_Ultimate Things_ by Dennis E. Engleman is a book dealing with the End Times from the perspective of an Orthodox Christian. Basing his study on traditional prophetic writings of the Church Fathers as well as from Sacred Scripture, in particular the writings of the prophets and the Books of Daniel and Revelation, Engleman shows how modern events bear out the prescriptions described in prophecy and explains the End of Days in terms understandable to the Orthodox Christian. Engleman focuses on the "Last Christians", those Christians who will be living during the End Times. During the End Times the church will dwindle in size because of mass apostasy and the Christians will be identified in the catacombs, tiny islands bearing the traditional marks of oneness, holiness, catholicity, and apostolicity or Christ's true church. Engleman considers the Tsars to have been true Christian rulers, and interprets the Last Tsar, Tsar Nicholas II, as "the one who restrains the mystery of lawlessness" from 2 Thessalonians. For Engleman and for Orthodox Christians, Moscow represents the "Third Rome", and the rise of the communist tyranny in Russia is an extremely troublesome event heralding the imminent apocalypse, in which the armies of "Gog and Magog" shall do battle. With the fall of communism in Russia during the 1990s the possibility of a New World Order has been put forth, and such a thing promises to achieve the Kingdom of Antichrist upon the Earth. The return of the Jews to Israel, the Holy Land, is a second event with deep historic and apocalyptic consequences. While the Jews have rejected Christ (the Pharisees calling for his crucifixion before Pilate), it is written that in the last days they will be converted. Currently Satan is held in bondage, but he will be released to wreak havoc upon the Earth. Engleman also discusses modern day decadence, moral depravity, and nihilistic despair which serve as signs of the coming apocalyptic developments. Population control methods (in particular the ready availability of abortion) as well as "New Age" spiritualities put forward by the United Nations ("the one world government") are paving the way for the coming of Antichrist. The Antichrist is likely to be a great unifier and problem solver, who will unite the world under his reign; however, he will also be a great deceiver who will deceive even many Christians. Engleman explains how Christians will not be "raptured" off the planet before the coming Tribulation and the Reign of Antichrist contrary to many of the false beliefs which currently exist within mass culture. In the light of Holy Tradition, the "Rapture" is shown for what it truly is, a demonic deception which will lead the true believers astray during the time of Antichrist. The Antichrist is likely to enslave many as foretold in Revelation, and many will be made to bear his mark, "the mark of the beast", upon their forehead or hand. This is to prevent the Christian from making the Sign of the Cross, which can be used to ward off evil and will be particulary pugnacious to the Antichrist. Two prophets will appear, Enoch and Elias, who will be martyred by the Antichrist. Finally, there will be a great battle at Armaggedon and Christ will come again in the Parousia, the Second Coming, to judge living and the dead. Only those Christians who "perservere till the end" by surviving in their underground catacomb churches shall manage to be among the Elect. Engleman writes that knowing these truths about the final days allows one to become constantly vigilant in one's faith. By returning to the Tradition of the Church, one can hope to survive during the coming Tribulation and Reign of Antichrist until Christ comes again. This book gives an excellent overview of the End Times from the perspective of the Orthodox Christian and clears up many misconceptions that abound. As a Roman Catholic, I agree with much of what Engleman has to say, particularly about the errors involved in the false doctrines of the "Rapture" as well as his interpretation of the End Times events.