The several existing favorable reviews on Amazon have my endorsement, and there is no need to repeat all that has been said about Duchesne's achievement, which required a huge research effort. He is much to be commended.
To make the issue here a simple one between "the West and the rest," as some may try to do, as though now and forever the entire world must bow down to the superiority of European culture and its offsprings, is to miss the central point. That point is that between ca. 1000 and ca. 1917, European culture, including the U.S., broke out, blossomed, surged creatively in virtually every area of human life--law, art, science, politics, religion, economics, technology, music, navigation, etc., etc., etc.--and in consequence reshaped the globe forever.
That fact seems so undeniable only a blinded ideologue could reject it, and it doesn't make the European surge any less impressive or unique to argue that it was only because of borrowing from China, or only because of the "lucky" discovery of Columbus, or only because of some peculiar geographic determinants that Europe achieved such dominance. Establishing "causes" is one thing--and Duchesne works at it seriously, disputing existing theories and presenting his own--but facts are facts.
What is needed only is some historicizing of the fact, that is, among the peoples of the earth, each may have a moment to make a contribution to the advancement of mankind. In the long run, whatever the source, everyone benefits. What is new and needed is ultimately adopted by all--democratic polities, the fundamentals of physical science, humanitarian and universalist principles. The Christian West's great moment was extraordinary and unprecedented, partly because it, too, borrowed readily from the ancient world of Greek and Roman and Jew.
Then in the 20th century, Europe imploded in the most ghastly fashion imaginable, from the trenches at Verdun to the Shoah, revealing obviously the obverse, the underside, of its achievement. The evils of imperialism and of all of the human sins that power releases, were revisited upon Europe itself.
In the next millennium, the West will certainly continue to contribute to what is now a global civilization, but the effort will be made worldwide also to rectify its errors and excesses, with regard to the planetary natural environment, for example. Its particular, unique, dazzling moment of genius has passed, however.
Multiculturalism, insofar as it represents respect and acknowledgment for the lifeways and accomplishments of all of the world's peoples is an important principle. It need not, however, carry along with it a moral and cultural relativism that absurdly wants to equate all human activities and practices as being of equal value. In 1994 a group of historians, fearful that the growing popularity of "world" history as the politically correct answer to the "rise of the West" would suppress the unique story of Europe, founded the scholarly organization, Forum on European Expansion and Global Interaction (FEEGI). With regular conferences and a journal, FEEGI, focuses on the worldwide European impact in the early modern period, without triumphalism. FEEGI does not maintain that the only initiatives, the only agency, were European, but it hopes to study what happened during this period of quite singular European expansion which changed the world.
Out of the massive amount of reading that Prof. Duchesne did to make his book incredibly thorough, he left out one work that informs my remarks above, a history of Europe from ca. 1000 to ca. 1917, that reveals the region's unique dynamism like no other work, Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy's OUT OF REVOLUTION: AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF WESTERN MAN (1938).