The New Consumers: The Influence Of Affluence On The Environment Hardcover – Jul 9 2004
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About the Author
Norman Myers is a world-renowned environmental analyst who has numerous important books and more than 300 scientific papers and 400 popular articles to his credit. He has won several international awards for his work, including the Volvo Environment Prize, the UNEP Environment Prize, and the Blue Planet Prize. Jennifer Kent is an environmental researcher and analyst specializing in interdisciplinary studies. She has published several papers and books with Norman Myers.
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The new consumers are people in developing and transition nations who have achieved a level of affluence to buy cars, eat more meat, and own electrical appliances on a par with the least of us in America. China leads the group in meat and grain consumption; there are lots of people in China. India is not far behind, and it is very hot there. Russia has become the biggest oil-producing country in the world, and now rivals Saudi Arabia. Mexico has gained many U.S. manufacturing companies and other America owned concerns, so now they can live well.
Poland, where our former mayor is now ambassador, is on this list and now the natives own many more automobiles and lead a higher life style since our beloved Victor Ashe relocated. The twenty countries who comprise the globalization include South Africa, Brazil, Iran, Pakitan, Turkey, Ukraine, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, South Korea, Argentina, Columbia, and Venezula.
This vast phenomenon has an unprecedented scope of world trade in these twenty countries. Japan is the leader in producing electronics. Millions of these new consumers own television sets and computers. Now, however, exists the parallel difference between the "Haves" and the "Have-Nots" like in this hillbilly hometown of mine which tries to think it is a city.
Among the worst off is Bombay, India (12 million residents, half are homeless or slum-dwellers). Absolute poverty abounds in all twenty countries as it does in the United States. So many homeless here in every town and city!
Owning a car is a status symbol -- the ultimate of "You've made it." In America, you need two or more to reach that goal of the good life. In most places, a car is a necessity (with the exception of Manhattan who chooses to lease a car on weekends) and not a luxury item any longer.
Leading car ownerships in these twenty are Brazil, Russia, Mexico, S. Korea, Argentina, Malaysia and Poland. Elsewhere, there are more bicycle riders and trains. This increase in driving cars is causing more air pollution from carbon dioxide. Six of the world's (outside of U.S.) smoggiest cities are Sao Paulo, Beijing, Shanghai, New Delhi, and Mexico City. In U. S. Knoxville is on a par with Los Angeles in air pollution. Poland uses a tax system to encourage unleaded gasoline.
Shanghai has put ten billion dollars into a rapid transit system. Pittsburg, PA, equals Ottawa, Canada, with a bus-based rapid-transit systems. The buses in Knoxville are used to serve the University of Tennessee to the exclusion of the public. It is called a public transit, but it is run by Cincinnati, Ohio, management and they prefer sub-contracting the conventions and running the forty new buses (which TDOT paid for use of the public) day and night -- wearing them out -- to bring in additional ridership and profits. And the City Council backs this endeavor to deceive the public.
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