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Virtual Honeypots: From Botnet Tracking to Intrusion Detection Paperback – Jul 16 2007
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From the Back Cover
Praise forVirtual Honeypots
"A power-packed resource of technical, insightful information that unveils the world of honeypots in front of the reader’s eyes."
—Lenny Zeltser, Information Security Practice Leader at Gemini Systems
"This is one of the must-read security books of the year."
—Cyrus Peikari, CEO, Airscanner Mobile Security, author, security warrior
"This book clearly ranks as one of the most authoritative in the field of honeypots. It is comprehensive and well written. The authors provide us with an insider’s look at virtual honeypots and even help us in setting up and understanding an otherwise very complex technology."
—Stefan Kelm, Secorvo Security Consulting
"Virtual Honeypots is the best reference for honeypots today. Security experts Niels Provos and Thorsten Holz cover a large breadth of cutting-edge topics, from low-interaction honeypots to botnets and malware. If you want to learn about the latest types of honeypots, how they work, and what they can do for you, this is the resource you need."
—Lance Spitzner, Founder, Honeynet Project
"Whether gathering intelligence for research and defense, quarantining malware outbreaks within the enterprise, or tending hacker ant farms at home for fun, you’ll find many practical techniques in the black art of deception detailed in this book. Honeypot magic revealed!"
—Doug Song, Chief Security Architect, Arbor Networks
"Seeking the safest paths through the unknown sunny islands called honeypots? Trying to avoid greedy pirates catching treasures deeper and deeper beyond your ports? With this book, any reader will definitely get the right map to handle current cyber-threats.
Designed by two famous white hats, Niels Provos and Thorsten Holz, it carefully teaches everything from the concepts to practical real-life examples with virtual honeypots. The main strength of this book relies in how it covers so many uses of honeypots: improving intrusion detection systems, slowing down and following incoming attackers, catching and analyzing 0-days or malwares or botnets, and so on.
Sailing the high seas of our cyber-society or surfing the Net, from students to experts, it’s a must-read for people really aware of computer security, who would like to fight against black-hats flags with advanced modern tools like honeypots."
—Laurent Oudot, Computer Security Expert, CEA
"Provos and Holz have written the book that the bad guys don’t want you to read. This detailed and comprehensive look at honeypots provides step-by-step instructions on tripping up attackers and learning their tricks while lulling them into a false sense of security. Whether you are a practitioner, an educator, or a student, this book has a tremendous amount to offer. The underlying theory of honeypots is covered, but the majority of the text is a ‘how-to’ guide on setting up honeypots, configuring them, and getting the most out of these traps, while keeping actual systems safe. Not since the invention of the firewall has a tool as useful as this provided security specialists with an edge in the never-ending arms race to secure computer systems. Virtual Honeypots is a must-read and belongs on the bookshelf of anyone who is serious about security."
—Aviel D. Rubin, Ph.D., Computer Science Professor and Technical Director of the Information Security Institute at Johns Hopkins University, and President and Founder, Independent Security Evaluators
"An awesome coverage of modern honeypot technologies, both conceptual and practical."
"Honeypots have grown from simple geek tools to key components in research and threat monitoring at major entreprises and security vendors. Thorsten and Niels comprehensive coverage of tools and techniques takes you behind the scene with real-world examples of deployment, data acquisition, and analysis."
—Nicolas Fischbach, Senior Manager, Network Engineering Security, COLT Telecom, and Founder of Sécurité.Org
Honeypots have demonstrated immense value in Internet security, but physical honeypot deployment can be prohibitively complex, time-consuming, and expensive. Now, there’s a breakthrough solution. Virtual honeypots share many attributes of traditional honeypots, but you can run thousands of them on a single system-making them easier and cheaper to build, deploy, and maintain.
In this hands-on, highly accessible book, two leading honeypot pioneers systematically introduce virtual honeypot technology. One step at a time, you’ll learn exactly how to implement, configure, use, and maintain virtual honeypots in your own environment, even if you’ve never deployed a honeypot before.
You’ll learn through examples, including Honeyd, the acclaimed virtual honeypot created by coauthor Niels Provos. The authors also present multiple real-world applications for virtual honeypots, including network decoy, worm detection, spam prevention, and network simulation.
After reading this book, you will be able to
- Compare high-interaction honeypots that provide real systems and services and the low-interaction honeypots that emulate them
- Install and configure Honeyd to simulate multiple operating systems, services, and network environments
- Use virtual honeypots to capture worms, bots, and other malware
- Create high-performance "hybrid" honeypots that draw on technologies from both low- and high-interaction honeypots
- Implement client honeypots that actively seek out dangerous Internet locations
- Understand how attackers identify and circumvent honeypots
- Analyze the botnets your honeypot identifies, and the malware it captures
- Preview the future evolution of both virtual and physical honeypots
About the Author
Niels Provos received a Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 2003, where he studied experimental and theoretical aspects of computer and network security. He is one of the OpenSSH creators and known for his security work on OpenBSD. He developed Honeyd, a popular open source honeypot platform; SpyBye, a client honeypot that helps web masters to detect malware on their web pages; and many other tools such as Systrace and Stegdetect. He is a member of the Honeynet Project and an active contributor to open source projects. Provos is currently employed as senior staff engineer at Google, Inc.
Thorsten Holz is a Ph.D. student at the Laboratory for Dependable Distributed Systems at the University of Mannheim, Germany. He is one of the founders of the German Honeynet Project and a member of the Steering Committee of the Honeynet Research Alliance. His research interests include the practical aspects of secure systems, but he is also interested in more theoretical considerations of dependable systems. Currently, his work concentrates on bots/botnets, client honeypots, and malware in general. He regularly blogs at http://honeyblog.org.See all Product Description
Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
The fact is that these guys have pulled together an immense amount of experience into a book that will have you running your own honeypot in short order, and that's no small task. Setting up a honeypot/honeynet properly is *not* trivial. Tools like honeywall and argos are not for the faint of heart. But with VH, you'll have what you need to get started and most likely succeed.
Beyond the practical (i.e. step-by-step instructions on how to get things working), there is also plenty of theoretical. There truly is something for everyone in this book. Loads of info on low-interaction vs. high-interaction honeypots, plus legal and ethical points to consider for the budding honeypotter.
The proof is in the pudding for me - I now use argos to capture vulnerabilities in the wild, as well as sebek/honeywall/vmware to research worm propagation. I probably would have gotten there without this book, but certainly not as fast. Kudos to the authors - great book guys.
Obviously the book cannot cover each tool in depth, Virtual Honeypots goes into detail for honeyd and nepenthes and serves as a manual to help you get started. This is thrilling reading to the very end, the final three chapters are case studies ( war stories ), tracking botnets and working with the CWSandbox. I absolutely recommend this book and expect that I will keep it near my workstation for the next few months. I read it the first time on airplanes, I live in Hawaii so each trip to the east coast is ten hours airplane time and it took about 20 hours for me to work through the book. I plan to read it at least one more time, but with a computer nearby to try to apply some of this. Hats off to the authors, Provos and Holz for sharing their knowledge with the community.
Before I get into the chapter play by play stuff, let me just say that Chapter 8, Client Honeypots, is worth the price of the book. Client-side attacks are were everything is moving to and the days of a remote OS 0day or quickly fading away. One of the hardest things to automate and teach is client-side attacks because it used to involve user interaction (someone actually clicking on the email, link, .exe), but with the client honeypots they discuss in the book you can automate clicking on emails, clicking on links, spidering websites, and running the executables you download from the sites. You can also monitor your honeypot for changes after running the executable, good stuff!
Most of the other reviewers said you can skip the introductory material, and you could, but its better than the usual "beginning of the book/background" material. The book starts with honeypot/honeynet introduction. Chapter 2 covers high interaction honeypots to include a good chunk of information on VMware and your other "virtual" options including User Mode Linux and Argos. Chapter 3 covers Low interaction honeypots like LaBrea, GHH, and PHP.HoP for your web based low interaction honeypots. Chapters 4 & 5 are a healthy dose of honeyd. Chapter 6 is collecting malware with Nepenthes and Honeytrap. Chapter 7 covers Hybrid systems. Chapter 8 is, as discussed, Client Honeypots. Chapter 9 is on detecting low and high interaction honeypots. Chapter 10 contains Case Studies, Chapter 11 is Tracking Botnets, and Chapter 12 closes out the book with analyzing malware with CWSandbox.
My only gripes about the book were that they failed to talk about persistent versus non-persistent modes in VMware and there as no discussion of identifying VMware and Sebek in Windows. Configuring your virtual machine how you like it, then setting it to non-persistent is a great way to let users or attackers do whatever they want to the OS. The changes survive an OS reboot but if you reboot the virtual machine it goes back to the original state, very handy. The other gripe was a shortage of material on detection of Sebek on Windows hosts, its covered in-depth for Linux though. Detecting VMware and some other honeypot type tools like Sebek in Windows is fairly easy. Simply querying for their respective registry keys usually does the job :-)
Overall, a good book. Its useful, up-to-date, and relevant to security today.
A security technician with some degree of proficiency should be able to read Virtual Honeypots and then implement at least one of the solutions presented. This sounds like a fairly common event, but too often technical books do not provide the detail required to transform theory into practice. Virtual Honeypots offers installation and operational guidance for a variety of deception and analysis systems, primarily for server-oriented technologies. I especially gained a better understanding of Honeyd and Nepenthes, the two applications about which I cared the most.
While I liked the first 2/3 of the book, I have to say I really enjoyed the last four chapters. These covered Detecting Honeypots, Case Studies, Tracking Botnets, and Analyzing Malware with CWSandbox. Of these the final chapter was superb. Ch 12 has probably the clearest explanation of hooking I've read anywhere. I am not a rootkit writer or Windows kernel programmer, but the text was so well written I had zero problems following along.
I gave Virtual Honeypots five stars because it is so unique and well-written, but I do have a few minor issues to mention. First, I was somewhat disappointed by the honeyclients section (ch 8). I was not as confident that I could implement a honeyclient solution after reading the great material on server-oriented honeypots. Perhaps the second edition or a separate book will give greater attention to this area. Second, I found a few small technical items. On p 4, it isn't accurate to say "TCP...[gives] each packet a sequence number." Bytes of application data are numbered, not packets. On p 13 we are told to use a snaplen of 1500 bytes, but this will cut off the last 14 bytes of many Ethernet frames. Try it with ping -s 1472 while sniffing with Tcpdump. As you can see, these minor issues are easily fixed in a future printing and do not justify dropping a star.
If you are at all interested in potentially deceiving intruders, buy and read Virtual Honeypots. You'll learn about more than VMware (QEMU, UML, etc.) as well as numerous open source tools you can download and try for free. I look forward to reading more from these authors -- perhaps a book of true case studies?
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