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The Wealth of States: A Comparative Sociology of International Economic and Political Change Paperback – Mar 13 1997
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"...useful insights and important correctives to conventional (Marxist and liberal) arguments..." George Modelski, American Jrnl of Sociology
The Wealth of States is the first sustained analysis of the overlap between historical sociology and international relations. Through a detailed examination of nineteenth century trade regimes, and the Great Powers' efforts to increase their military capabilities, the author reveals the importance of the state as an autonomous actor in international politics and economics, which is not dependent upon dominant economic classes. The book thus represents a distinctive approach which goes beyond the existing paradigms of marxism, liberalism and realism.
Inside This Book(Learn More)
One of the principal limitations of international relations (IR from henceforth) has been an omission of the study of political and economic change (Cox 1986; Scholte 1993a, 1993b; Buzan, Jones and Little 1993: 26-7). Read the first page
Front Cover | Copyright | Table of Contents | Excerpt | Index | Back Cover
Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
The first two-thirds of this book consist of case studies of nineteenth-century trade policies in Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and four federal states (US, Canada, Australia, Switzerland). These are valuable, especially the chapter on Germany. This reinterprets the marriage of iron and rye in fiscal terms and debunks many claims in the conventional wisdom about the Junkers. The case study on the federal states, in contrast, largely follows conventional comparative accounts, though not necessarily the country-specific accounts. It would have been helpful to see Hobson reinterpret a few more countries - - it's not clear why France should be left out of this kind of comparative book. An overview of Latin America would not have been out of place, either.
The final third develops a sociological theory of the state around these cases and then situates the theory against sociological theories more generally. This is admirably ambitious, but the theory has far too many moving parts. Variables such as military competition, state-society relations, federalism, authoritarianism, and others all play a role in explaining variation between two (falsely dichotomized) outcomes - - protectionism and free trade. Hobson probably would have been better off expressing as many hypotheses as possible in probabilistic and continuous terms, using the data he painstakingly collected for the case studies. In fact, the case studies provide much more convincing evidence for mid-level comparative claims, which are more persuasive than his later attempts at synthetic grand theory.
All in all, this is an impressive book, and essential to the study of nineteenth century political economy.
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