Fooled By Randomness Hardcover – Apr 2004
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If the prescriptions for getting rich that are outlined in books such as The Millionaire Next Door and Rich Dad Poor Dad are successful enough to make the books bestsellers, then one must ask, Why aren't there more millionaires? In Fooled by Randomness, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, a professional trader and mathematics professor, examines what randomness means in business and in life and why human beings are so prone to mistake dumb luck for consummate skill. This eccentric and highly personal exploration of the nature of randomness meanders from the court of Croesus and trading rooms in New York and London to Russian roulette, Monte Carlo engines, and the philosophy of Karl Popper. Part of what makes this book so good is Taleb's ability to make seemingly arcane mathematical concepts (at least to this reviewer) entirely relevant in evaluating and understanding everything from the stock market to the success of those millionaires cited in the aforementioned bestsellers. Here's an articulate, wise, and humorous meditation on the nature of success and failure that anyone who wants a little more of the former would do well to consider. Highly recommended. --Harry C. Edwards --This text refers to an alternate Hardcover edition.
From Publishers Weekly
In this look at financial luck, hedge fund manager Taleb (Dynamic Hedging) addresses the apparently irrational movement of money markets around the world. Using his own investing experience and examples of others' successes and disappointments, he discusses theories like Monte Carlo math (easy; considered cheating by purists) and the concept of Russian roulette. Taleb tells interesting, well-wrought stories about individual behavior: "While Nero has succeeded beyond his wildest dreams, both personally and intellectually, he is starting to consider himself as having missed a chance somewhere." While serious investors and mathematics enthusiasts will be intrigued, readers looking for practical investment strategies will be disappointed by this rambling intellectual discourse. Tables. 40,000-copy first printing; $150,000 marketing budget.
Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information, Inc.--This text refers to an alternate Hardcover edition. See all Product Description
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Top Customer Reviews
The big ideas are simple. The usefulness of the book is that he shows you how we generally do not behave as if the simple ideas are true. The biggest idea is survivorship bias. It explains why my book reviews tend to be positive. I generally do not post a review unless I've read the entire book, and I tend to quit books that I don't like. So, my reviews are based on a sample that is infected by survivorship bias. I won't go into the other ideas (i.e., the problem of induction and "our genetic unfitness in the world") except to say that (i) the induction issue is arguably an extension of survivorship bias, so you may feel déjà vu here and (ii) the last section on the "human aspect of uncertainty" is the weakest section.Read more ›
Generally speaking, this book is written in a concise and understandable style with several anecdotes facilitating the reading experience. Where most of the readers will experience difficulty, however, is in the comprehension of some of the concepts presented by Taleb, as they do not always relate to every day's routine.
Drawing from works in many subjects (including biology, psychology, probability and economics), Taleb attempts to show how the human being is thoroughly incapable of dealing with random events. He discusses diverse problems related to the prediction of the market's yield, including, most notably, the problem of induction (how can one believe that summarizing past history into a model is possible, thus reducing finance to a single equation?). Also, I have found this book to be applicable in a much broader context than security analysis and risk management.
Similar books in the same category include A Random Walk Down Wall Street, by B. Malkiel, Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk, by P. Bernstein and Irrational Exuberance, by R. Shiller. Overall, this book seems to have been written for the author more that for anyone else, but it does contain interesting knowledge often forgotten by other authors. I was not disappointed by this book, but it has failed to exceed my expectations, thereby ranking it a ``good'' read.
His point is simple:
1) He uses logical thought experiments to show that in a random environment Warren Buffets are almost unavoidable to produce JUST BY LUCK --of course misunderstood that Warren Buffet has been lucky (the subtelty is not difficult to get).
2) If you have done poorly in life he can convince you that it may not be your fault (therapy)
3) If you have done very well in life and do not introspect you will be angry at him (he takes away from you your self-importance). The explanation are the attribution &overconfidence heuristics: people are motivated by a lack of understanding of the odds. They believe that their successes were explainavble & their failures were random. Go tell a gambler that he does not have the odds: he will be angry at you.
All that is wrapped in his idiosyncratic style. I have to say that I find his both charming and extemely arrogant. There is a deep philosophical point but it is too difficult for this.
HE did not tame his arrogance for this second edition
Taleb is clearly a gifted thinker but I, as some other readers, couldn't help feeling annoyed by him before I reached the middle of the book. The last time I felt this uncomfortable was reading Michael Moore's last diatribe. Not that I disagreed wholeheartedly with either of the writers' polemic; just that I felt the arguments were so heavily soaked in personal anger as to reduce the rational arguments to a one-sided shouting match.
Taleb's clear failure to communicate to his colleagues and bosses says as much about Taleb's communication skills as it does of his acquaintances' foolishness.
Sadly, and perhaps unsurprisingly, Taleb is not without foolishness himself in some of his spurious arguments (used to back up perfectly rational concepts). When he claims that if someone had invested 1 million dollars in the US stock market in the 1920's he would now effectively own the whole of the listed market we know he's not quite serious. Even assuming that the rest of the investors would sit quietly on the sidelines for 80 years, try finding someone in the 1920's with a million bucks to speculate!
In terms of the foolishness of using past performance and past experiences to predict the future what other tool do we have?
My understanding of the "Bigger Fool Theory of Investing" is that fundamentals are irrelevant to the future returns of an investment. While analysts may look at P/E ratios and capitalized values of companies and claim that the stock is fundamentally over-valued, what of a Cezanne?Read more ›
Most recent customer reviews
A nice book to have in general, and a special one for traders of financial markets as it strengthens your thinking( taking into account black swan events).Published 4 months ago by Vladimir Gjylameti
I like this book better than The Black Swan. It goes deeper into the issue of probability and techniques to ensure you are not fooled by ignorance or human mental habits and bias. Read morePublished 11 months ago by Brant
No one knows this reality better than the author of this quote, Nassim Taleb. Sadly the media overlooked this great work by Mr. Read morePublished on Aug. 20 2014 by James DiCenzo
In summer, I sail. It get's me away from trading. And one of life's most looked forward to pleasures is a good book in a quiet anchorage. Alas often about trading but, never mind. Read morePublished on June 8 2013 by Sailor Dunc
Mr. Taleb has an uncanny insight. I believe it was Winston Churchill who stated "Those who do not study history are doomed to repeat it". Read morePublished on April 24 2013 by Michael J. Dube
The book is very entertaining. The author is a storyteller who makes some excellent observations about financial life and the futility of trying to look for patterns amongst the... Read morePublished on March 3 2013 by NeroTulip1961
Working in the financial field I purchased this book at the recommendation of a very sophisticated client. Read morePublished on Sept. 3 2011 by RDP