The Economic Naturalist's Field Guide: Common Sense Principles for Troubled Times Paperback – Apr 27 2010
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From Publishers Weekly
Widge, the orphan who infiltrated the Lord Chamberlain's Men acting troupe in The Shakespeare Stealer, returns. Now a bona fide member of the troupe, he acts as amanuensis to the Bard (who has broken his arm) in the writing of All's Well That Ends Well. Ages 10-14. (Feb.)n
Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information, Inc.--This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
“Witty, compelling, and sensible, these essays should resonate in this era of economic turmoil.”
“Frank’s writing sparkles, and the topics, which include health care and the subprime-mortgage crisis, are timely.”
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
A collection of columns Frank has written, this book gives short arguments in favor of Frank's opinions on old and new political debates, with most of the justifications for the arguments ostensibly from economics.
Perhaps it's the length restriction on the columns, but almost all of them come off as a collection of hasty generalizations and shoddy reasoning. For example, several times he justifies higher taxes on the rich because otherwise they would just spend their money on something frivolous like a new yacht. There may be lots of good justifications for taxes, but this isn't one of them - yacht companies employ people just like other companies do. Even when I agreed with Frank's conclusions, I felt embarrassed with the reasoning he used to arrive at them.
There are a few flashes of insight, and nuggets of wisdom interspersed, but ultimately this book seemed like a cheap cash in on the success of the last one.
Frank begins with income inequality, asserting that most countries tend to push against increasing income inequality, but in the U.S. we enact tax cuts for the wealthy and cut public services for the needy. However, even the wealthy have been made worse off, on balance, by recent tax cuts - per Frank. On the benefit side, tax cuts have led the wealthy to buy larger houses; however, since economic satisfaction if primarily established on a comparative basis, the primary effect is merely to redefine what qualifies as an acceptable dwelling. Meanwhile, deficits have led to cuts in financing for basic scientific research, public health, highway maintenance, "loose-nuke" security of former U.S.S.R. weapons - threatening the long-term economic prosperity of all, including the wealthy. (A bit of a stretch, but interesting.)
Frank then acknowledges that government does waste money from time to time (my experience in education, the military, and health care tell me he doesn't BEGIN to understand how much), but waste is not limited to the public sector. Watches, for example, cost up to $700,000. (I'd be embarrassed to wear one - mine was $29.95 at Wal-Mart, with Atomic accuracy.) More importantly, the middle-class and poor are more likely to spend any tax savings than the rich.
A corollary of the "it's-your-money" argument is that the government should never redistribute income from the rich to the poor. Frank says that no government follows this admonition, and it would sometimes harm the rich. For example, fewer than 10% of L.A. vehicles are over 15 years old, and they produce over half the smog. Further tightening new car standards is several times as costly as meeting standards by eliminating exemptions for older vehicles. Alternatively, raising taxes on high-income motorists could finance vouchers enabling low-income motorists to scrap their older vehicles. The required taxes would be much smaller than resulting savings from not having to adopt more costly standards for new vehicles.
Similarly, private health insurance in the U.S. delivers worse outcomes (47 million uninsured) and substantially higher costs (31% administrative costs) than single-payer systems (17% administrative costs in Canada) in most every other industrial country.
Frank also points out that the Earned Income Credit (EIC) does not discourage hiring, as do increases in the minimum wage.
Bush II tax cuts were rationalized on the basis that they would stimulate robust economic growth. However, the basic hiring criteria - taught even in Bush advisor textbooks, is that workers will be added whenever their output can be sold at prices exceeding added costs. (Me thinks Franks slipped a gear here. Tax cuts would increase the amount left after sales, and therefore also should increase hiring.)
Bush II proposed repeal of the estate tax. Doing so would reduce federal revenues by about $1 trillion from 2012 - 2021. To help reduce costs, Bush also proposed cutting veterans' health care, educational and vocational training, etc. When these cuts are associated with repealing the "death tax," voters are 4:1 against; when these cuts are not mentioned, voters are 3:1 in favor. Regardless, as it now stands, less than 1% will ever pay any estate tax.
Japanese CEOs earn less than 1/5 that of the American counterparts and face higher marginal tax rates on even that - similar to the U.S. situation in the 1950s. Ergo, says Frank, American CEOs don't need all that money and tax relief to be motivated.
Etc., etc., etc. - worth reading!
The book consists of a collection of prior articles, organized by general themes and woven together with additional narrative. The book should not be looked at as "the definitive word" on the topics in question; indeed, Frank himself prefaces his article on the AOL/Time Warner merger with the caution that it was the worst piece he'd ever written. However, the book does take a look at various economic topics in an accessible an engaging way, and presents interesting perspectives that would probably be new to most.
Those with a strong ideological tilt in either direction will probably not appreciate the book, but it does provide an interesting and engaging look at a variety of economic concepts in play in the real world.
Be aware that this book is the same content that the one named : The Return of The Economic Naturalist: How Economics Helps Make Sense of Your World.
I bought 2 books with different name but same content ;-)
Some of the other reviews here take a highly negative view of the book - but basically their arguments seem to boil down to the politically simplistic ideologies such as tax 'bad'. Not considering why there are taxes, or how they might be used. Franks books looks at taxes through the lens of incentives - sometimes they are good and sometimes they are bad.
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