on April 2, 2014
<i>A Random Walk Down Wall Street</i> centres around the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) which states that individual investors can not use past information (e.g. SEC reports, CEO interviews, and economic forecasts) to profit from trading stocks since these facts (and perhaps opinions) have already impacted the stocks' prices.
Based on economic theories on the EMH, the author argues that individual investors should invest in balanced index funds to try to replicate the market return -- the best scenario for any investor with an average amount of luck. He denounces active mutual funds as a waste of money since their high management expense ratios (MER) are not compensated by superior returns when compared to the index funds. He also provides other useful ideas to investors including introducing the idea that one's willingness to take risks should depend on one's future earnings potential.
This book is one of my favourite books on investing because of its highly practical advice backed by strong economic foundations. Fortunately, it has become extremely easy to follow his strategy given the wide availability of ETFs and relatively low trading fees for the average retail investor.
on June 23, 2009
Contrary to to JVI's opinion I think this book provides valuable information for us average people. It has been proven time and again that the average low cost index mutual/ETF funds in a diversified portfolio will beat the majority of managed funds, speculators, day traders over the long term. Sure there are people who can get stellar returns, but they are few and far between, the majority lose.
You have to ask yourself this, quoted from Carl Futia (a professional speculator): "Successful speculation requires that you outguess other speculators who are probably at least as smart and experienced as you are. Why do you think you can do this? What special knowledge do you have that few other people have? What's your edge?
If you think about this question honestly you will probably conclude that you don't have an edge. And if you don't have an edge you must not speculate."
on June 22, 2009
Sum up the whole book it's saying you can't beat the market because it's efficient and don't even try it. Just buy index fund. It's call the EMT (Efficient Market Theory), the author said you can't find bargain.
According to Markiel, Benjamin Graham is wrong (he got rich twice by buying bargain), Warren Buffett doesn't exists, Walter Schloss can not make 20%+ for 40+ years and still going on....
Through out the history of finance you can find examples like say this:
Consider the case of Saucony shoes. In mid-2003, Saucony had
a market capitalization of $88 million, with net working capital of
$70 million and a beautiful headquarters building worth $10 million.
After netting out these assets, the entire company was selling for
$8 million (because one owns the assets when one buys the company).
At the time, Saucony was generating approximately $133 million in
annual sales, $7.3 million in earnings, and $13 million in free cash
' ow. And one could buy all this'in effect'for $8 million!
So, clearly, Saucony's assets were available at a bargain price. Con-
verse had recently been purchased by Nike (NKE) for one-and-a-half
times sales plus the assumption of debt. That formula would equate
to at least $200 million for Saucony, not including its $80 million in
tangible assets. During early 2004, Saucony rewarded shareholders
with a special cash dividend of $26 million ($4 per share). That was
nice enough, but the true catalyst came when Saucony was acquired
at a premium price by Stride Rite (SRR) in mid-2005.
- book exert from Art and Science of Value Investing - by Kinko's founder