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See all 27 tracks on this disc
Jose Antonio Carlos de Seixas was both a virtuoso keyboard performer and a prolific composer with almost 100 authenticated harpsichord sonatas to his credit. His sonatas share something of the advanced form and colourful texture of his older contemporary
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This CD changes all that. It also makes one wish that some Lisbon dig would unearth more of the nearly 700 Seixas pieces for harpsichord that were supposedly lost during Lisbon's great 1755 earthquake, a few years after his death, especially if some of them matched the level of these sonatas. Naxos reports plans to release those that have survived: the liner notes mention a collection of eighty - thirteen of which appear here, played very ably by Brazilian virtuoso Débora Halász. At least five more Seixas CDs should gradually be released, which is good news indeed for baroque music fans.
Seixas was the cathedral organist at his native Coimbra from the age of fourteen, but at sixteen he was appointed Vice Master organist in Lisbon's Royal Chapel - the Chapel Master being none other than Domenico Scarlatti. During Scarlatti's five years in Portugal, he taught and was said to admire young Carlos, who eventually replaced him as Chapel Master and harpsichord teacher at Lisbon's royal court. A Portuguese dictionary from 1760 reports that, upon first witnessing Seixas' playing, Scarlatti said to the youth that he ought to teach him, Scarlatti, rather than the other way around, as the Portuguese monarch had commanded the Italian master. Seixas died early, at 38, but was already regarded as the highest-ranking Portuguese musician of his time. Some mutual influence in their keyboard music seems likely, although the sonata form was developed further by the longer-lived Scarlatti.
Seixas' works often feature a relatively simple left-hand part while the melodic structures for the right hand are elaborated and developed through variations. Most sonatas on this disc are in two movements, some are in three, and a few are in a single movement; a one- to three-minute duration is typical, two movements last less than a minute, and just one is 13 minutes long.
The soloist displays the harpsichord's expressive variety, as well as her own considerable talents, through a mix that, for instance, has a graceful piece requiring a toy piano-like sound, such as the Sonata 24's closing movement, followed immediately, and every bit as adroitly, with something calling for an aggressive clangour - in this case, the intricate and challenging 27th Sonata. The differentiation in tempo, touch and articulation of Seixas' music make for a remarkably wide expressive range that can comprise the poignant Largo to Sonata #18, which is full of sadness or a mature resignation, and the exuberant Allegro that follows, which is suggestive of the most youthful restlessness. This range includes the 24th Sonata's heaven-storming opening, the brash, heroic tonalities of Nos 19 and 44, graceful sweetness in Sonata 37, and wistful lyricism in the Moderato of Sonata 43. This last piece inhabits a sound-world akin to Antonio Soler's sublime Fandango, although it is clearly nowhere as lengthy nor weighty in intent. Also worth noting is the engaging and ambitious Sonata No. 57, for its harmonically-rich and grandiloquent opening movement, followed by a delicate, contemplative middle, and closing with a fast movement of unexpected extroversion.
It may be something of a fool's errand to try to sit through 71 minutes of any solo instrument that is not 'live,' no matter how delightful each piece - and this certainly applies to baroque harpsichord music unless one is a die-hard keyboard head-banger or in a very special mood. Still, the three recent Naxos releases of Buxtehude's trio sonatas show how enjoyable well-played baroque chamber recitals in historically-informed performances can be, and that they amply reward repeated listening. Naxos has also been gradually releasing Scarlatti's keyboard sonatas in piano versions that feature a different artist per CD: this will be the first complete traversal since Scott Ross's for Erato, and has already yielded several successes.
Through its prolific output of digital recordings - which, importantly, have set new standards of affordability - the Naxos label has been performing a tremendous service, often using special business arrangements to co-fund recordings (Bavarian Radio supported this Seixas release). The snobs about this 'cheapie' label have been laughed out of court by the quality of its production values, and in the meantime troves of seldom-visited music have been richly re-explored. This includes the three mentioned baroque traversals, along with far better-known classical repertoire - including the now-completed series of Haydn's eighty-eight string quartets. The profiles of key 20th century composers have also been refreshed, hopefully also for new audiences, including top-flight collections of music by Walton, Martinu and Lutoslawski. At the same time, the label has devised imaginative series that are often nothing short of revelatory - including one of British String Quartets, another of 20th century Japanese composers, and a very large and successful collection of USAmerican composers' master works.
No doubt other listeners would praise different, no less excellent recordings that reflect their tastes, given the label's enormous breadth. All the more reason why, within Naxos's brief history, its owner, Klaus Heymann, stands as a sort of musical Santa Klaus in an industry long beleaguered by word that `classical' music has drawn its last breath.
With this release they have clearly issued the best single CD to gain the acquaintance of Portugal's underappreciated late baroque musical genius.
So bravo yet again!
This is the first CD of a projected recording of Seixas's complete surviving keyboard sonatas on Naxos. It complements Naxos's ongoing projects of recording the keyboard sonatas of Scarlatti, on the piano by a variety of artists, and the keyboard sonatas of Padre Antonio Soler, performed on the harpsichord by Gilbert Rowland.
Seixas composed binary style keyboard sonatas of the type immortalized by Domenico Scarlatti (1685 -- 1787). In fact the two composers knew each other, beginning in 1723 when Scarlatti moved to Lisbon. Seixas studied with Scarlatti for a time. Although they have a character of their own, Seixas's works are similar to the early works of Scarlatti. Scarlatti's sonatas deepened and developed to a great degree as he worked with the form over the years.
Seixas's sonatas, as evidenced on this CD, are lively, virtuosic, highly rhythmic, and show a strong degree of originality. They tend to use heavy and repeated chords in the bass and have a rather straight-ahead quality. They lack the quirkiness and idiosyncracies for which Scarlatti is known. Unlike Scarlatti but like the later composer Padre Antonio Soler (1729 -- 1783) Seixas composed many multiple-movement sonatas. Soler's later multi-movement works are in the early classical galant style while Seixas's, composed earlier, remain firmly baroque. I found Seixas's works, particularly the multi-movement sonatas, to be short and somewhat fragmentary. His material does not get the expansion and development that Scarlatti gives to even his short works.
The single-movement sonatas on this CD are highly virtuosic works with big chords, long runs, elaborate ornamentation, and difficult cross-hand passages. These works include the sonata no. 44 in F minor, the sonata no. 24 in D minor, and the sonata no.50 in G minor. Of the multi-movement works, I especially enjoyed the three- movement sonata no 57 in A major, with its large chordal opening movement, is surprisingly poignant slow movement, and its lively finale.
For those who love the music of Scarlatti, it is delightful and instructive to place his music in a large context by listening to the music of a slightly later composer, Padre Soler, who studied with him, and a younger contemporary, Seixas. Neither of these composers are of the stature of Scarlatti, but both wrote beautifully for the harpsichord. Knowledge of the music of Seixas and Soler will increase one's appreciation of Scarlatti as well as of these composers in their own right. The music of Soler has been known for some time, but Seixas' music remains obscure. This exquisite collection should help to correct that situation.
I hope Amazon soon makes volume 2 of this series available as an MP3 album
As many of the works produced by Naxos a fine quaility production of a lesser known artist who is able to be rediscovered by the public and whose work will be enjoyed by anyone who should purchase the CD of Carlos de Seixas. The movements in the Harpischord Sonatas 1, are lively and flow very well and are pleasure for their listening enjoyment.