The Dollar Hen: The Classic Guide to American Free-Range Egg Farming Paperback – March 7 2003
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- Publisher : Norton Creek Press; 2 edition (March 7 2003)
- Language : English
- Paperback : 248 pages
- ISBN-10 : 0972177019
- ISBN-13 : 978-0972177016
- Item Weight : 370 g
- Dimensions : 15.24 x 1.57 x 22.86 cm
- Best Sellers Rank: #401,205 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
- Customer Reviews:
About the Author
Excerpt. © Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.
Milo Hastings THE DOLLAR HEN changed my life. The book was almost 90 years old when I first read it, but it set me on the path to a successful free-range egg business. It gave me more good advice than any poultry book Ive read, before or since. But Hastings was always ahead of his time.
Hastings was Poultryman at the Kansas Experiment Station in 1902, only a few years after any scientist anywhere turned his attention to practical poultry questions, but he was given no funds. He moved on to the USDA, which charged him with learning all about the commercial poultry industry as it then stood, which brought some much-needed practical information into the field.
In 1919, he wrote a classic work of science fiction, CITY OF ENDLESS NIGHT. Because of Hastings practical bent, the book is chillingly plausible, which isnt something you can say of most SF works of that era.
In the Twenties, Hastings was active in the physical culture movement, writing books and serving as food editor of Physical Culture magazine. The movement was mostly focused on the health benefits of exercise, but Hastings added a much-needed emphasis on nutrition. This was when vitamins were a new concept. Hastings was right there with both theory and practice. He wrote books on nutrition and an early work on high blood pressure.
Hastings was that rarest of creatures, the practical philosopher. He wanted to make sense of the world in a way that would be immediately useful to his readers.
When I started raising chickens on my Oregon farm in 1996, I wanted to learn about profitable free-range egg farming. I have always tried to turn my hobbies into businesses, and I saw no reason why farming should be an exception.
The modern literature I could find on poultry farming fell into three categories:
1. Professional literature for modern factory farms. This information is interesting and often useful, but is generally cant be applied directly to the problems of small farms.
2. Literature for backyarders, fanciers, and hobbyists. Though fascinating and in many cases charming, these works are generally quite useless for practical farmers. They are written by and for people with very small flocks who look forward to spending time and money on their fascinating hobby without any real expectation of profit. To the farmer, profit is what pays the mortgage, puts the kids through college, and pays for retirement (or, in my case, make a part-time contribution to these things), and any work that treats profit as an optional extra provides hazardous guidance.
3. Literature motivated by politics, a romantic view of farm life, or a fear of chemicals. I found these particularly misleading, because they tended to represent theories as facts and wishful thinking as established practices. It turns out that most of this writing is done by non-farmers, though they do not advertise this fact.
To learn something practical, I turned to the poultry literature of yesteryear, when small farms like mine were the norm, and a flock of hens figured into nearly every farm in the country. I quickly learned that the period of interest started around 1900, when practical poultry research began, and ended around 1960, when the switch to factory farming was complete.
I live close to Oregon State University, where just about every poultry book ever written can be found on the first floor of the Valley Library. However, the first dozen or so books I read were just as impractical as their modern equivalents. There have always been books written about the delights of country life by newly transplanted city folks. Ominously, many were written by people whose poultry business was in its second or third year of operation, before the owners money or luck had been given time to run out.
In short, my search for examples of practical, unpretentious, profitable free-range egg farming was coming up empty.
Then I found THE DOLLAR HEN.
Hastings was refreshingly practical, even cynical. I liked him immediately. He was the only poultry author I had found who came right out and said that a farmers time is too valuable to waste, and that results come not from fancy methods but from simple ones, intelligently applied.
More than that, he had investigated every aspect of the poultry industry when working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and he explained the fundamentals of how it all worked. Because fundamentals never change, this information is as useful now as it was when it was written, almost a century ago.
The book is particularly useful to todays small farmers and those who deal with them, because the problems and methods of small farmers have changed relatively little, and have more in common with those of Hastings day than they do with todays industrialized farms.
I have edited Hastings original work, replacing terms that have fallen out of use with modern equivalents, adding explanatory footnotes, and knocking some of the rough edges off the original editions erratic punctuation. At no point have I changed the meaning of a single sentence.
Robert Plamondon Blodgett, Oregon March, 2003
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I bought the book because I wanted to raise, organically, a small flock for healthy eggs and meat, and, if possible, make it pay for itself in sales as well. His book is the best I've found that deals with the entirety of housing, feeding, hatching chicks, and making money as well as feeding your own family.
He gets right down to the fundamentals, which is what you'll need to know. It's a good book to read and keep as reference. You won't be sorry if you buy it.
I would love to see someone write a modern day version of this kind of book.