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Stephen Pletko "Uncle Stevie" (London, Ontario, Canada)

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The Devil Wears Prada (Widescreen)
The Devil Wears Prada (Widescreen)
DVD ~ Anne Hathaway
Price: CDN$ 5.00
34 used & new from CDN$ 0.34

5.0 out of 5 stars "Everybody wants this. Everybody wants to be us", Aug. 10 2013

Co-assistant Andrea "Andy" Sachs (Anne Hathaway) to her fashion magazine boss Miranda Priestly (Meryl Streep) : "I didn't have a choice."

Miranda's response: "Oh, no, you chose. You chose to get ahead. You want this life, these choices are necessary."

The above dialogue is found near the end of this engrossing comedy-drama movie based loosely on Lauren Weisberger's novel "The Devil Wears Prada" (2003). ("Prada" is an Italian fashion label.)

This movie is the story of a young woman (Hathaway) who wants to fit into a fashion organization, does eventually fit in, and then realizes that she is giving up way too much just to keep fitting in.

Oh, I forgot to mention that this movie is hilarious. The story revolves around Miranda's assistants (the other more experienced assistant is played by Emily Blunt) trying to please her. Andrea gets help fitting in and other advice from the magazine's Art Director, Nigel (Stanley Tucci).

Enough has been said about Streep's superb performance. As the boss, she indeed plays her character as the "devil in high heels" with perfection. Both Emily Blunt and Stanley Tucci give stand-out performances as well.

The background music in this film is fantastic. Also look for several cameos such as the novel's author, Lauren Weisberger, Heidi Klum, and Ivanka Trump.

This movie was filmed both in New York City and Paris.

Having this film set in the fashion world, I felt, was the perfect setting in getting this movie's message across. Fashion obviously concentrates on the outer person but this movie reminds us that there is an inner person.

As well, this movie asks the subtle question:

"What would you give up and do to get ahead?"

Finally, the DVD (the wide screen edition released in 2006) has several fun and interesting extras. I personally liked the "Gag Reel."

In conclusion, this is a hilarious movie with a subtle message.

"That's all."

(2006; 1 hr, 45 min. excluding end credits; wide screen; 36 scenes)


Death: The Scientific Facts to Help Us Understand It Better
Death: The Scientific Facts to Help Us Understand It Better
by Richard Beliveau
Edition: Paperback
Price: CDN$ 18.77
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5.0 out of 5 stars "Life is pleasant. Death is peaceful. It's the transition that's bothersome", Aug. 3 2013

"While it is impossible to prevent death, it is...possible to [reduce] the fear of it by better understanding the...nature of the processes at work in maintaining life. Science...can demystify the mechanisms involved in death...

To talk about death is to come to grips with the ordeal that awaits us all; by being aware of its inevitability and by better understanding just what it is, we can enjoy every moment of this precious life more.

Understanding death better so as to get more out of life--this is our goal in this book."

The above comes from this well-written and comprehensive book by Richard Beliveau, PhD and Denis Gingras, PhD. Beliveau is a professor of biochemistry at the University of Quebec. He's also a research fellow in neurosurgery at Notre-Dame Hospital, professor of surgery and physiology at the University of Montreal, and research associate at the Center for Cancer Prevention at McGill University. Gingras is a researcher specializing in oncology at the University of Quebec.

This book explains the biological processes and the different causes of death (such as the wear and tear of time, infections, poisons, murder and execution) and, as well, examines the human perceptions of death throughout history and across cultures. It also reflects on our philosophical, scientific, & even spiritual understanding of death.

One of the hallmarks of this book is that it is extremely well-illustrated. There are abundant diagrams that help explain the science of death. Included are masterpieces of art, paintings, and sculptures.

Finally, I personally was impressed with how this book uses the most current research and medical analysis to explain concepts.

In conclusion, this book helped me immensely in my understanding of death. In doing so, I now appreciate life more!! As well, I know that:

"death won't take me alive."

(first translated edition from the French published in 2012; foreword; introduction; 11 chapters; conclusion; main narrative 255 pages; bibliography; illustration credits; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


The Epigenetics Revolution: How Modern Biology Is Rewriting Our Understanding of Genetics, Disease, and Inheritance
The Epigenetics Revolution: How Modern Biology Is Rewriting Our Understanding of Genetics, Disease, and Inheritance
by Nessa Carey
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 16.89
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5.0 out of 5 stars Welcome to the Revolution: an introduction to the fascinating world of Epigenetics, July 27 2013

"In biology, Darwin and Mendel came to define the 19TH century as the era of evolution and genetics; Watson and Crick defined the 20TH century as the era of DNA...

But in the 21ST century it is the new scientific discipline of epigenetics ["epi" meaning over or beyond] that is unravelling so much of what we took as dogma and rebuilding it in an infinitely more varied, more complex, and even more beautiful fashion."

The above comes from the introduction of this well-written, fascinating, and educational book by Nessa Carey, Ph.D. (virology). She works in the UK biotechnology and pharmaceutical sectors, and for the past seven years has specialized in epigenetics. She has strong relationships with leading epigenetics researchers, with medical labs in Europe, and with some of the most prestigious institutions in the US (such as the Harvard Medical School).

A human being is the product of an amazing interaction between the genes inherited from one's parents (genetics) and all the modifications that one's lifestyle imposes on those genes (**epigenetics).

Epigenetic modifications do not affect our genetic code but do affect the molecular mechanisms that regulate the genetic code's expression.

This is where this book comes in. It takes us on a scientific tour of what's known about epigenetic mechanisms and their implications especially for disease and aging.

Near the end of this book there is a chapter on plants and their "highly developed epigenetic system." Another final chapter explains the honeybee and epigenetics.

Carey concludes with a discussion of the future directions for epigenetics research and its ability to improve human health.

I appreciated the excellent illustrations peppered throughout this book to help me understand important concepts. As well, there is a glossary that I found to be invaluable.

Finally, it would be helpful to have some basic biology before reading this book. Also, I found it best to read this book slowly so as to get maximum understanding from it.

In conclusion, this is a good, solid introduction to the fascinating world of epigenetics. Welcome to the revolution!!

(first published 2012; acknowledgements; introduction; 16 chapters; main narrative 310 pages; notes; glossary; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


What We Know About Climate Change
What We Know About Climate Change
by Kerry Emanuel
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 12.24
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Scientific CONSENSUS: "climate is...changing...the change is caused mostly by [humans], poses important risks", July 20 2013

"Certain findings [by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] are NOT in dispute, not even among those generally sceptical of climate risk:

[1] Atmospheric concentrations of key greenhouse gases--carbon dioxide, methane, ozone, and nitrous oxide--are increasing , driven by the burning of fossil fuels and biomass...(From ice-core records, it is evident that present levels of carbon dioxide are higher than they have been in at least the last 650,000 years.)

[2] Concentrations of certain [atmospheric] aerosols have increased owing to industrial activity. [Aerosols are thought to have had a significant effect on climate.]

[3] The Earth's average surface temperature has increased by about 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit in the past century...(The year 2005 was the warmest [on] record, closely followed by 2010 and 1998.)

[4] Sea level has risen by about four inches over the past sixty years. (A little more than an inch of this rise occurred during the past decade.)

[5] The annual mean...extent of Arctic sea ice has decreased by 15 [to] 20 percent (since satellite measurements began in 1978).

[6] The acidity of ocean water has increased by about 30% since the beginning of the industrial era."

The above comes from this slim, informative, and well-written book by Kerry Emanuel. He is Professor of Atmospheric Science in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). In 2006, Emanuel was named one of "Time" magazine's "100 people who shape our world."

In this new edition of this small book (the first edition was published in 2006), Emanuel outlines the basic science of climate change and how the consensus that titles this review was reached.

This edition goes deeper into both the research and politics of climate change, trying to understand why many "reasonable laymen" have come to question the rigorous scientific scrutiny regarding this dangerous phenomenon.

In this edition, there is a new chapter on possible solutions for dealing with this global event. These include adaptation, mitigation, and geo-engineering.

There is no bibliography for this book. Since the author is a respected MIT atmospheric scientist, he can be regarded as an authority on the subject.

Finally, my only complaint is that this book has no index. Considering the nature of the subject and to make it easier to access important information, I think an index would have been beneficial.

In conclusion, for those that want a quick, up-to-date but authoritative overview of "what we know about climate change," this is the book to get!!

(this second edition published 2012; preface; 8 chapters; main narrative 95 pages; notes; about the author; about Boston Review Books)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


Ultimate Mars Challenge
Ultimate Mars Challenge
Price: CDN$ 26.99
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5.0 out of 5 stars "We have followed our 'curiosity' to another world--who knows where it will lead?", July 13 2013
This review is from: Ultimate Mars Challenge (DVD)

"On August 5, 2012, [a NASA] team made history. They built NASA's largest, most complex rover and landed it safely on the surface of Mars. Their success rested on a decade of exacting research and testing. They pushed the limits of technology and their gamble paid off.

Now a rover named `Curiosity' is seeking clues to the questions we've asked for ages: Did life ever take hold on Mars? Could it exist there now?

We've explored Mars before. Previous missions revealed a planet more dynamic than we ever imagined.

Curiosity will launch a new age of discovery driven by an enduring dream. This rover was created to unlock the secrets of the red planet. Its mission is the--ULTIMATE MARS CHALLENGE."

The above is said by the narrator in the preview of this absorbing and informative documentary.

This documentary that has fantastic graphics, looks behind the scenes to witness the challenges of building and testing all of the components of the mission. Given special attention is the new landing technique to lower Curiosity onto Mars' surface.

We're given a glimpse into its arsenal of science instruments onboard creating a kind of roving, robotic geo lab. The result is that Curiosity is as close as we can get to sending a human field geologist to Mars.

Another result: Curosity's capabilities herald a new era of Mars' exploration.

This documentary, as well, captures the excitement of Curiosity's arrival on Mars and its initial discoveries.

Finally, this film delves into the history of Mars exploration, revealing what we know and what mysteries remain.

In conclusion, this is an impressive, exciting documentary packed with information about the largest, most complex rover ever sent to the red planet!!

(2012; 55 minutes; wide screen; 6 chapters; NOVA--PBS)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


The Merry Wives of Windsor: Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
The Merry Wives of Windsor: Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
DVD ~ Sarah Woodward Christopher Benjamin
Offered by Fulfillment Express CA
Price: CDN$ 41.28
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars An Elizabethan "I Love Lucy", July 6 2013

This is the third play in William Shakespeare's (1564 to 1616) dramatic canon that has Sir John Falstaff, one of the playwright's comedic masterpieces, but this time as the lead character. He also appears in both parts of the history play "Henry the Fourth." (He is mentioned in another history play, "Henry the Fifth.")

This is regarded as a "minor" play perhaps because this comedy sounds so un-Shakespearean. However, scholars laud the creation yet again of the Falstaff character. He is both glorious and fun. And the "wives" are indeed "merry."

This play (written circa 1600) is the most purely farcical of all of Shakespeare's plays. It depends on lightening-quick timing between the actors and carefully choreographed actions. The "meaning" cannot be separated from the "performance."

This play is one of those plays that works better in performance than on the page, since it's filled with sight gags and spoken humour, including outrageous accents and bawdy malapropisms, that are hilarious on stage.

The Globe Theatre's fine production of this play brings this play to life. The comedic timing is impeccable. The accents and malapropisms as presented in this production are indeed hilarious. And the acting is just first-rate with all actors doing their jobs admirably.

Look especially for actor Christopher Benjamin who plays Falstaff, an old lecher, "well nigh worn to pieces with age," who nevertheless fancies himself as a lady-killer. And then there is Mistress Ford (Sarah Woodward) and Mistress Page (Serena Evans) who both prove that "wives may be merry and yet honest, too."

Also look for Dr. Caius (Philip Bird), a cantankerous French physician, usually "abusing God's patience and the King's English" and Sir Hugh Evans (Gareth Armstrong), a Welsh person who "makes fritters of English."

As well, look for Master Ford later disguised as "Master Brook" (Andrew Havill), a gentleman of Windsor, who is taught a lesson by the merry wives.

Finally, this play and production can be thought of as an Elizabethan "I Love Lucy." According to legend, this play mocks Sir Thomas Lucy, who caught the young Shakespeare poaching deer on his land and had him run out of town.

In conclusion, this is a good, solid, hilarious production of William Shakespeare's most frivolous play, which gives us a glimpse of the England of his own time and features one of his greatest comic heroes--Sir John Falstaff.

(2010; 2 hr, 20 min; wide screen, 23 scenes)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


Last Ape Standing
Last Ape Standing
by Chip Walter
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 17.24
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5.0 out of 5 stars Twenty-seven human species evolved but only one remains. How did that happen?, June 29 2013
This review is from: Last Ape Standing (Hardcover)

"Plenty of other human species had a good run; many considerably longer than ours. Some were bigger, some were stronger and faster, some even had heftier brains, yet none of those traits was good enough to see them through to the present.

What events, what forces, twists, and evolutionary [magic] made creatures like you and me and the other seven billion of us who currently walk the Earth possible?

Somehow only we, against all odds, and despite the brutal, capricious ways of nature, managed to far.


Our story begins once upon a time, a long time ago..."

The above comes from this interesting book by Chip Walter. He is a feature film screenwriter who has written and produced several award-winning science documentaries for PBS, in collaboration with the National Academy of Sciences. He is also a science writer. As well, Walter is an adjunct professor at Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science and Entertainment Technology Center.

Why is this book relevant? In Walter's own words:

"Because the human family tree, or more precisely, our very limited view of it, has changed so much in just the past five years."

This book answers the question: What enabled us to survive when so many other human species (like the Denisovans of Siberia or the Red Cave Deer people of China) were shown the evolutionary backdoor? Furthermore, why are we the dominant species?

This book draws on a wide array of scientific disciplines (especially paleoanthropology) to answer these questions.

I also enjoyed the discussions on morality and creativity.

There are illustrations and charts throughout this book. One very informative (and invaluable!) chart is entitled "The Human Evolutionary Calendar" where human evolution is compressed into a year!

Finally, included is a set of fifteen glossy photographs. My favourite is the cave painting by a Cro-Magnon artist.

In conclusion, this book is a must-read if you what to know why we (H. sapiens) are the 'last ape standing' and if you are curious to understand the roots of why we do, feel, and think the things we do both as a species and as individuals!!

(first published 2013; author's note; introduction; 8 chapters; epilogue; main narrative 180 pages; acknowledgements; notes; bibliography; index; a note on the author)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church: A Decade of Crisis, 2002-2012
Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church: A Decade of Crisis, 2002-2012
by Thomas G. Plante Ph.D.
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 55.10
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5.0 out of 5 stars This book is dedicated to "all those who have suffered from the tragedy of clergy sexual abuse in the Catholic Church", June 22 2013

"Few topics during the past decade have received the kind of constant media attention, heated debate, and expressions of such strong viewpoints and emotions as that of sexual abuse in the Catholic Church.

Yet behind the media frenzy are thousands of personal stories of vulnerable children and teens who were sexually violated by members of the clergy and thousands of astonishing stories of how bishops and other religious superiors often failed to protect victims and attempted to avoid scandal by covering up, denying, and minimizing these crimes.

The clergy abuse story is about too many bishops and priests behaving badly when they claim to be and are viewed [by many people] as the moral, religious, and ethical mentors and leaders of society...

The purpose of this book is to bring together some of the best minds on this topic--individuals who have been personally and professionally involved with the issue--in order to offer reflections about where we are ten years after the clergy abuse crisis unfolded...

We hope that this book will enable others to better understand and deal with clergy sexual abuse and to find ways to make this problem of the past and not of the future."

The above comes from the preface of this thoughtful, multidisciplinary book which consists of essays written by 23 authors. (Five essays have more than one author and one author is anonymous.)

Here are some facts about this book's authors:

(1) Ten have a PhD
(2) Seven are university professors
(3) Three are psychologists
(4) Two are abuse survivors
(5) Four are lawyers/judges.
(6) Eight are reverends/priests.
(7) One is a bishop.
(8) One is a criminologist.

(Note that an author can be in more than one category. For example, many university professors also have a PhD.)

The book itself is divided into parts. Each part consists of four essays (except the first part which consists of three essays and the last part which consists of one essay--an excellent concluding essay). Below I will give the title of one essay from each part:

(1) Tragedy and travesty: the sexual abuse of minors by Catholic clergy
(2) The failure of the Dallas Charter and canon law: a blessing in disguise. (The "Dallas Charter" is actually the "Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People" and took effect in 2002. It was drafted by Catholic bishops in the U.S. to respond to allegations of abuse)

(3) Scandal versus culture: mother church and the rape of her children
(4) Sexual abuse by Catholic clergy: the spiritual damage

(5) The response of religious institutes of men to the crisis of sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church in the U.S.
(6) Beyond the decade of crisis

This original work offers a wide range of reflections from those in the know, both complimentary and critical of the Church, on what has been done in the decade of 2002 to 2012 to stop and prevent this abuse. Each chapter or essay has endnotes.

There are no endnotes for the first essay since it a personal account of a woman abused, at the critical age of 14, by a Catholic priest. She is now in recovery.

One problem I had is that we are told in several essays that this is a "complex" issue. Unfortunately, we are never told exactly why it is seen as a complex issue.

Finally, this book is part of the "abnormal psychology series". Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with deviant behaviour patterns of individuals.

In conclusion, this is a first-of-its-kind work that separates fact from fiction regarding the sexual abuse scandal in the Catholic Church that was first reported in 2002. I leave you with the first paragraph of the last or concluding essay:

"More than 1,476 children were abused by priests from the Archdiocese of Boston alone. The men and woman who came forward with their stories of unimaginable depravity inflicted upon them as children have been called modern-day martyrs. These are the people for whom this book is written--the unsuspecting victims of manipulative, deceitful predators who often profaned the sacraments as they committed their atrocious acts."

(first published 2011; preface; acknowledgements; 6 parts or 20 chapters/essays; main narrative 250 pages; about the editors and contributors [or authors]; index; about the abnormal psychology series)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


Erasing Death: The Science That Is Rewriting The Boundaries Between Life And Death
Erasing Death: The Science That Is Rewriting The Boundaries Between Life And Death
by Sam Parnia
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 20.05
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
2.0 out of 5 stars First four chapters excellent; remainder of the book rambles, June 15 2013

"If we identify and understand the individual components that take place after...death has set in, we can try to slow down and stop those changes that are taking place [in cells]. Then we can also stabilize, restore, and finally repair and return the cells to a working order. This is, in a nutshell, the science and art of resuscitation. [Thus, the title of this book, "Erasing Death."]

This is exactly what we have learned we can now do with respect to the brain and the rest of the body after...death and cardiac arrest when there is no oxygen being supplied. It is not simple by any means, but with a good system of care, it can be accomplished."

The above comes from this book by Sam Parnia, M.D. (with Josh Young). Parnia, who seems to be the main author, is one of the world's leading experts in the scientific study of death, the human mind-brain relationship, and near-death experiences. He is an assistant professor of critical care medicine and director of resuscitation research at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. (Young is an author and journalist who specializes in co-writing books with notable personalities.)

The first four chapters of this book are just excellent. I was unaware of all the exciting research being done in resuscitation science until I read these chapters. I was looking to learning more from the rest of the chapters.

Unfortunately, the book from here seems to deteriorate into an opinion and speculation piece. The final chapters become much to long, repetitive, and are filled with anecdotal evidence.

In general, the book seems to ramble after the first four chapters.

One of the fixations the main author, Parnia, seems to have is near-death experiences. He spends way to much time on them. Parnia was intent on showing that they are real. He even goes so far as to call these experiences "actual-death experiences."

The obvious question here is:

"What do near-death experiences have to do with erasing death?"

I also found it interesting that Parnia did not reveal to the reader what numerous neurological studies indicate about near-death experiences.

Late in the book, Parnia even criticizes science.

Finally, why has this book no index? It is packed with information but there is not easy access to it.

In conclusion, the first four chapters of this book are excellent. After that, it rambles and deviates significantly from its premise of "erasing death."

(first published 2013; 11 chapters; main narrative 290 pages; acknowledgements; AWARE study collaborators; bibliography)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


Weird Life
Weird Life
by David Toomey
Edition: Hardcover
Price: CDN$ 17.24
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5.0 out of 5 stars "Might there be, somewhere, another kind of life entirely?", June 8 2013
This review is from: Weird Life (Hardcover)

"The subject of this book might, with varying degrees of justification, be called beta life, hypothetical life, non-standard life, non-terrain life, unfamiliar life, life as we do NOT know it , alternative biology, and (you knew this was coming) Life 2.0. I've settled on "weird life" because at the time this book goes to press, it seems to enjoy the most widespread usage, and because it conveys with great economy the sense of strangeness the subject deserves."

The above comes from this fascinating book by David Toomey. He is an associate professor of English as well as the director of the Professional Writing & Technical Communication Program at the University of Massachusetts (at Amherst). He is also an author.

Toomey makes us aware that in places where survival on Earth seemed impossible, scientists found organisms they called "extremophilies." These are organisms that thrive under extreme environmental conditions of heat, pressure, pH, etc.

But might there be life stranger than the most extreme extremophile? Toomey, through extensive research, shows that there is a strong possibility that there is.

The author begins by introducing us to the concept of a "shadow biosphere" on Earth. This is a hypothetical biosphere composed of weird life. (A "biosphere," in the case of the Earth, is all life existing in a region measured from the upper levels of the atmosphere to several kilometers beneath the planet's surface.)

Then he details the problems with our definitions of life. This leads to the ultimate question: would we be able to identify life if we found it?

The remainder of this book deals with hypotheses of life that differs from the familiar life we know (such as life driven by nuclear chemistry) and the places such life might call home (such as hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor or the exotic ices in comets).

One of my favourite chapters is entitled "Intelligent Weird Life." Included here is a good discussion of SETI (Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence).

Some scientists think there may be weirder life still residing in places where the laws that govern our universe are...otherwise The last chapter explains "weird life in the multiverse." (A "multiverse" is a hypothetical set of universes.)

Near the end of this book is a set of twelve glossy, black and white photographs. My favourite photograph has the following caption:

"Floaters. An imaginative depiction of `floaters' in [planet] Jupiter's stratosphere."

Don't know the meaning of such terms as "mesophil," "methanogen," or "synthetic biology?" Don't worry! This book has a helpful glossary.

Finally, I did find one minor error in this book. This is in the footnote that defines the variables of the famous Drake equation. For the third variable, "ne," it is defined here as "the fraction of those planets that are Earth-like." NO. It is actually the `number' of those planets that are Earth-like.

In conclusion, this is a truly well-researched book about "weird life." One thing you should take away from it is that our current knowledge of life forms may account for only a small fraction of what's really on Earth and in the Universe!!

(first published 2013; prologue; 9 chapters; epilogue; main narrative 220 pages; glossary; notes; works cited; index)

<<Stephen PLETKO, London, Ontario, Canada>>


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