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Dell PowerEdge T20 tower Server System /Intel Xeon E3-1225 v3 3.2GHz Quad Core CPU / 4GB Memory / 1TB Hard Drive / DVDRW Drive / No Operating System
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- Dell Poweredge T20 Mini-tower Server - 1 X Intel Xeon E3-1225 V3 Quad-core (4 Core) 3.20 Ghz - 1 Processor Support - 4 Gb Standard/32 Gb Ddr3 Sdram Maximum Ram - 1 Tb Hdd - Serial Ata Controller - 1 X 290 W
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small Office/home Office - An Excellent First Server, Packing Large Internal Storage Capacity And Capable Performance Into A Compact, Quiet Mini Tower Chassis That Delivers Efficient, Worry-free Operation.
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Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon.com
Comes well packed in a typical Dell shipping box.
Includes 4 GB ECC RAM (not that you will leave it that way, but it gives you a baseline and a way to make sure it posts straight out of the box)
Nice fit and finish, particularly at this price point.
Good internal cable management.
Decent expandability for a server this size, up to 4 3.5" drives with snap-in plastic caddies included and 2 2.5" drives, although there are only 4 SATA ports on the board, so you will need an add on card for 6 drives.
Good compatibility with Windows Server 2012 R2. No additional drivers were necessary during the install, it even recognized the Intel software RAID array.
Also worked fine with Ubuntu 16.04, no hardware detection issues. I didn't try the software RAID.
Flexible memory options. In critical usage, use ECC RAM, but for less demanding requirements plain DDR3L works fine.
Only 1 NIC onboard. Not a big deal, since there are PCIe slots, but still.....
Funky power supply plugs. If you are going to use these in an importatant role you will need to either have a spare power supply on hand or an adapter cable, so you can swap out a bad supply quickly. To be fair, the Lenovo TS 140 also uses non-standard power supply connectors.
No hot-swap bays and no way to add any. Cold drive swaps only take a minute or so due to tool-less drive caddies though.
Overall, an impressive small server which in my view, pulls slightly ahead of the Lenovo TS 140 in overall value.
A couple of lessons learned with this guy if your going to install VMware. You will need to add RAM as the built in 4Gb will only show up as usable 3.97Gb and VMware will not install(yes there are some work arounds for this but not worth the bother). I installed ESXi V 6.5. I bought 2 8 Gb Dimms to bring me up to 16Gb. Jettison the 4 Gb dim. I tried to use it with the 2 new 8Gb ones and it was recognized but it seemed unstable and was not worth the extra 4G. Also if your going to use VMware the built in raid controller will not be recognized. I learned this one the hard way too trying to add a drive to set up raid 1 for a little redundancy. I would need to spend another, what, $100 bucks. Ill just return the extra drive I bought since this is really for a lab anyways but for you if it is a production server you may consider doing that. I hear the built in raid will work fine if you just installing something like Windows Server.
The good stuff though is it runs super quiet, is really light weight and super affordable for my purpose. Running a combination of Linux and Windows server based apps on the VM. Took me a while to get every thing figured out but I'm super happy so far. Some have said this is just a glorified desktop but I have not seen any desktops with Xeon processors so this is a true server just super mini with some limitations but if you looking for something small and don't need extreme horse power its a steal. It is fast though for what it is. Hope this post will be helpful to someone as it would have to me. I'm not an IT Guy but do a lot of tinkering so don't give me to hard of a time:)
I added a SSD for the system drive and database files.
I also added two more 1TB drives to create a RAID 5 array for files, images, and videos. This is all running off the built-in power supply. At the time of writing this review, the cheapest 1 TB Toshiba drives on Amazon are the same model that are included in this machine, if you want to buy matching drives for RAID.
I will be upgrading the RAM to 32 GB soon as we begin to host lots of remote desktop sessions in the upcoming months.
With 2-3 remote desktops hosted plus MySQL and files sharing with 10-15 users, this processor doesn't even go above about 10-20% usage. Memory is about 25% used. Performance has been great.
If you plan to install a server video card, check the power requirements. The built-in power supply is not very beefy.
It has 4 SATA ports on the board, if you need to expand storage you will have to install one of those add-on cards. I added a card with eSata port and hooked one of the RAID enclosures.
Ubuntu 16.04 installation was flawless. For some reason software RAID was performing better than a "hardware RAID" options. I am not an IT pro so I just measured power consumption with Kill-A-Watt with 6 simultaneous streams to TV and hand held devices (using Plex server). It was about 3-5% more efficient with "software" RAID option. Not a lot more, but if you have kids constantly streaming, then you can eventually save enough coins on electricity for a couple cans of beer.
One tip is definitely to upgrade RAM. Server comes with 4GB what is already ok, but if you want to boost performance, then definitely go for an extra RAM,
Overall, it is a perfect machine that you can configure to you needs.