I loved this book. The subtitle suggests the slamming of the church, but in fact there are many examples of local churches making great contributions in their neighbourhood. I really liked the point form format of major ideas - very useful for practical application and presentation to the larger audience.
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97 of 102 people found the following review helpful
Good intentions, toxic resultsNov. 16 2011
- Published on Amazon.com
Its title notwithstanding, this book is not a case for stinginess. Its author has four decades' experience of faith-based charitable work to his credit and draws on this experience as well as a host of anecdotes and research (which, however, he does not cite - the book does is one of advocacy, not scholarship). His is also not an argument against voluntary or faith-based giving in favor of public welfare or rights-based claims on the state. Rather, with multiple and compelling examples, from weeklong `missions' of church youth groups to poor countries through inner-city charitable initiatives to the enormous Kroc grant to the Salvation Army, Lupton argues that this work needs to be rethought and reoriented.
As Brooks (Who Really Cares: The Surprising Truth About Compassionate Conservatism) has shown, giving by religious Americans, both to church-based charities and secular agencies like the Red Cross, is extraordinarily generous by any measure, in time, treasure, and talent, compared with that of secular Americans and citizens of other affluent countries. Lupton does not disparage these efforts or their (mostly) good intentions, but argues that most of this activity does more harm than good. Given the author's own commitment and credentials in the field, anyone engaged in this work will want to pay attention to his critique.
In some ways, Lupton echoes those 19th-century critics of "sentimental charity," who sought to replace random handouts with organized charity based on a relationship between giver and recipient that offered "not alms, but a friend" (the motto of the Charity organization Societies). Those charity reform efforts, which gave rise to the profession of social work, are widely disparaged today, not least by professional social workers. But the problem of how to help those who need help, whether through government programs or private charity, in ways that do not shame, demoralize, sap initiative, and create dependency remains, as Lupton shows, as big a challenge today as ever.
Lupton's approach, that of asset-based community development, aims to empower and partner with those helped, recognizing and engaging their capacity to contribute to their community with their own resources, knowledge, and wisdom. Instead of flying in with a team of eager young missioners to build a well for a poor village whose women have to carry water long distances on their heads - and coming back every year to fix `their' well - Lupton argues for an approach that facilitates engaging the skills and energy of the local people to fund, build, and manage their own well.
It is not a matter of being stingy rather than generous, but of helping in ways that truly help, without the enervating, dependency-creating disempowerment of much current charity in practice. Lupton's argument is not against charity as such, but for charity in its true sense of willing the good of the other. This implies, Lupton shows, a consistent focus on results rather than intentions, on the good of those helped rather than the supposed benefits to the giver (e.g., the 'life-changing experience' of young participants in expensive mission junkets or the warm feelings of congregations that want to help.) The virtue of charity in this view cannot stand alone. It requires the exercise of other virtues like justice and prudence, and full engagement of the head as well as the heart.
27 of 28 people found the following review helpful
Not the Quantity but the Quality of GivingJan. 11 2012
Dr Conrade Yap
- Published on Amazon.com
Focus on outcomes, not activities. Not all giving is good. In fact, much giving is toxic. This is the basic message in this book. Lupton in one sweep exposes the scandals both intended and unintended. He explains the reasons behind the flawed thinking behind conventional giving. He explicates the various alternatives to transform charity from toxic handout to healthy helping out. This book can be summarized in three ways.
Firstly, Lupton exposes the scandal of conventional giving. He questions why the poor remains so poor despite the huge aid given to them over the years. He wonders why handout lines continue to stretch. He probes the flaws of current giving models.
Secondly, the author re-calibrates the basic philosophy of good charity being learning to take the oath of compassionate service. Such an oath puts the development of the recipient's potential as primary, and the fulfilment of the giver's emotions as secondary.
Thirdly, the author tries to provide alternatives that redeems the whole giving process.
Readers will be shocked by the many revelations of how giving has not only not improved the conditions of the receivers, giving has become toxic instead. Thankfully, Lupton is able to articulate very practical and workable models for us to re-think and to restore good giving. What the poor and the vulnerable needs most are not more handouts or more problem solving. They need a helping hand to help themselves, and for the rest of the world to enable them to reach their highest potential. All good giving does precisely that.
I strongly recommend that all givers, both present and future read this book.
78 of 91 people found the following review helpful
Everyone Must Read ThisJan. 26 2012
- Published on Amazon.com
Criticism of missions is so common these days that it's almost boring. But it's legitimate criticism. The short-term "vacationaries" are indeed pathetic and deserve every bit of that criticism. Career western missionaries living U.S. lifestyles among their third world subjects taking the American exceptionalism brand of watered-down, family friendly religion to other cultures is disgusting. The happy suburban American white knights going into poor neighborhoods, passing out twinkies meanwhile patting themselves on the back for being such good Christians makes me want to puke. Do you see how easy and annoying it is to criticize western missions?
In this book, the author takes it to the next step in identifying why the modern western mission approach is so pathetic and unfruitful. He provides a set of principles that should be used in desigining any mission program whether it's a mission to a third world nation or to a neighborhood a half mile away. It's not a how-to book. The issues are too complicated and the people too diverse for him to write a simple set of instructions or a simple strategy. Following his guidance will not be easy. It will require studying people, identifying leaders and influences and creating relationships all before the first step is taken. If you're looking for an easy read that you can communicate to your pastor or group during a 30 minute presentation, then forget about it.
While this book is from the point of view of a religious person, the principles and information in this book are not religious at all. In fact, any talk of preaching or developing churches is totally absent. The only goal mentioned is helping people improve economically and socially. There is no spiritual diminsion to this book.
While the principles in this book do involve working with and developing leadership among the targeted groups, it is still from a perspective of white knights coming in and solving all the problems of the third world or inner city poor. While that can be annoying and is easy fodder for whiners, it shouldn't disqualify the entire book. It's a good book with sound principles from someone with experience. This book should not be ignored or overlooked.
20 of 21 people found the following review helpful
Important warnings, but relies too heavily on ideology instead of researchMay 5 2013
- Published on Amazon.com
In Toxic Charity, Robert Lupton embarks upon the much needed task of alerting the church to the pitfalls of poorly informed charitable giving, and showing how short many charitable efforts come in bringing real lasting positive change. He shares hard-won lessons and wisdom from years of work in inner-city service. The author does this with easy-to-follow and interesting stories that quickly show the reader how well-intentioned efforts have unintended results, and presents many great ideas for better ways forward.
However, while important warnings are raised, unfortunately Toxic Charity seems to fall short on solid research, leaning heavily on anecdotal stories and intuitions. While rightly rejecting that all giving works great, the book frequently falls into an almost equally simplistic ideology, that can be summarized, "avoid dependencies". Citations of research on the topics discussed are rare, and range from hearsay to simply false data, such as citation of a World Bank study that quoted the wrong region, wrong intervention, and wrong data.
Again, Lupton has some great suggestions, and certainly the focus on doing a better job of listening to recipients and seeking to understand and research what they truly need to be empowered is wise. But too much of the book fails to follow this advise, instead relying on following the intuitions of the anti-dependency ideology. Sometimes these intuitions are good, but often times they lead to poor conclusions. For example, anti-dependency mentality recommends always preferring microfinance over direct cash transfer. Microfinance has worked well in some situations, yet much of the most recent and best development research has shown very disappointing results in many others areas with microfinance, with remarkably promising results with direct cash transfers or free access to medicines. Such reality can't be explained by a single principle; human behavior and development economics are far more complicated.
As a theological book, this book uncovers nothing new and draws very little upon the real theological teachings of scripture on giving, rarely even referencing the Bible. As an economics book, the assessments seem to ignore the wealth of research and literature on behavioral and development economics. Combined, the economic and theological principles are weak. But Lupton's warnings about the pitfalls of giving are important wake-up call and his experience from years of working with churches in inner-city should prove invaluable to churches seeking to also bless and empower their communities by humbling listening and focusing on what recipients truly need.
Hopefully this book will push readers to reconsider how they give, but hopefully readers will resist the urge to settle for a single ideology and instead take up the admonition found in these pages to continually invest seriously in listening and researching what types of giving and interventions really work in their area of interest.
19 of 21 people found the following review helpful
read "When Helping Hurts" insteadJuly 20 2012
- Published on Amazon.com
This book is basically Lupton's manifesto and argument against everything other than a "community development approach" to ministering to the poor. The major flaw I found with this book is that the sin, insecurity, pride, ego, etc. of recipients of aid gets so little attention. His writing seems to put the blame on himself and others for the sinful responses that the poor have to our God-directed demonstrations of love. As Christians, we're called to love and bless even our enemies. Contrary to such lavish blessing we're supposed to show to others, Lupton appears a bit obsessed with the results our action can have and demonstrates a mortal fear of creating dependency in others. While, of course, it's unwise and poor stewardship to ignore potential flaws in our systems of giving, being so committed to this approach creates a very cold-hearted form of charity that can make an idol out of results.
As another reviewer mentioned, there is very little (almost zero) spiritual or overtly Christian dimension to this book. Perhaps it is all internal for him, but it's just odd to not have more theology and appreciation for the sinful nature of mankind be explicitly discussed in a such a book. It is a very insightful book for sure, but there is nothing terribly "Christian" about his approach or conclusions--accurate though they are. I would recommend, instead, When Helping Hurts: How to Alleviate Poverty Without Hurting the Poor... and Yourself. The conclusions are similar but the discussion will be more helpful for those seeking spiritual meat and desiring a more positive, humble tone.