From the Inside Flap
The field of occupational safety and health has undergone significant change over the past two decades. There are many reasons for this. Some of the more prominent include the following: technological changes that have introduced new hazards in the workplace; proliferation of health and safety legislation and corresponding regulations: increased pressure from regulatory agencies; realization by executives that workers in a safe and healthy workplace are typically more productive: health care and workers' compensation costs: increased pressure from environmental groups and the public; a growing interest in ethics and corporate responsibility; professionalization of health and safety occupations; increased pressure from labor organizations and employees in general: rapidly mounting costs associated with product safety and other types of litigation: and increasing incidents of workplace violence.
All of these factors, when taken together, have made the job of the modem safety and health professional more challenging and more important than it has ever been. These factors have also created a need for an up-to-date book on workplace safety and health that contains the latest information needed by people who will practice this profession in the age of global competition and rapid technological change.
WHY WAS THIS BOOK WRITTEN AND FOR WHOM?
This book was written to fulfill the need for an up-to-date practical teaching resource that focuses on the needs of modern safety and health professionals practicing in the workplace. It is intended for use in universities, colleges, community colleges, and corporate training settings that offer programs, courses, workshops, and/or seminars in occupational safety and health. Educators in such disciplines as industrial technology, manufacturing technology, industrial engineering, engineering technology, occupational safety, management, and supervision may find this book both valuable and easy to use. The direct, straightforward presentation of material focuses on making the theories and principles of occupational safety and health practical and useful in a real-world setting. Up-to-date research has been integrated throughout in a down-to-earth manner.
ORGANIZATION OF THE BOOK
The text contains thirty chapters, each focusing on a major area of concern for modern safety and health professionals. The chapters are presented in an order that is compatible with the typical organization of a college-level safety and health course. a standard chapter format is used throughout the book. Each chapter begins with a list of major topics and ends with a comprehensive summary. Following the summary. each chapter contains end material including review questions, key terms and concepts, and endnotes. Within each chapter are case studies to promote classroom discussion, as well as at least one safety fact or myth. These materials are provided to encourage review, stimulate additional thought, and provide opportunities for applying what has been learned.
HOW THIS BOOK DIFFERS FROM OTHERS
This book was written because in the age of global competition. safety and health in the workplace has changed drastically. Many issues, concerns, and factors relating specifically to modem workplace environments have been given more attention, greater depth of coverage, and more illumination than other textbooks. Some of the areas receiving more attention and specific occupational examples are the following:
- The OSHAct and OSHA
- Standards and codes
- Laws and liability
- Stress-related problems
- Life safety
- Evolving roles of health and safety professionals
- Health and safety training
- Human factors in safety
- Environmental issues and ISO 14000 standards
- Computers, robots, and automation
- Ethics and safety
- Bloodborne pathogens in the workplace
- Product safety and liability
- Ergonomics and safety
- Relationship between safety and quality
- Workplace violence
- Repetitive strain injuries (RSI)
- Terrorism threats in the workplace
NEW IN THIS EDITION
This fifth edition of Occupational Safety and Health contains much new and updated material, including the following:
- Additions, deletions, and changes suggested by reviewers were made as appropriate.
- Research material and corresponding endnotes were updated throughout.
- Older research material has been retained only if it is still valid and not time sensitive.
- Photographs and drawings were added at selected places in the manuscript to better illustrate certain concepts.
New or Updated Material in This Book
- Chapter 2: Added material on estimating the hidden costs of accidents.
- Chapter 3: Added material on drugs, depression, and management failures in accident causation.
- Chapter 4: Updated OHSA material including the new reporting forms. the enhanced enforcement policy, and examples of actual OSHA citations and fines.
- Chapter 5: Added material on how to control the rising costs of workers' compensation.
- Chapter 7: Added more material about sources of workplace stress and reducing the stress associated with shift work.
- Chapter 8: Added material on OSHA's requirements for machine guarding, machine guarding self-assessment, and control of hazardous energy. Also added photographs illustrating modern machine guards.
- Chapter 9: Added material on OSHA's recommendations for effective fall protection, regulations for footwear, and training requirements for operators of powered industrial trucks (forklifts).
- Chapter 12: Added material on electrical hazards self-assessment.
- Chapter 13: Added material on OSHA's Fire Standards, fire fighting options, and self assessment in fire protection.
- Chapter 14: Added material on toxic mold and OSHAs Hazard Communication Standard. Also grouped all material about confined space issues together in preparation for creating a separate chapter on confined spaces in the next edition.
- Chapter 17: Added material on evacuation planning, recovering from disasters, and terrorism in the workplace.
- Chapter 18: Was old Chapter 22. Chapter 18 - 24 were rearranged at the request of reviewers to collect all management-related chapters together.
- Chapter 19: Was old Chapter 23.
- Chapter 20: Was old Chapter 24. Added material on preventing and responding to needlestick injuries.
- Chapter 21: Was old Chapter 18. Added material on safety management concerns and best practices in safety management.
- Chapter 22: Was old Chapter 19. Added material on the types of accident reports and the circumstances that call for each type and on common causes of accidents that safety and health professionals can use when conducting accident investigations.
- Chapter 23: Was old Chapter 20. Added material on the effectiveness of incentives in promoting safety and on potential problems with incentive programs.
- Chapter 24: Was old Chapter 21. Added material on training issues for speakers of English as a second language and on OSHA's trend toward being more prescriptive in its training requirements.
- Chapter 25:Added material on an ISO 14000 success story.
From the Back Cover
With an eye on the future and a finger on the pulse of today's rapid changes due to global competition, this straightforward, state-of-the-art guide addresses the key issues, concerns, and factors relating specifically to modern workplace environments in the safety and health professions. Highly functional in content and approach, it draws immediate connections between principles and their practices in real-world settings, includes the latest OSHA standards, and approaches safety and health issues from the perspective of Total Quality Management (TQM) and global competitiveness. The author examines accidents and their effects, theories of accident causation, the OSHA Act, standards, and liability, workers' compensation, ergonomic hazards, mechanical hazards and machine safeguarding, falling, impact, acceleration, industrial hygiene, safety analysis and prevention, accident investigation and reporting, ethics and safety, safety, health, and competition in the global marketplace and violence in the workplace. For safety directors and managers.
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