The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger Hardcover – Dec 22 2009
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“A important book ... [Wilkinson and Pickett] argue that gross inequality tears at the human psyche, creating anxiety, distrust and an array of mental and physical ailments -- and they cite mountains of data to support their argument.” ―Nicholas Kristof, New York Times
“Wilkinson and Pickett make an eloquent case that the income gap between a nation's richest and poorest is the most powerful indicator of a functioning and healthy society…Felicitous prose and fascinating findings make this essential reading.” ―Publishers Weekly (starred)
“In this fascinating sociological study, the authors do an excellent job of presenting the research, analyzing nuances, and offering policy suggestions for creating more equal and sustainable societies. For all readers, specialized or not, with an interest in understanding the dynamics today between economic and social conditions.” ―Library Journal
“The Spirit Level will change the way you think about life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, especially if you live in the United States. You will reexamine what it means to be successful, how you will seek and achieve personal satisfaction, and what you owe your fellow citizen.” ―Jo Perry, BookBrowse.com
“It has taken two experts from the field of public health to deliver a major study of the effects of inequality on society. Though Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett are British, their research explores the United States in depth, and their work is an important contribution to the debate our country needs.” ―Robert B. Reich, from the foreword
“Might be the most important book of the year.” ―Guardian
“Fascinating and deeply provoking…The Spirit Level does contain a powerful political message. It is impossible to read it and not to be impressed by how often greater equality appears to be the answer, whatever happens to be the question. It provides a connection between what otherwise look like disparate social problems.” ―David Runciman, London Review of Books
“This is a book with a big idea, big enough to change political thinking … In half a page [The Spirit Level] tells you more about the pain of inequality than any play or novel could.” ―John Carey, Sunday Times
“Epidemiologists Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett don't soft-soap their message. It is brave to write a book arguing that economies should stop growing when millions of jobs are being lost … we know there is something going wrong, and this book goes a long way towards explaining why … anyone who believes that society is the result of what we do, rather than who we are, should read The Spirit Level because of its unarguable battery of evidence, and because its conclusion is simple: we do better when we're equal.” ―Lynsey Hanley, Guardian
“A crucial contribution to the ideological argument. [The Spirit Level] demonstrates the scientific truth of the assertion that social democrats have made for a hundred years – sometimes more out of hope than intellectual certainty … Equality is not just a policy for the poor; it benefits us all and, therefore, should appeal to us all … The importance of The Spirit Level is that it provides a vital part of the intellectual manifesto on which the battle for a better society can be fought.” ―Roy Hattersley, New Statesman
“The connection [between income inequality and dysfunctional societies] is spelt out with stark clarity in Wilkinson and Pickett's remarkable new book. Income inequality, they show beyond any doubt, is not just bad for those at the bottom but for everyone.” ―Will Hutton, Observer
“Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett put forward compelling evidence that income inequalities are at the root of a wide range of health and social problems in society.” ―Niall Crowley, Irish Times Weekend Review
“Wilkinson and Pickett make a powerful argument as they pile on the charts linking inequality and society's problems.” ―Brian Clegg, BBC Focus
“[That Inequality causes social ills] is a sweeping claim, yet the evidence, here painstakingly marshaled, is hard to dispute.” ―Economist
“The Spirit Level reconciles the contradictory impulses the financial crisis creates [and] marshals voluminous evidence.” ―Guardian
“Many readers will be inspired as I am by a new book, The Spirit Level … Wilson and Pickett compare not only different countries, but also the 50 US states. They show that greater equality benefits not just the poor, but all occupational groups. [The Spirit Level has] lots of graphs but no jargon.” ―Peter Wilby, New Statesman
“[Wilkinson and Pickett] argue that, among the rich countries of the world, states with less inequality in incomes perform better on a wide range of indicators … The argument is a powerful counter to any simple equation of social progress and the advance of GDP.” ―John Kay, Financial Times
“A spruce, straightforward writing style is periodically illustrated with clear, easy-to-grasp graphs, presenting information from a wide array of sources … it is fascinating.” ―Stephen Price, Sunday Business Post Agenda
“Compelling and shocking. All free marketers should be made to memorize it from cover to cover.” ―Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, Independent
About the Author
Richard Wilkinson has played a formative role in international research on inequality, and his work has been published in ten languages. He is professor emeritus at the University of Nottingham Medical School.
Kate Pickett is a senior lecturer at the University of York and a National Institute for Health Research Career Scientist. They live in North Yorkshire, England.
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Top Customer Reviews
The Spirit Level challenges everything we've been told about why people get sick and what it takes to be healthy.
While public campaigns lecture us to eat right, stop smoking, exercise more, etc., in fact, our well-being has very little to do with our individual choices and everything to do with how society is structured. Put simply, inequality is extremely bad for our health.
The United States ranks as the world's most unequal nation, far outstripping all other nations. The top one percent of Americans have a combined net worth that is more than triple the net worth of the other 99 percent combined. And the bottom 40 percent of Americans own less than nothing, because they are sinking in debt.(1)
Wilkinson and Pickett compare income inequality within 23 of the world's richest nations and all fifty US states. They found that, at every income level, people living in more unequal nations and states suffer:
*lower life expectancy
*higher infant mortality
*more mental illness
* more drug and alcohol addiction
* more obesity
* higher rates of imprisonment
* less social mobility
* more teen pregnancies
* more high-school dropouts
* poorer school performance
* more school-age bullying
And the extent to which people at every income level suffer these problems is directly related to how unequal is the society in which they live.
In contrast, people living in more equal societies and states enjoy better mental, physical and social health - at every income level.Read more ›
Societies like that in Denmark, Norway, Japan, while different, are in such a contrast to those of the US and UK that I have a hard time not moving to Copenhagen immediately. The visual representation in rates of violence, mental illness, voter turnout, perception of fear, education results, childhood mortality, among countless other variables, are plotted against socially-equal vs. socially-unequal countries (and also the same spectrum of states in the US for a deeper dive). The results are consistent across the board, with social ills increasing as social inequality increases. Being from Canada, at least we're in the middle of the group.
So when I consider some policies in the US which ingrain poverty, and also the coddling of the wealthiest, I understand that the ills that come with that, and the societal danger are not mutually exclusive. I'd recommend the accompanying equalitytrust.org.uk website with the videos and research presented there as well. We can get to a better society worldwide, and understanding this material can surely help with that.
The bulk of the book is devoted to examining, one by one, various social ills and demonstrating they are correlated, in rich societies at least, to the degree of income inequality within the society. The greater the inequality; the worse off the society, regardless of its overall wealth. This explains, for example, why the USA, one of the world's wealthiest countries, has higher levels of mental illness, lower life expectancies and so on, than poorer countries in which income is distributed more equally than in the U.S. The results are consistent both in comparisons between selected rich countries and in comparisons between the U.S. individual states. The data presented is extensive and well documented.
It is easy to concur with the authors. After all, isn't it obvious that taking inequality to the extreme by limiting all income to one or a few individuals would be disastrous? And too, we have the example of the odious income of Wall Street bankers which has had less than ideal results. Still, some of the correlations cited are more difficult to accept as causal than others. For example, call it a gut feel but it seems likely something more than just income inequality is needed to explain high rates of obesity.Read more ›
Most recent customer reviews
This analysis of income inequality and its effects on societies worldwide is compelling. If politicians do not heed the conclusions, humanity will suffer.Published 21 months ago by J Douglas Wilson
Really enjoyed reading this novel, provided evidence to back up many things I had believed in quite some time. Read morePublished on Oct. 30 2012 by goucher19
I had to give a one star because i could not give nothing...! This book is not worth the paper it is written on: this is not the kind of wisdom, of sprit, we need in the world we... Read morePublished on Feb. 23 2012 by zirka