What are Carpets and Rugs Made out of?
The materials used to make carpets and rugs determine the price, quality, texture and appearance. 80% of most carpets are comprised of pile fibre. Carpet pile fibre is usually constructed using one of the following materials: wool, nylon, polyester and polypropylene.
Wool is considered the best pile fibre for carpets, due to its durability and softness. It can withstand years of heavy foot traffic while maintaining a soft and luxurious texture. Compared to nylon and polymer based carpets, wool is a natural fibre gathered from sheep. While this makes wool carpets sustainable, it usually signals to a much higher price tag as well.
Another reason why wool carpets are popular is that wool is naturally fire resistant. Although it can smoulder at certain temperatures, wool won’t catch fire, making it a safe choice for most living environments.
Nylon is a strong artificial fibre used in a majority of cheaper rugs and mats. Due to its affordability, strength and natural water resistance, nylon carpets are perfect for businesses that receive a lot of foot traffic from both inside and outside.
Polyester and polypropylene rugs are made with synthetic materials that have been engineered to be comfortable and durable. Besides being cost effective and relatively sustainable, certain polymer-based carpets and rugs are stain resistant.