The Avengers: A Jewish War Story Hardcover – Sep 19 2000
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Rich Cohen, author of Tough Jews, has written what he calls "a Holocaust story without a concentration camp" about Jewish resistance fighters during World War II. The Avengers: A Jewish War Story describes how three young Jews--Cohen's cousin Ruzka Korczak, her friend Abba Kovner, and Kovner's future wife Vitka Klemperer--created an armed, underground movement behind the German lines in Poland with the goal of sabotaging the Nazis and helping the Russians advance. Cohen reports that Kovner described the group's dilemma this way: "If we act cowardly, we die; if we act courageously, we die. So we might as well act courageously." The group's fighting outlasted the war to exact revenge on the Nazis held in Nuremberg and finally to fight for Israel in the 1948 War for Independence. Researching The Avengers, Cohen spent time with the surviving resistance fighters in Israel and in Eastern Europe. The result is a deeply personal and impassioned defense of a movement that some readers will view with pride and others will condemn as vigilantism. This book, like Tough Jews, is a lively, intelligent, and heartfelt work of Jewish history. --Michael Joseph Gross
From Publishers Weekly
As a child visiting an Israeli kibbutz on a family vacation, Cohen met a relative who had survived the Holocaust and emigrated to Israel. Slight and gray-haired, Ruzka looked a lot like Cohen's grandmother, but her stories introduced him to a little-known, remarkable group of Jews: the Avengers, who fought Nazis in the gloomy forests of Eastern Europe and later battled for Israel's independence. As Cohen notes, these "were the kind of people who inspired Joseph Goebbels to write in his diary, 'One sees what the Jews can do when they are armed.'" An ardent Zionist, Ruzka left her home in Poland in 1939, as German troops were occupying the country, and made her way to Vilna, Lithuania, where she hoped to find passage to Palestine. Arrested as an "illegal immigrant" upon her arrival, she was released through the efforts of a Zionist youth group who gave her shelter in their headquarters. There, Ruzka met Vitka Kempner, another young girl on her own, and Abba Kovner, a charismatic young man whose steadfast belief in resistance and canny strategies inspired the Avengers. In period-perfect detail, Cohen portrays scenes of ghetto life in Vilna, the efforts of a Jewish leader who thought he could help his people by collaborating with the Germans and, above all, the riveting story of the Avengers' escape from the ghetto, their acceptance of a renegade German officer who hated his army and their eventual emigration to Palestine. Cohen (Tough Jews: Father, Sons and Gangster Dreams) delivers a compelling story that not only amplifies the accepted version of Jewish experience in the Second World War, but also provides a terrific narrative of courage and tenacity. Photographs. (Sept.)
Copyright 2000 Reed Business Information, Inc.
Top Customer Reviews
The partisans' story begins like that of so many Holocaust victims who find that their rights are gradually being dismantled by the Nazi order that has overtaken their countries; and ends in Palestine immediately following the war, where, having lost families and friends, the three partisans rebuild their lives from scratch on the hot sands of what is to become Israel. Their story is painful at times, victorious at others, but always wrought with the tension of being one frantic step ahead of the Nazi enemy.
Cohen relates his cousin's story honestly--although he clearly regards his cousin and her friends as courageous and admirable, he does not portray the partisans as being perfect. In The Avengers, the partisans' world is filled with infighting, corruption, and another type of politics in which executions take place for partisans who don't toe the line of the commander in charge. His suggestions that his cousin and her two friends might have been a "love triangle" are a little salacious and tedious, but overall, the book is excellent and shouldn't be missed for anyone wanting to learn more about this much-ignored part of Jewish history during World War II.
One interesting point that is also made is that there were so many who believed that if they allowed just one more indignity, their lives would be spared. But there was no bottom to that barrel, and they went from having some rights taken away, to living in a ghetto, to having to select people for transport, etc. Yes, there were many who didn't fight back, and this is, too, their story. How do people behave when civilization crumbles? In the clear lens of hindsight, we might all say, "Oh, I would fight back. I would run. I would hide. I wouldn't let them get me." But if you were there, perhaps you would be one of those who thought - just one more indignity will satisfy our tormentors. The book does not demonize those people, for they, too, are a part of what happened.
A truly powerful work. I look forward to other works by this author.
This novel-like non-fiction offers many layers. The book opens with the author's discovery of his family and roots in Israel. Cohen's grandmother--one of nine siblings in Plosk, Poland--immigrated to America in 1920. The family intended for everyone to follow, but like so many poor Eastern European Jews, ran out of money. No one else was able to leave.
Several years after World War II, Cohen's grandmother learned from a former Polish neighbor that nearly every Jew in Plosk had perished. But her eldest brother's daughter, Ruzka Korczak, had survived as a partisan in the forests near Vilna, fighting with Abba Kovner and Vitka Kempner. She was the only member of the family in Poland who survived.
The book swiftly transports readers to the Vilna ghetto and a tale of survival and great courage. Shortly after Hitler and Stalin signed their non-aggression pact and German divisions flooded her area and town, Ruzka determined to move to Warsaw, where she hoped to meet the Zionist Youth Guard, HaShomer HaTza'ir. She planned to return to Plosk a few months later, when things calmed down. About 10 miles outside Warsaw, with the city in flames, she ran into a friend who told her HaShomir had moved to Vilna, in the Russian zone. She traveled three weeks to reach Bialystok and then crossed at night into Vilna, where shortly afterwards she met Vitka Kempner and Abba Kovner.
At that time, 200,000 people lived in Vilna, a third of them Jewish.Read more ›
Cohen begins by talking about his relatives in Israel and the gradual unearthing of the story of an extraordinary group of militant young Jews who populated and led the resistance during the horrors of WW2. The courage and grit of these individuals, the occupation of the forest, the young women circulating as gentiles through the city, and the relationship between and amongst them is carefully documented and recounted, as is the ultimate reunification of the three central characters in Palestine. Neither glamorizing the role each played, nor downplaying their courage, Cohen tells a story that must be told, giving us, perhaps, role models for our young people who look back at the holocaust and see only the horror of helplessness and the seeming passivity of those who marched into cattle cars to their own death. These were Jews who fought in mind, body and spirit.Read more ›
Most recent customer reviews
I found this book to be very clearly written and it gives, what I think, is the very difficult time the young partisans had in Europe during the time of WWll. Read morePublished 21 months ago by Norman Freedman
Cohen kept this reader captivated . He is an excellent writer. I enjoy books that are narrated without a lot of dialogue . Read morePublished on Jan. 18 2014 by Theresa
The Avengers follows the life of Abba Kovner and his associates, through the horror of Nazism through attempts at revenge, and to a life in Palestine. Read morePublished on July 14 2004 by je
Cohen's story is brilliant and courageous in the way it forces the Reader to acknowledge their hypocracies with regard to terrorism. Read morePublished on Nov. 16 2003
I'm a slower reader. I get bored by a lot of books but this was impossible to put down. Rich Cohen covers the pivotal story of young people confronted with outrageous injustice. Read morePublished on Feb. 7 2003 by TLD
I picked this book up after watch "UPRISING" the mini-series. I can't tell you what a compelling and interesting story this is!!! I fell in love with the main characters. Read morePublished on Feb. 1 2002 by Sandra M. Pollack
How do you react to people who see their own impending death?
The people in this book can clearly see their impending doom. Read more
Cohen's story of the Jewish resistance fighters presents a side of the Jews in WWII not often seen. The story chronicles the resistance beginning in Vilna and follows it all the... Read morePublished on Aug. 15 2001
This is an amazing story about an amazing group of people. The story of Abba, Vitka, Ruszka and their comrades opened my eyes to a world that not enough has been written about. Read morePublished on Aug. 13 2001 by "dave in milwaukee"
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