The Consolations of Philosophy Hardcover – Apr 25 2000
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"It is common," Alain de Botton writes in The Consolations of Philosophy, "to assume that we are dealing with a highly intelligent book when we cease to understand it. Profound ideas cannot, after all, be explained in the language of children." While his easygoing exploration of philosophers from Socrates to Nietzsche isn't exactly written for the Blue's Clues set, few readers will cease to understand it. Furthermore, it's a joy to read. De Botton's 1997 How Proust Can Change Your Life forged a new kind of lit crit: an exploration of Remembrance of Things Past, delivered in the sweet-gummed envelope of an advice book. He returns to the self-help format here, this time plundering the great thinkers to puzzle out the way we ought to live.
What was stunning about the Proust book was de Botton's brazen annexing of a hallowed novelist to address lite emotional problems. That format is less arresting when applied to the philosophers, since which earnest philosophy major has not, from time to time, tried to apply the alpine heights of thought to his own humble worries? Usually, sophomoric attempts to turn to, say, Kant for advice on love tend to be unmitigated disasters. In de Botton's case, however, he is able to find consolation for a broken heart in Schopenhauer, consolation for inadequacy in Montaigne. Epicurus, usually associated with a love of luxury, is a solace for those of us without much money--and de Botton learns from him that "objects mimic in a material dimension what we require in a psychological one. We need to rearrange our minds but are lured towards new shelves. We buy a cashmere cardigan as a substitute for the counsel of friends."
Lest the reader become burdened by all this philosophizing, the book is peppered with illustrations--the section on Nietzsche of course includes a DC Comics drawing of Superman. And it's further leavened by the author's personal anecdotes and winning confessional tone. Early on, for instance, he admits his own gnawing need for popularity: "A desire to please led me to laugh at modest jokes like a parent on the opening night of a school play." Before he became a medicine man for the soul, de Botton was a first-rate novelist, and it shows in his writing. --Claire Dederer
From Publishers Weekly
Three years ago, de Botton offered a delightful encounter with a writer many find unapproachable, in his bestselling How Proust Can Change Your Life. Now he attempts a similar undertaking--not wholly successful--with the great philosophers. In clear, witty prose, de Botton (who directs the graduate philosophy program at London University) sets some of their ideas to the mundane task of helping readers with their personal problems. Consolation for those feeling unpopular is found in the trial and death of Socrates; for those lacking money, in Epicurus' vision of what is essential for happiness. Senecan stoicism assists us in enduring frustration; Schopenhauer, of all people, mends broken hearts (by showing that "happiness was never part of the plan"); and Nietzsche encourages us to embrace difficulties. Black-and-white illustrations cleverly (sometimes too cleverly) accent the text: a "Bacardi and friends" ad, for example, illustrates the Epicurean doctrine of confused needs. Self-deprecating confessions pepper the book, a succinct account of an episode of impotence being the most daring. The quietly ironic style and eclectic approach will gratify many postmodern readers. But since the philosophers' opinions often cancel each other out (Montaigne undermines Seneca's trust in rational self-mastery, and Nietzsche repudiates "virtually all" that Schopenhauer taught), readers will need to pick and choose whose cogitations to take to heart. At his best (e.g., on Socrates), de Botton offers lucid popularization--an enjoyable read with "a few consoling and practical things" to say. (Apr.)
Copyright 2000 Reed Business Information, Inc.
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Top Customer Reviews
There is no one kind of philosophy, no single "best" use to put it to, and no one right way of going about philosophizing.
De Botton has come under a fair amount of ridicule from philosophers for focusing on the problems of life we all face, instead of so-called "serious" philosophical problems. But this book wasn't written for philosophers, so those detractors should keep quiet. De Botton is clearly writing here for the non-philosopher, for the average person who had a more romantic vision of what modern philosophy was.
It is true that very few notable thinkers in the history of Western philosophy have written about such subjects as how to be happy, how to deal with grief or a broken heart, which are the aim of de Botton's efforts here. But some have. Among the six presented in the book, Seneca, Epicurus and Montaigne are examples. In the case of Socrates, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche, De Botton uses the lives of these philosophers -- but not their philosophy - in order to pursue his self-help discussions. By doing so, he does not address the actual work of these thinkers, but that doesn't necessarily mean that he doesn't understand their real significance, nor is it a sign of his "betrayal" of these men or of philosophy.Read more ›
Socrates on ridicule from the masses.
Epicurus on the pleasures of life.
Seneca on frustration which leads to temporary anger and being at peace with things you cannot control.
Montaigne on inadequacy (the title of the chapter), but really the value of a simple life, and the frustrations that lead to denying a picture of the whole individual which includes the rational and the physical such as farting, and sex.
Schopenhauer on the illusion of love and the causes of rejection.
Nietzche on the obstacles between us and our goals, and living a full and invigorating life.
Each chapter presents a theme, e.g. love lost, and a philosopher. What that philosopher had to say about the subject and the life of the philosopher and how that philosopher met with that difficulty. Scattered throughout are some nice photos and illustrations that help to emphasize the point and keep the book light.
I would say nearly every page had a nice juicy quote worthy of remembering that was written either by the philosopher or by Alain de Botton.
I particularly like the first 2-3 chapters where Botton summarizes in bullet form the guidelines to 'think rationally' according to Socrates, or Epicurus steps to discover if you believe that a desire is necessary for happiness.
The biggest surprises for me was the chapter on Epicurus and his recipe for happiness. I have been told by all my teachers that Epicurus was a 'party animal'. And that is all that was said about Epicurus. On the contrary, this chapter presents Epicurus as probably the first scientist for happiness; happy-ology.Read more ›
1. Socrates - Unpopularity
Socrates, a man popular for being unpopular, says that popularity has nothin to do with truth or error, instead we should be concern with reasoning instead of major opinions.
2. Epicurus - Not having enough money
Not having enough money doesn't mean that we're not happy. Money only buys a safety net for it. Happiness is friendship, freedom, and thought.
3. Seneca - Frustration
That frustration leads to nowhere. Instead we better of endure and accept frustration
4. Montaigne - Inadequacy
No need to discourage and instead do something about it.
5. Schopenhauer - A broken heart
By telling the life story of Schopenhauer, who grief most of love.
6. Nietzsche - Difficulties
Nietzsche says that only through difficulties one can reach fulfilment
It's a light reading of philosophy to makes us feel better.
The language is simple and thus great as an introduction to philosophy.
Most recent customer reviews
Absolutely amazing. I love philosophy and I fing this book a great help to anyone going through difficulties or facing challenges. Read morePublished on May 8 2014 by Dr. Egypt
A nice "bite sized" introduction to some of the major themes in philosophy, with hints of how they apply still to modern life.Published on March 25 2013 by edward allen
I first saw this guy on video and liked his style. There seemed to be a push on his work (in the recommedations for you on Amazon) so I bought the book. Read morePublished on Dec 27 2011 by Amazon Customer
Plato, Socrates, Epicurus, Montaigne, Shopenhauer..."all" these philosophers lives and philosophies are vividly described by the author. Read morePublished on June 24 2004 by Kosovar
Wondering what it's all about? Bothered by big questions, such as, why am I here, why have I no friends, why didn't I get a promotion ? Read morePublished on May 15 2004 by 2cleverbyhalf
I had purchased How Proust Can Change Your Life some time ago and thought that it was wonderful. I was in the bathroom at Powell's and saw a poster for this book and went and... Read morePublished on Feb. 9 2004 by John Smeltzer
As with all things, this book has both positive and negative points. Alain De Botton writes in such a manner, that philosophy becomes available to the masses. Read morePublished on Jan. 22 2004 by M. W. Wheatley
Not to be mistaken for an introduction to philosophy, this little book is instead an entertaining primer on how to take a philosophical approach to life. Read morePublished on Dec 13 2003 by Anne