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The Great Merger Movement in American Business, 1895-1904 Paperback – Apr 29 1988

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Product Details

  • Paperback: 224 pages
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press (April 29 1988)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0521357659
  • ISBN-13: 978-0521357654
  • Product Dimensions: 15.2 x 1.3 x 22.8 cm
  • Shipping Weight: 399 g
  • Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #2,766,176 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Product Description


Review of the paperback: 'During the decade from 1895 to 1904, more than 1800 manufacturing firms merged into 157 consolidated corporations, many of which in turn dominated their industries and became some of the best-known companies in the United States. In the three generations since, capable scholars in many disciplines have offered a variety of explanations. Now, in a clearly written, sophisticated, and remarkably concise book, Naomi R. Lamoreaux presents a synthesis and bold critique of that scholarship, together with strikingly original insights of her own.' Journal of American History

Review of the paperback: 'Professor Lamoreaux has explored the great merger wave of turn-of-the-century America as an event produced by special circumstances that had serious implications for the health of the American business system nearly a century later. We can hope that she will continue to apply her enormous talent to a further explication of these implications.' Reviews in American History

Review of the paperback: 'In this book Naomi Lamoreaux directs our focus from the role of vertical integration and the managerial 'resolution' in the emergence of the large, modern corporation emphasized by Alfred Chandler back to where it had been initially, on the never-equalled wave of horizontal consolidations in manufacturing between 1895 and 1904. The causes and effects of this merger wave, which permanently altered the structure of the American economy, are important and difficult questions, usually sidestepped by new economic historians. Lamoreaux skillfully analyzes them with an imaginative blend of business history and cliometrics ... I found the book extremely interesting and suggestive and profited greatly from it. It is well written, clearly argued, and accessible to general historians as well as economists. It should have great impact in focusing attention on this important period of consolidating.' Journal of Economic History

Review of the paperback: 'This book is a model of good economic history and of good scholarship. Professor Lamoreaux has beautifully balanced a thorough reading of the history of the period with a plausible economic theory of the events and presented them in a readable and persuasive manner. I am certain that this will become the standard work on the great merger wave of the late nineteenth century.' Journal of Economic Literature

Book Description

Between 1895 and 1904 a great wave of mergers swept through the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy. In The Great Merger Movement in American Business, Lamoreaux explores the causes of the mergers, concluding that there was nothing natural or inevitable about turn-of-the-century combinations.

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on (beta) HASH(0xa11da8dc) out of 5 stars 2 reviews
3 of 4 people found the following review helpful
HASH(0xa0bfdc84) out of 5 stars The Rise of Big Business in America March 8 2008
By not me - Published on
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
"The Great Merger Movement in American Business" is a fabulous monograph. It combines business history, legal history and oligopoly models to explain the sudden rise of industrial concentration in the 1890s. The basic idea is that firms with high fixed costs responded to the depression of 1893 by plunging into ruinous price wars, as they fought for market share in order to operate at full capacity. Seeing the suicidal implications of this strategy, the firms changed course and bought up or merged with their rivals, leading to industries dominated by one or two huge companies.

The book is short, clearly written, and uses simple models to great effect. Dispensing with neo-classical claptrap, the author doesn't assume that the merger movement of the 1890s was inevitable or dictated by considerations of efficiency. On the contrary, she finds that older industries with stable producer/seller relationships avoided merger mania, having already worked out arrangements to minimize price competition. She also recognizes that big firms can sometimes erect barriers to entry.

I highly recommend this book. Anyone interested in American economic history will like it a lot.
HASH(0xa0f328b8) out of 5 stars Five Stars June 3 2015
By Jon Nelson - Published on
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Came in condition , as promised.