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The Uses and Abuses of History Paperback – Mar 17 2009
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"'In a world where the spin doctor has replaced the historian, MacMillan reminds readers of the importance of dispassionate, fact-driven narrative, as opposed to reassuring or self-serving accounts that pass for history while burying the unpleasant truths.' - Ottawa Sun 'This is history used as its own best argument' - The Toronto Sun" --This text refers to an alternate Paperback edition.
About the Author
MARGARET MacMILLAN is the renowned author of Women of the Raj, Stephen Leacock (Extraordinary Canadians series), and the international bestsellers Nixon in China and Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World, which won the 2003 Governor General’s Award and the 2002 Samuel Johnson Prize. She is also the author of The Uses and Abuses of History. The past provost of Trinity College at the University of Toronto, she is now the warden of St. Antony’s College at Oxford University.
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Top Customer Reviews
Macmillan argues that while history cannot teach steadfast lessons per se, it provides useful analogies to help guide us in the present. She cautions, however, that the correct analogies must be chosen in order to avoid serious errors in judgment. A case in point, was the use of the appeasement analogy by the Johnson Administration in the mid-60's, when deciding to further involve the U.S. in the Vietnam War. The majority of policy- makers used the Munich analogy of 1938 to argue that communism had to be stopped in Vietnam, otherwise it would spread throughout the region, much like the appeasement of Hitler by Great Britain and France, led to his conquest of parts of Europe. As history shows, the American debacle in Vietnam proved that this was the wrong analogy because communism did not subsequently take hold everywhere in Southeast Asia. The correct analogy was the one put forward by policy advisor, George Ball, who contended that the French experience in Indochina, a decade earlier, was a far better guide. In retrospect, Ball's analogy proved to be the right one.
Analogies act as guides to help us narrow the field in times of crises. By looking at the past for similar situations, we can better choose the right course of action in the present, knowing that a certain action engendered a particular consequence. Macmillan reminds us that historical events are always unique, but similarities exist between them that are useful.
The abuses of history make up the better part of this book.Read more ›
At least four points really need to be underlined with regard to "The Uses and Abuses of History", as well as the author in more general terms. First, MacMillan writes beautifully. This is not a small compliment, as MacMillan is an academic and it would have been possible for her to get bogged down in technical terms or details that make it difficult for complex subject matter to be accessible to the non specialized reader.
Second, MacMillan obviously has a passion for the study of history and can draw on a wealth of knowledge to make points clear about how history can and has been misused in different contexts. It was a real education for me to read the different cases when history was referred to by different leaders to make decisions. The examples are taken from the traditional "bad guys" of recent history, such as NAZI Germany, the Soviet Union, Communist China, North Korea and others, but they also involve decisions made and agendas put forth in other countries, including the US, Canada, the UK, France, Israel, Australia and other western or westernized nations, as well as from more distant history. History has also been misused by religious leaders, captains of industry, as well as educators and politicians.Read more ›
In particular, MacMillan is concerned about the "abuse" of history for nationalistic purposes. The dangers of revisionism through selective emphasis and narrow interpretations which according to MacMillan have been used by demagogue leaders to further their jingoistic agendas.
On the positive side, MacMillan discusses the recent popularity of genealogies in this increasingly post-modern society that we live in. Again, however, MacMillan cautions us about the tendency to narcissism without seeing the bigger picture.
MacMillan's writing is clear and easy to follow. Overall, this is a great book for the average reader to understand a little more about historiography and the challenges the contemporary professional Historian faces.
Most recent customer reviews
Excellent series of lectures on history as a tool of understanding and how to spot the misuse of historical information in support of causes. Read morePublished 4 months ago by DDolsen
An excellent book. It should be compulsory reading in high school history classes across the country, it not around the world.Published 8 months ago by Patrick Landine
This is not an in-depth look at the instrumentalisation of history but rather a small volume that reads like notes from a seminar or from a series of lectures given on the... Read morePublished 9 months ago by Anton
It is a good book written in Macmillan's style that uses many examples to support her argument. A good book for a discussion as it provides many examples of 'uses' of history to... Read morePublished 17 months ago by student
I have long been a fan of this author's work. This is what I expect from one of the premier historians of our times. Thoughtful,
involving, and so delicatley drawn. Read more