Capital of the World / Undertow / The Combat Import
|1. Capital Of The World - Abridged: The Street, Paco Into Shop; Imaginary Bullfight; Owner; Enrique; The Seamstresses|
|2. The Pompous Bullfighter; Tubercular Bullfighter; The Bullfighter Assistants; Cowardly Bullfighter; The Cafe Crowd; The Bullfighter Thinks Back; Paco Helps T.B. Bullfighter; Seamstress And Picador ( Furruca); Prostitutes With Paco - Solo Dance - Roy Fitzell|
|3. Paco Back In Shop; Paco Practices Bullfighting; The Knives Fight & Paco's Death|
|4. UNDERTOW: Opening - The Transgressor Is Born|
|5. UNDERTOW: The Transgressor Approaches Manhood|
|6. UNDERTOW: A Group Of Hoodlums Rush Past|
|7. UNDERTOW: Entrance Of Volupia|
|8. UNDERTOW: Polyhymnia Urges Salvation|
|9. UNDERTOW: Entrance Of Ate - Flirting With The Transgressor|
|10. UNDERTOW: Drunken Women Mock The Bridal Couple|
|11. UNDERTOW: Ate Returns With The Hoodlums|
|12. UNDERTOW: The Drunken Women Interrupt - Ate Escapes|
|13. UNDERTOW: The Transgressor & Medusa - Love And Death|
|14. UNDERTOW: Alone, The Transgressor Writhes In Fear|
|15. UNDERTOW: Finale - The Transgressor Atones For His Fatal Act|
|16. The Combat: Opening - Entrance Of Clorinda|
|17. The Combat: Tancred's Dance - Prince Of The Christian Warriors|
|18. The Combat: Clorinda And Two Christian Warriors Engage In Combat|
|19. The Combat: Clorinda Plea For Peace|
|20. The Combat: Return Of Tancred|
See all 24 tracks on this disc
These works have to rank as three of the most unjustly neglected dance-theater pieces of the American classical repertoire of this century. The main work here, Capital of the World (1953) by George Antheil is a curiously understated work (for Bad Boy Antheil), but it retains a kind of Old World nostalgia. (It's based on the Hemingway story of the same name.) William Schuman's Undertow (1945) is an eerie ballet in a classical setting and is about one man's hatred for women and his downfall. All the works on this disc, including the Banfield, resonate with the memory of WWII. In mono, but worth it. --Paul Cook
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"Capital of the World" by George Antheil (1900-1958) is based on a Hemingway story about a young Spanish boy who goes to Madrid with dreams of becoming a famous bullfighter. Virgil Thomson called this work "the most original, striking and powerful American ballet score with which I am acquainted." As with all the works on this CD, Joseph Levine delivers a top-notch reading (slightly abridged), clearly superior to the only recorded competition on a Centaur CD. I think this is one of Antheil's best compositions: it doesn't have the excessive reliance on Prokofiev/Shostakovich imitation that afflicts many of his symphonies.
"Undertow" by William Schuman (1910-1992, probably America's finest symphonist) was described as unfolding "like the confession of a neurotic to a psychiatrist. Its tortured hero, frustrated by his infantile love for his mother, writhes eerily through the ballet, doomed to hate the women who most attract him." My advice: ignore the pretentious plot and just listen to the music. I think it is has finer craftsmanship than the Antheil, and while sometimes dissonant it's always tonal: some of Schuman's finest music.
But my genunine affection for this CD and its LP antecedent lies in "The Combat" by Raffaello de Banfield (born 1927 in England). This is the deeply tragic love story of Tancred and Clorinda, based on a poem about the Crusades by Tasso, the Italian Renaissance poet. This is simply gorgeous music that echoes a bewitching mixture of influences, from Respighi and Ravel to Bartok, Malipiero and even Bernard Herrmann. The only other work I've heard by de Banfield is his one-act opera "Lord Byron's Love Letter," based on a libretto by Tennessee Williams. It's about a poverty-stricken mother and daughter in their crumbling New Orleans mansion. Their only valuable possession left is a letter written by the English poet (which they charge a fee to examine). If you enjoy romantic operas like Barber's "Vanessa" and Puccini's "La Rondine," you'll probably love this one, too. Still quite popular in Italy, it was once available in a 1958 performance by Nicola Rescigno with Astrid Varnay on RCA LP (a rare collector's item). A fine "live" 1991 performance conducted by Gianfranco Masini can be heard on an inexpensive CD (Aura 409).
Highly recommended, especially for de Banfield's "The Combat."
George Antheil and William Schuman of course need no introduction, but their respective ballet might. Antheil's Capital of the World is a late composition (1953) of the erstwhile bad boy turned conservative upon his return to America in the early 1930s. It is also a colorful score written for a ballet after Hemingway's short story with the same title, taking place in the bullfighters' world in Madrid - but it's not very original: in it I hear lots of Falla, some Broadway, whiffs of Prokofiev (and the Prokofiev of the lesser ballets at that) and echoes of Stravinsky's Petrushka. There are sections that Levine conducts with perceptibly more drive and elan than Barry Kolman, Antheil: Capital of the World/Symphony 5/Archipelago (especially in the more sentimental passages) - but not systematically, and in some passages he is even markedly more pedestrian and genial. One nice touch of Levine is that he has a small passage played by solo viola (track 3 at 3:23) rather than the full section like Kolman (3:39). But where Kolman clearly has the lead is that, ah, he comes in such incomparably better sound - and it does make a difference in a piece like this, where the orchestral color is the message and the substance - as to make any interpretive superiority of Levine fruitless (and really the merits are shared). Plus, Levine makes some cuts, some of them substantial and unfortunate. Comically, the liner notes boast "a unique feature of this recording... conceived by the composer as an integral part of the music": the flamenco foot-stamping of Roy Fitzell, principal male dancer of the Ballet Theatre: it comes at 7:57 on track 2. Kolman lets you hear the orchestra.
Schuman's Undertow was written in 1945, for the English choreographer Antony Tudor who was also one of the masterminds in the reorganization of the Morkin Ballet into the Ballet Theatre in 1940, and the company's resident choreographer for ten years. Undertow then comes from Schuman's early maturity, after Symphonies 3, 4 and 5 for strings. Seen from today the story is pretty silly, typical of an era when the American cultural and intellectual scene was discovering Freudian psychoanalysis with the over-enthusiasm of beginners. It features a main character called "the Transgressor", who because he was rejected by his mom in early childhood eventually murders a young seductress ("Medusa"). At times Schuman's debt to Copland's Cowboy style can be heard (tracks 6, 8 9) but at its best his score presents a syncopated dynamism, muscularity and sweep that are uniquely Schuman's (1, 7, 11-14). There was a competing studio recording in the LP era, made in 1950 by the composer himself conducting the Louisville Orchestra, on Mercury MG 10088, and ideally paired with Schuman's 1949 ballet Judith under Robert Whitney, but they are available only as mp3 downloads from Naxos (the Louisville-Whitney Judith available on CD, W. Schuman: Judith / Symphony 4 / Prayer in Time of War is a later remake from 1959, still in mono). Testament has released a broadcast recording of Guido Cantelli (The NBC Broadcast Concerts, December 1950). But really the ballet needs a modern, stereo recording.
Raffaelo de Banfield (1922-2008) was a Baron of something, son of an Austro-Hungarian nobleman and flying-ace and of an Italian countessa, and a jet-setter himself who liked to socialize with the high-society stars of Classical music and the arts like Karajan, Poulenc, Casals, Maria Callas, Picasso. Not that any of this counts. As a composer, he studied in Paris with Nadia Boulanger from 1946 to 1949 and "The Combat" was the piece that signalled his breakthrough in 1949. I hadn't enjoyed the one work of Raffaelo de Banfield that I have heard before - the opera "Lord Byron's Love Letter" (1955) after Tennessee Williams: he sounds to me like a sub-Menotti, a post-Puccini composer strayed into the second half of the 20th Century. But his Ballet "The Combat" is a little better than that. Yes the style remains post-Puccini, verging on Barber and at times definitely lapsing into maudling sentimentality (tracks 19 & 24), but in its best moments it does have genuine dramatic impact and there are touches that could come from Debussy's La Mer (strikingly track 17 at 1:30) or the ballets of Roussel. Track 18 with timpani has something of a romping and demented Rhumba. The story (and the combat) is that of Tancred and Clorinda from Tasso's Jerusalem Liberated, to which Monteverdi gave its timeless fame.
TT 71:38. I'll keep this CD only for Schuman's Undertow - and that is, only until a new, stereo recording shows up.