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BMW 2-Valve Twins 1970-1996
BMW 2-Valve Twins 1970-1996
by John Haynes
Edition: Hardcover
46 used & new from CDN$ 26.72

2.0 out of 5 stars Sooner or later you will regret this purchase, March 20 2004
Buy the Clymer manual instead: it is far more comprehensive and much better illustrated. The modest extra cost is well worth paying!

The Shallow Graves of Rwanda
The Shallow Graves of Rwanda
by Shaharyan M. Khan
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 50.00
19 used & new from CDN$ 15.75

5.0 out of 5 stars A first class case study of a UN operation, March 25 2001
Although not quite perfect in its smallest detail, this is the most authoritative analysis yet available of the aid that the UN and the international community tried to provide to Rwanda after the genocide of 1994, concentrating on the period from the author's arrival in June of that year and tending to discuss UNAMIR's work at the operational rather than the tactical level - although it does cover, with dispassion and objectivity rather than overt emotion, a number of individual horror stories.
This must be regarded as a classic case study and, as one who worked under Ambassador Khan in Rwanda, I recommend it without reservation for students of the United Nations, those obliged to deal with this and other international organizations and, especially, those considering their resourcing.
The areas in which I would wish to assist Khan were he to revise his text for a future edition are: definition of the boundaries between Operation Homeward (which escapes mention under this name) and Operation Retour, and to give due credit due to Lt Col Tom Mullarkey for his formulation of Retour; Operation Hope and its role in the chronology of UNAMIR-RPF relations; Khan's somewhat rose-tinted view of UNAMIR's discipline and performance; and the captions of some photographs (Plate 5 is not of the medical centre in Kibeho but of a church somewhere else; Plate 6 is misdated - and definitely not of a scene in 1943; Plate 7 is of Kigali Prison rather than of Gikongoro's); amongst a full and mostly accurate coverage of the tragedy in Kibeho, correction of some minor flaws in the attribution of witness testimony.
In identifying these errors, this is not to say that I think this a poor book: I think it quite the opposite and believe that it deserves to be read very widely!

The United Nations and Rwanda, 1993-1996
The United Nations and Rwanda, 1993-1996
by United Nations Publications
Edition: Paperback
4 used & new from CDN$ 126.22

3.0 out of 5 stars A detached but authoritative view of the Rwanda crisis., Sept. 30 1998
This weighty tome comprises a 100-page overview, a detailed chronology and the texts of about 180 source documents including UN Resolutions, the Arusha Peace Agreements, reports from UNAMIR and other UN agencies, correspondence from a number of key players and an index of further material held in UN libraries. This book will be important to students of African history, international politics and of the UN's way of doing business but it is by no means faultless or complete. In sticking to the strategic level of decision making, Boutros Boutros-Ghali's history of the crisis remains detached to the point that many of his "primary sources" are, in fact, hearsay. (A significant proportion of his sources are actually his own reports to the Security Council and, since he was not on the ground, were self-evidently compiled from reports and submissions made by UN staff in Rwanda.) This is not to say that Boutros-Ghali is personally detached: in diplomatically-modest language, he makes plain his very great frustration at the time-consuming bureaucracy of his own organization and the inaction of the international community in the face of one of the most vicious and unsparing tragedies of recent times. At every turn, he reports the Security Council selection of the smallest and cheapest option open to it and even then, potential donors and contributors being unwilling to act. His problem must, however, be considered in the light of other operations and the vast number of blue berets serving around the globe in 1994/5. With the benefit of having served in UNAMIR and having witnessed some of the incidents reported by Boutros-Ghali at third or more distant hand, it is not surprising that this reviewer finds some imperfection. In particular, one of the printed texts outlines a situation from which he seems to have extracted the figure of 80,000 which he applies to the break out from Kibeho during the tragedy of 22 April 1995. The fact is that a much smaller number tried to break out from a crowd that had been 80,000 not long before. Notwithstanding this and other criticisms, Boutros-Ghali and the UN are to be commended for making this material accessible: it must, overall, prove of immense value to serious students of its subject.

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