral principles in the process and articulate a fear of becoming too much like the criminal they pursue. Should they kill the innocent to capture the guilty, hide the truth, or torture a vile human being like the war criminal they captured.
Overall, a good film even though the subject matter is disturbing and intense.