The Spirit Level New Edition: Why Equality Is Better For Everyone Paperback – Dec 14 2010
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'A profoundly important book whose findings challenge the preference for growth over equality' Richard Layard --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
About the Author
Richard Wilkinson has played a formative role in international research and his work has been published in 10 languages. He studied economic history at the London School of Economics before training in epidemiology and is Professor Emeritus at the University of Nottingham Medical School and Honorary Professor at University College London. Kate Pickett is a Professor of Epidemiology at the University of York and a National Institute for Health Research Career Scientist. She studied physical anthropology at Cambridge, nutritional sciences at Cornell and epidemiology at Berkeley before spending four years as an Assistant Professor at the University of Chicago. Her work, with Richard Wilkinson, on The Spirit Level was shortlisted for Research Project of the Year 2009 by the Times Higher Education Supplement, and their book was chosen as one of the Top Ten Books of the Decade, by the New Statesman.
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Top Customer Reviews
The Spirit Level challenges everything we've been told about why people get sick and what it takes to be healthy.
While public campaigns lecture us to eat right, stop smoking, exercise more, etc., in fact, our well-being has very little to do with our individual choices and everything to do with how society is structured. Put simply, inequality is extremely bad for our health.
The United States ranks as the world's most unequal nation, far outstripping all other nations. The top one percent of Americans have a combined net worth that is more than triple the net worth of the other 99 percent combined. And the bottom 40 percent of Americans own less than nothing, because they are sinking in debt.(1)
Wilkinson and Pickett compare income inequality within 23 of the world's richest nations and all fifty US states. They found that, at every income level, people living in more unequal nations and states suffer:
*lower life expectancy
*higher infant mortality
*more mental illness
* more drug and alcohol addiction
* more obesity
* higher rates of imprisonment
* less social mobility
* more teen pregnancies
* more high-school dropouts
* poorer school performance
* more school-age bullying
And the extent to which people at every income level suffer these problems is directly related to how unequal is the society in which they live.
In contrast, people living in more equal societies and states enjoy better mental, physical and social health - at every income level.Read more ›
Societies like that in Denmark, Norway, Japan, while different, are in such a contrast to those of the US and UK that I have a hard time not moving to Copenhagen immediately. The visual representation in rates of violence, mental illness, voter turnout, perception of fear, education results, childhood mortality, among countless other variables, are plotted against socially-equal vs. socially-unequal countries (and also the same spectrum of states in the US for a deeper dive). The results are consistent across the board, with social ills increasing as social inequality increases. Being from Canada, at least we're in the middle of the group.
So when I consider some policies in the US which ingrain poverty, and also the coddling of the wealthiest, I understand that the ills that come with that, and the societal danger are not mutually exclusive. I'd recommend the accompanying equalitytrust.org.uk website with the videos and research presented there as well. We can get to a better society worldwide, and understanding this material can surely help with that.
The bulk of the book is devoted to examining, one by one, various social ills and demonstrating they are correlated, in rich societies at least, to the degree of income inequality within the society. The greater the inequality; the worse off the society, regardless of its overall wealth. This explains, for example, why the USA, one of the world's wealthiest countries, has higher levels of mental illness, lower life expectancies and so on, than poorer countries in which income is distributed more equally than in the U.S. The results are consistent both in comparisons between selected rich countries and in comparisons between the U.S. individual states. The data presented is extensive and well documented.
It is easy to concur with the authors. After all, isn't it obvious that taking inequality to the extreme by limiting all income to one or a few individuals would be disastrous? And too, we have the example of the odious income of Wall Street bankers which has had less than ideal results. Still, some of the correlations cited are more difficult to accept as causal than others. For example, call it a gut feel but it seems likely something more than just income inequality is needed to explain high rates of obesity.Read more ›
Most recent customer reviews
This analysis of income inequality and its effects on societies worldwide is compelling. If politicians do not heed the conclusions, humanity will suffer.Published 21 months ago by J Douglas Wilson
Really enjoyed reading this novel, provided evidence to back up many things I had believed in quite some time. Read morePublished on Oct. 30 2012 by goucher19
I had to give a one star because i could not give nothing...! This book is not worth the paper it is written on: this is not the kind of wisdom, of sprit, we need in the world we... Read morePublished on Feb. 23 2012 by zirka