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Stephen Pletko "Uncle Stevie" (London, Ontario, Canada)
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The Italian Job (Full Screen) [Collector's Edition] [Import]
The Italian Job (Full Screen) [Collector's Edition] [Import]
DVD ~ Donald Sutherland
Price: CDN$ 9.84
43 used & new from CDN$ 0.01

5.0 out of 5 stars Their perfect plan was met with an unplanned double-cross. Now it's time to get even and...RICH, May 18 2013
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"I trust everyone -- I just don't trust the devil inside them."

The above is what seasoned thief John Bridger (Donald Sutherland) says to his protégé Charlie Croker (Mark Wahlberg) in this absorbing and fun heist movie (based loosely on the 1969 British movie of the same name).

Charlie heads a gang of thieves that help him with his jobs:

(1) Stella (Charlize Theron), a safecracker and daughter to John Bridger
(2) Steve (Edward Norton) who is not liked
(3) A computer geek who wants to be called "Napster" (Seth Green)
(4) "Handsome Rob" (Jason Statham), the gang's main wheelman
(5) "Left Ear" (Mos Def), explosives expert

For this particular job, Charlie acquires the talents of "Wrench" (Franky G) and the contacts of "Skinny Pete."

I also liked, what some say, are the real stars of this movie: the Austin mini-coopers. They are used at a key point in the heist.

The movie itself is, as I said, quite fun to watch especially if you like heist movies. I found that it held my attention with its action. (There was little CGI in this movie.)

The acting is quite good especially by Seth Green, Jason Statham, Edward Norton and Donald Sutherland. Mark Wahlberg is the straight man and mastermind in this movie.

Also, look for Spiderman and Ukranians in this movie.

The background music is also quite good. It adds to each scene.

Note that despite this movie's title, only a small part of it occurs in Italy (Venice). The majority of the action takes place in Los Angeles.

When the movie appears to end and the end credits start rolling, don't exit. This movie continues a bit into the end credits.

Finally, the DVD itself (Full Screen Edition released in 2003) has six extras. All of them are interesting.

In conclusion, if you like heist movies and escapism, then this is one movie you have to see!!

(2003; 1 hr 45 min excluding some end credits; full screen; 16 scenes)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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Frankenstein
Frankenstein
by Mary Shelley
Edition: Mass Market Paperback
Price: CDN$ 5.99
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5.0 out of 5 stars Do you know the REAL story of "Frankenstein??", May 11 2013
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(Note: this review is for publisher Simon & Schuster's "enriched classic" edition of this book)

"Published [anonymously] in 1818, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley's "Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus" is a model for Gothic fiction, science fiction, and all the horror novels that followed it. Weaving the Gothic elements of the supernatural, terror, anguish, and love with the Romantic values of nature and individualism, Shelley delivers a chilling tale about unchecked ambition and the consequences of disturbing the order of nature. Generations of scientists, ethicists, psychologists, feminists, and artists have been inspired and riveted by Mary Shelley's dark story."

The above comes from the supplementary (or "enriched") materials found in this book that contains the "complete and unabridged" enduring classic novel by Mary Shelley (1797 to 1851).

The structure of this book has front supplementary material (a superb introduction, chronology of Shelley's life and works, and an important historical context of the novel) and back supplementary material (very important notes or glossary, interpretive notes which includes an overview of key themes in the novel, excerpts from critics of the novel, discussion questions, and a suggested book and film list). Sandwiched between this front and back supplementary material is the unforgettable novel itself.

This is not mentioned in the table of contents but the novel in this book is flanked by a preface (written by Shelley's husband who drowned in 1822) and an introduction to the edited third edition of this novel (written by Shelley herself in 1831).

Thus, the structure of this book with no detail is as follows:

Front supplementary material, preface, the novel proper, introduction, back supplementary material.

On the back cover of this book it has the phrase "enduring literature illuminated by practical scholarship." You'll have to read the novel to find out exactly why it has endured since 1818. What I can say is that the novel is "a timeless, terrifying tale of one man's obsession to create life--and the monster that became his legacy." (By the way, the Frankenstein movies that you may have seen bear little resemblance to the actual novel.) It is the concise supplementary material that is the practical scholarship which illuminates this novel.

This book is part of the "Enriched Classics" series which has good, helpful supplementary material. This series includes such titles as "Wuthering Heights," "Great Expectations," and "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn."

Finally, there were only two things that irritated me with respect to this particular book:

(1) On the cover page it states that the "supplemental material [is] written by Margaret Brantley." Who's Margaret Brantley? We're never told.

(2) We're not explicitly told the edition of the novel that's in this book. (Through doing my own research, it seems it is the original 1818 edition.)

In conclusion, this is truly a great work of literature that, as a bonus, is enhanced with helpful notes and insightful commentary. I guarantee that after reading this book, you will know the REAL story of "Frankenstein!"

(published 2009; supplementary materials published 2004; novel first published 1818; introduction; chronology of Mary Shelly's life and work; historical context of the novel; preface; the novel "Frankenstein;" Mary Shelley on her novel; notes; interpretive notes; critical excepts; questions for discussion; suggestions for the interested reader; 350 pages)

(novel "Frankenstein" in 4 letters and 3 parts or 23 chapters; 270 pages)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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The Bourne Ultimatum (Widescreen)
The Bourne Ultimatum (Widescreen)
DVD ~ Matt Damon
Price: CDN$ 9.88
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Jason Bourne: Full Throttle, May 5 2013
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This is the final movie in the Bourne trilogy following "The Bourne Identity" (2002) and "The Bourne Supremacy" (2004).

This film is loosely based on the novel "The Bourne Ultimatum" (1990) by Robert Ludlum (1927 to 2001).

Jason Bourne (Matt Damon) finally gets all the answers he was looking for in the first two films. In other words, all is revealed.

This movie takes us all over the world to such places as London, Paris, Madrid, and Tangier (in Morocco).

This is one, smart, action movie. It's also exciting. Action fans definitely will not be disappointed!

There are two chase scenes in this movie that are, in a word--unforgettable. These are a rooftop pursuit in Tangier and a New York City car chase. Also, there is one incredible fight scene.

Matt Damon gives a good performance as a former CIA assassin. As well, all supporting actors (such as Julia Stiles, Joan Allen, Scott Glenn, Albert Finney) give solid performances.

As with the two previous movies, the background music adds to each scene.

The DVD itself (the one released Dec. 2007) has seven extras. All of them are interesting.

Finally, some scenes employ a "shaky camera" technique. Personally, I found this interesting but some may find it distracting,

In conclusion, this is an excellent movie on which to end this trilogy. The numbers also prove this statement: this movie cost about one hundred and ten million dollars to make and the worldwide box office amount, thus far, is about four hundred and forty-three million!!

(2007; 1 hr, 45 min excluding end credits; wide screen; 20 scenes)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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Mercury Undercover [Import]
Mercury Undercover [Import]
Price: CDN$ 21.83
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4.0 out of 5 stars Why are we putting a potent neurotoxin into our mouths??, April 27 2013
This review is from: Mercury Undercover [Import] (DVD)
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"The story I'm about to tell you began 150 years ago. Since then it has worked itself into our environment, wildlife, and our bodies. A silent, hard metal that can run through your veins and attach to your organs, it will poison you little by little, taking your peace of mind away, and in the end, it will kill you."

The above is said by the narrator at the beginning of this interesting and extremely informative documentary.

The metal this program is talking about is mercury, also known as quicksilver. Its chemical symbol is Hg.

Mercury is a potent neurotoxin and pollutant linked to such conditions as chronic fatigue, anxiety, allergies, insomnia, irritable, bowel syndrome, learning disabilities, panic attacks, schizophrenia, asthma, and psychosis.

Throughout this program there is narration with comments from experts (professors, dentists, lawyers, environmental specialists, etc.).

The majority of this documentary is concerned with amalgam or "silver" fillings used in dentistry. Such fillings have up to 50% mercury.

We learn such things as the biochemistry of mercury toxicity, hear from some of the victims and survivors of mercury toxicity, how the pharmaceutical industries and dental associations are reacting, the problems with conventional medicine, amalgam removal, detoxification, etc.

The DVD itself (the one released in 2011) has four extras in the form of interviews. They are all interesting.

The only problem I had with this documentary is that it fails, I felt, to explain certain key points. For example, amalgam fillings are combined with other materials to make the mercury in them (we are told) harmless and inactive. (Just like flammable hydrogen combines with oxygen to form water.) So, how can the mercury in the fillings still cause harm? Or, we're told about amalgam removal. Then these amalgams have to be replaced with other material called a composite. How do we know that this composite material is safe and won't leak?

In conclusion, this is a powerful documentary that will make you think twice before you eat that catch-of-the-day or about your next dental visit!!

(2011; 1 hr, 10 min; wide screen)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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Near-Earth Objects: Finding Them Before They Find Us
Near-Earth Objects: Finding Them Before They Find Us
by Donald K. Yeomans
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 16.62
36 used & new from CDN$ 16.51

5.0 out of 5 stars "The dinosaurs became extinct because they didn't have a space program", April 20 2013
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"During the morning of October 6, 2008, Eastern Standard Time...[the] director of the Minor Planet Center, couldn't believe what his computer was telling him. In less than twelve hours, a near-Earth asteroid would collide with the Earth."

The above extract is found in this informative and accessible book by Donald Yeomans. He is a fellow and senior research scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where he's manager of NASA's Near-Earth Object Project Office. Yeomans joins such people as Einstein, Bach, and the Beatles in that he has an asteroid named after him.

According to this book, Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) are "comets and asteroids that approach the Sun to within [about 120 million miles] so...they can approach the Earth's orbit to within [about 30 billion miles]." Comets & asteroids and thus NEOs are "the leftover bits and pieces from the early solar system formation process."

This book conveys the following with respect to NEOs:

(1) scientific importance
(2) the origin and development of life
(3) future space resources
(4) the defence of our planet from a sizeable and thus damaging impact

In terms of life, we humans may owe our very existence (and our dominance of planet Earth--remember the dinosaurs) to NEOs that struck the Earth!!

We need to find NEOs early and track them to ensure that none of them has the Earth's name on it. While they are critically important for our future, if we don't find them before they find us, we may not have a future!! (One impact has the capacity to wipe out an entire civilization.)

The last three chapters of this book deal respectively, with NEO threats to Earth, predictions of NEO impacts, and the deflection of a NEO. Remember, "the question is not whether an asteroid has Earth's name on it but rather which one and when?"

(Oh, by the way, the above extract in quotation marks that begins this review actually occurred. It was later determined by tracking and calculations that this asteroid would not pose a threat to Earth.)

All the illustrations (diagrams and black & white photographs) in this book are very instructive and add another dimension to the main narrative. There are forty illustrations peppered throughout. As well, almost every page has footnotes that provide interesting additional information.

The photo on the cover of this book (shown above by Amazon) is an artist's portrayal of near-Earth asteroid "Apophis." On April 13, 2029, it will pass close enough to the Earth so as to be observable with the naked eye in Europe and North Africa. (Mark your calendar.)

Finally, Yeomans, as mentioned above, states that asteroids and comets can only be NEOs. Then what are objects such as meteors, fireballs, human-made or artificial satellites, and artificial space junk called?

In conclusion, this is a well-written book. Donald Yeomans tells us at the very end that:

"Near-Earth objects are among the smallest members of the solar system, but their diminutive size is in no way proportional to their importance. When it comes to their role in the development and future of humankind, next to the Sun itself, theirs is the most important realm."

(first published 2013; illustrations; preface; acknowledgements; 10 chapters; main narrative 155 pages; references; appendix; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything
God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything
by Christopher Hitchens
Edition: Paperback
Price: CDN$ 14.43
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A Theologian's Nightmare: "Thanks to the telescope and microscope, [religion] no longer offers an explanation of anything", April 13 2013
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"If I cannot definitely prove that the usefulness of religion is in the past,

[1] and that its foundational books are transparent fables,
[2] and that it is a man-made imposition,
[3] and that it has been an enemy of science and inquiry,
[4] and that it has subsisted largely on lies and fears,
[5] and been the accomplice of ignorance and guilt as well as slavery, genocide...and tyranny...
[6] [and that there is a] connection between religion, racism, and [dictatorship or] totalitarianism [as found, for example, in the Hitler and Stalin regimes],

I can most certainly claim that religion is fully aware of these criticisms.

It is also fully aware of the ever-mounting evidence, concerning the origins of the cosmos and the origin of species, which consign it to marginality if not to irrelevance."

The above is found in this fascinating book by Christopher Hitchens (1949 to 2011). He was a British-American author and journalist whose career spanned more than four decades. Hitchens was named number five an a list of the "Top 100 Public Intellectuals."

He supports his position that "religion poisons everything" with personal stories, documented historical evidence, and analysis of religious texts.

Hitchens is mainly concerned with the Abrahamic religions (the largest being Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) although he touches on other religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism.

I feel that the best way of conveying what this book has to offer is to list some of its chapter titles:

(1) Religion kills
(2) A note on health to which religion can be hazardous
(3) The metaphysical claims of religion are false
(4) Arguments from design
(5) Revelation: the nightmare of the "Old" Testament
(6) The 'New' Testament exceeds the evil of the "Old" one
(7) Does religion make people behave better?
(8) Is religion child abuse?
(9) A finer tradition: the resistance of the rational

One of my favourite chapters is the one where the author tells us that "there are, indeed, several ways in which religion is not just amoral, but positively immoral." These are:

(1) Presenting a false picture of the world to the innocent and [to those that believe too easily especially with no proof]
(2) The doctrine of blood sacrifice
(3) The doctrine of atonement
(4) The doctrine of eternal reward and/or punishment
(5) The imposition of impossible tasks and rules

Finally, the vocabulary used in this book is, in a word, impeccable. I, personally, appreciated this but some potential readers may have to resort to using a dictionary for some words.

In his book's acknowledgements section, Hitchens states,

"To all those...who live in...worlds where superstition and barbarism are still dominant...I hope this little book may fall [into their hands].

In conclusion, I fully agree with the endorsement on the book's back cover that states:

"an intellectual willing to show his teeth in the cause of righteousness."

Christopher Hitchens may be the best since Bertrand Russell's "Why I am not a Christian" (1927) to laying out essential arguments with both force and precision!!

(first published 2007; 18 chapters; conclusion; main narrative 285 pages; acknowledgements; references; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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The Joy of x: A Guided Tour of Math, from One to Infinity
The Joy of x: A Guided Tour of Math, from One to Infinity
by Steven Strogatz
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 21.94
10 used & new from CDN$ 18.99

4 of 4 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars "X" in this book's title = an entertaining and clear mathematics book, April 6 2013
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"[This book is] a guided tour through the elements of math, from preschool to grad school, for anyone out there who'd like to have a second chance at the subject--but this time from an adult perspective. It's not intended to be remedial. The goal is to give you a better feeling for what math is all about and why it's so enthralling to those who get it...

[This book] is an introduction to math's most compelling and far-reaching ideas. The chapters...are bite-sized and largely independent."

The above extract comes from the preface of this enthralling book by Steven Strogatz. He is a professor of applied mathematics at Cornell University. Strogatz is the recipient of a lifetime achievement award for math communication.

For me, this book reminded me of just how mesmerizing and beautiful mathematics can be.

The chapters are arranged in six parts:

Part 1 entitled "Numbers" begins the tour with kindergarten and preschool arithmetic. Pretty basic stuff you might say. However, I was surprised how much I learned from this part. For example, most people have memorized that when you multiply two negative numbers together, you get a positive result. This part explains why.

The next part entitled "Relationships" goes from working with numbers to working with relationships between numbers. This is at the heart of algebra. (Question: What did the mermaid wear to math class? Hint: the answer is given in the previous sentence, sort of.) In this part, I especially enjoyed the discussions on complex numbers, word problems, and on the "unsightly" but important quadratic equation.

Part 3 is entitled "Shapes." In this part, the focus changes from numbers and symbols to shapes and space. Here we enter the realms of geometry and trigonometry. Included in this part are good discussions of proofs, parabolas, ellipses, and sine waves.

In part 4 entitled "Change," we come to the most fruitful branch of mathematics called calculus (not to be confused with the stuff that builds up on your teeth). Calculus made it possible to predict the motions of planets, the rhythm of the tides, and almost every other form of continuous change in the universe. Good discussions of differential & integral calculus as well as vector calculus are included in this part.

The fifth part entitled "Data" deals with the relatively young subjects of probability, statistics, networks, and data mining. All of these subjects were inspired by the messy part of life: chance & luck, risk, volatility, and randomness.

The last part entitled "Frontiers" goes more deeply into the topics of parts 1 to 5. In this part are discussions of prime numbers, group theory, differential geometry, and infinity.

There are only two prerequisites needed to understand this book: curiosity and common sense.

Finally, who is this book written for? As the above extract says, those "who'd like a second chance" at math. However, it's also good for those who want a good review of basic concepts of mathematics. Also, this book may provide an important starting point for pursuing the study of a particular topic in mathematics.

In conclusion, this book provides a good, basic, and fun exploration of mathematics. I leave you with this word problem found in this book:

Imagine a bathtub with two faucets, one for cold water and the other for hot water. If the cold-water faucet can fill the tub in a half-hour, and the hot-water faucet can fill it in an hour, how long will it take to fill the tub when they're running together? (Hint: the answer is not 45 minutes.)

(first published 2012; preface; 6 parts or 30 chapters; main narrative 255 pages; acknowledgements; notes; credits; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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The Stardust Revolution: The New Story of Our Origin in the Stars
The Stardust Revolution: The New Story of Our Origin in the Stars
by Jacob Berkowitz
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 17.87
42 used & new from CDN$ 10.33

5.0 out of 5 stars Singer Joni Mitchell was right when she sang "We are stardust", March 30 2013
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"The Stardust Revolution is the story of the greatest genealogical search of all time. It's extreme genealogy. It's extreme in terms of time, connecting us back to the very beginnings of time and space in the Big Bang. It's extreme in what it tells us about the nature of our ancestors. They were stars...In extreme genealogy, the traits [of inheritance] we're talking about aren't recognizable in family photos with a glance in the mirror...The elements [of inheritance] are more fundamental: the types of atoms from which we're composed, the chemical bonds between them, the molecules that make up our cells."

The above is from the prologue of this extremely well-researched book by Jacob Berkowitz. He is a science author.

Berkowitz takes the reader step-by-step tour through scientific history where we learn among other things "the origins of the stardust revolution," that stars have "light fingerprints," and about "the astronomer's periodic table." From here, we take a tour of "the invisible universe" where the author discusses such things as "an elemental view of life." The book ends with a discussion of "the living cosmos" where the reader encounters "the men who first held stardust" and learn of "DNA from space." Included in this final part is excellent information on extrasolar planets or exoplanets--planets not of our solar system.

Today, we have new breeds of scientists called astrobiologists and astrochemists who are taking the study of life into the space age. (Astrobiologists study the origins, evolution, and distribution of life, not only on planet Earth, but in the universe.)

Stardust science itself is filling in the missing pieces in human evolutionary history, extending our family tree back to the...stars.

Finally, besides a few black-and-white diagrams throughout, there are two sets of colour photos found in this book. My favourite photo is of "the cosmic chemistry cycle."

In conclusion, once you read this book, I guarantee that you will never look at the night sky the same way again. I leave you with this profound paragraph (with my upper-case emphasis added) found in this interesting, well-written book:

"We are in the midst of the third in a series of scientific revolutions that have shaped our understanding of our origins and place in the universe. The first revolution was the COPERNICAN REVOLUTION, which in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries removed the Earth from the divine locus as the center of creation and joined our planet with the other planets orbiting the Sun. Three centuries later, the DARWINIAN REVOLUTION removed humanity's distinct, divine biological status to place [our] species in the ebb and flow of all life on Earth. We are now in the midst of a third seismic shift in our understanding of our place in the living cosmos--the STARDUST REVOLUTION. It is merging the Copernican and Darwinian Revolutions, placing life on Earth in a cosmic context."

(first published 2012; prologue; notes for the journey; 3 parts or 9 chapters; main narrative 310 pages; acknowledgements; a note on sources; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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The Particle at the End of the Universe: How the Hunt for the Higgs Boson Leads Us to the Edge of a New World
The Particle at the End of the Universe: How the Hunt for the Higgs Boson Leads Us to the Edge of a New World
by Sean Carroll
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 18.59
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Learning about what may be the greatest scientific achievement of our time!!!!, March 23 2013
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"This is the story of the people who have devoted their lives to discovering the ultimate nature of reality, of which the Higgs [boson] is a crucial component. There are theorists, sitting with pencil and paper, fueled by expresso and heated disputes with colleagues, turning over abstract ideas in their minds. There are engineers, pushing machines and electronics well beyond the limits of existing technology. And most of all there are experimenters, bringing the machines and the ideas together to discover something new about nature. Modern physics at the cutting edge involves projects that cost billions of dollars and takes decades to complete, requiring extraordinary devotion and a willingness to bet high stakes in search of unique rewards. When it all comes together, the world changes."

The above extract comes from the prologue of this extraordinary book by Dr. Sean Carroll. He is a theoretical physicist at the California Institute of Technology and an author.

Note that in the above extract that a "boson" is a collective term for all particles that carry a force. For example, the photon (a particle of light) carries the electromagnetic force. The "Higgs" in Higgs boson is after British theoretical physicist Peter Higgs (born 1929).

This book deals with science and thus reality. The Higgs boson helps humanity with reality by answering this question:

Why do most particles have mass?

Personally, I read this book to learn about the Higgs boson but found that this book is so much more. (This book treats July 4, 2012 as the day the discovery of the Higgs boson was announced. Actually, it was tentatively announced on this day. As of March 14, 2013 there was tentative confirmation that the specific Higgs boson that was being searched for was actually found.)

Each chapter begins with a brief summary of what the chapter is about:

Chapter (1): "In which we ask why a group of talented and dedicated people would devote their lives to the pursuit of things too small to be seen."
(2) "In which we explore how the Higgs boson has really nothing to do with God but is nevertheless pretty important." (The Higgs boson has infamously been labelled "the God particle.")
(3) "In which we tear apart matter to reveal its ultimate constituents."
----------

(4) "In which we trace the colourful history of the unlikely pastime of smashing together particles at ever-higher energies."
(5) "In which we visit the Large Hadron Collider [LHC], the triumph of science and technology that has been searching for the Higgs boson." (The LHC is the nine billion dollar "particle smasher" or "atom smasher" that may have found the Higgs boson. The LHC's home is at CERN, the laboratory in the northwest suburbs of Geneva, Switzerland and the birthplace of the World Wide Web. A "hadron" is a particle that can be broken down into smaller particles. For example, a proton is a hadron.)
----------

(6) "In which we learn how to discover new particles by colliding other particles at enormous speeds, and watching what happens."
(7) "In which we suggest that everything in the universe is made out of fields: force fields that push and pull, and matter fields whose vibrations are particles."
(8) "In which we scrutinize the Higgs boson and the field from which it springs, showing how it breaks symmetries and gives the universe character."
(9) "In which we figure out how to find the Higgs boson, and how we know we've found it."
----------

(10) "In which we draw back the curtain on the process by which results are obtained and discoveries are communicated."
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(11) "In which we relate the fascinating tale of how the "Higgs" mechanism was invented and think about how history
will remember it."
(12) "In which we consider what lies beyond the Higgs boson: worlds of new forces, symmetries, and dimensions?"
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(13) "In which we ask ourselves why particle physics is worth pursuing, and wonder what comes next."

Notice that I divided the above chapters into six sections. The first section (composed of chapters 1, 2, 3) is an introductory section that details some elementary particle physics, gives explanations, etc. The next section (chapters 4, 5) explains particle or atom smashers in general and the LHC in particular. Section three (chapters 6,7,8,9) is more particle physics with explanation of the Higgs boson. The fourth and sixth sections are composed of one chapter each. Section five (chapters 11, 12) is an interesting section where the Higgs boson's past is explained with predictions of what the future of particle physics may bring.

For those readers who want to learn about particle physics and the Higgs boson, I would first read sections one and section three. After that, the other sections can be read in any order.

Throughout the book are peppered black and white illustrations that illustrate important concepts. Also included are two sets of colour photographs.

Finally. for those who think they may get lost in a "particle soup," there is an appendix that provides a brief "summary of the particles and their properties." Two other interesting appendices are also provided.

In conclusion, this book provides the exciting story of how the human desire for understanding led to the possible greatest scientific achievement of our time!! It is truly a glorious time to be a thinking person and to be able to appreciate this momentous achievement!!!

(first published 2012; prologue; 13 chapters; main narrative 280 pages; 3 appendices; further reading; references; acknowledgements; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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Hubble's Universe: Greatest Discoveries and Latest Images
Hubble's Universe: Greatest Discoveries and Latest Images
by Terence Dickinson
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 31.31
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars One word describes this book: SPECTACULAR!!!!, March 16 2013
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"In addition to being one of the greatest scientific instruments of all time, the Hubble Space Telescope's [HST] has given humanity a spectacular legacy of beautiful images of the universe. The best of these are displayed--and explained--in this book."

The above is found in the introduction of this mesmerizing and informative book by Terence Dickinson. He is the author of fifteen astronomy books. He was at one time staff astronomer at planetariums in Toronto and Rochester, New York. Dickinson has received numerous awards including the New York Academy of Sciences' Book of the Year Award. He has an asteroid named after him.

This book is divided into two intermingled parts: (1) images or photographs (2) text.

The images are fantastic. They are of the HST's greatest discoveries and latest images. This book contains more than 300 HST colour image. Note that a few images are not from the HST.

The text contains very comprehensive descriptions and explanations with supportive interpretive illustrations. All descriptions and explanations are grounded in science. I, personally, learned quite a bit from reading this text.

The quotation that begins this review is an example of a brief description that is located at the beginning of the introduction. Such a description is found at the beginning of each chapter:

(1) "The flagship of NASA's Great Observatory program, the [HST] is one of the most ambitious, legendary, and nail-biting science endeavours in human history. The payoff has been immeasurable: Hubble has given us the universe."

(2) "The universe was a different place in 1990, the year the [HST] was launched. The most powerful telescopes on Earth could see only halfway across the universe. Astronomers didn't know whether planets orbited other stars. Even the age of the universe was uncertain by a large margin."

(3) "Astronomy is a pre-eminently a visual science. Astronomers cannot collect rocks for analysis...or test chemical reactions in a lab. Everything must be deduced from the light that is emitted or reflected from far away in space."

(4) "Our Galaxy's industry is making stars. If we could view our Galaxy from high above [its]...stellar disk, it would resemble a sprawling city with a bright downtown hub, burgeoning suburbs of Sun-like stars, and avenues of young blue stars and nebulas. Interspersed are the raw materials for making stars: huge clouds of cold hydrogen gas laced with dust."

(5) "Stars are the universe's basic building blocks and, in many ways, are fundamental to the existence of planets and life in the universe. Over billions of years, they have collected themselves into a hierarchy of structures, star clusters, galaxies, and immense clusters of galaxies."

(6) "When [most stars'] nuclear fusion fuel is exhausted , they slowly fade to black. But...there are exceptions to this scenario. Some stars, particularly the most massive ones, end with a bang or a series of violent death throes. The death of a star occasionally produces a detonation so powerful, it can be seen halfway across the universe."

(7) "As spectacular as it looks in Hubble's views, the universe remains largely hidden from us. Its 10 billion trillion stars are the only truly luminous form of matter in the cosmos. They are essentially lights draped over an unseen structure. All the stars and galaxies represent only a fraction of the mass of the entire assembly. The rest of the scaffolding is made up of a mysterious substance called dark matter."

(8) "Galaxies are the majestic city-states of the universe. Astronomers estimate there are at least 100 billion galaxies in the known universe. Yet less than a century ago, astronomers knew of just one galaxy: our Milky Way."

(9) "Although the [HST] was designed to probe the most distant reaches of the universe, it also provides exquisitely sharp views of the Earth's companion worlds in the solar system."

(10) "Hubble's cosmic portfolio is full of grand views of familiar celestial objects: galaxies, nebulas, planets, and myriad stars. But some Hubble images are downright bizarre...Among the strangest pictures are those of events that come and go unexpectedly. Many of these we've never seen or not seen clearly, until Hubble's sharp vision was turned on them."

Finally, this book is like a one-volume library of Hubble's achievements and a complete record of the HST's enormous contribution to astronomy.

In conclusion, I can't say it enough. This book is SPECTACULAR! I cannot thank award-winning astronomy writer Terence Dickinson enough for providing to the citizens of planet Earth this informative, captivating, astonishing, and beautiful book of the Hubble Space Telescope's greatest discoveries and latest Images!!

(first published 2012; acknowledgements; introduction; 10 chapters; main narrative 295 pages; resources; index; photo credits; about the author)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>

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